Trincomalee in her current location in Hartlepool
|Operator||National Museum of the Royal Navy|
|Ordered||30 October 1812|
|Laid down||25 April 1816|
|Launched||12 October 1817|
|Out of service||1986|
|Status||Museum ship, Hartlepool, England|
|Class and type||Leda-class frigate|
|Tons burthen||1065.63 bm|
|Beam||39 ft 11.25 in (12.1730 m)|
|Depth of hold||12 ft 9 in (3.89 m)|
|Sail plan||Full-rigged ship|
|Complement||315 officers and men|
Trincomalee is one of two surviving British frigates of her era—her near-sister HMS Unicorn (of the modified Leda class) is now a museum ship in Dundee. After being ordered on 30 October 1812, Trincomalee was built in Bombay, India, by the Wadia family of shipwrights in teak, due to oak shortages in Britain as a result of shipbuilding drives for the Napoleonic Wars. The ship was named Trincomalee after the 1782 Battle of Trincomalee off the Ceylon (Sri Lanka) port of that name.
Work on the Trincomalee began in May 1816. Ceremonially an engraved silver nail was hammered into the ship's keel by the master shipbuilder Jamsetjee Bomanjee Wadia, this being considered vital for the ship's well-being, according to Parsi Zoroastrian tradition.
With a construction cost of £23,000 (approximately £2,015,000 in 2020), Trincomalee was launched on 12 October 1817. Commander Philip Henry Bridges sailed her to Portsmouth Dockyard, where she arrived on 30 April 1819, with a journey costing £6,600. During the maiden voyage the ship arrived at Saint Helena on 24 January 1819, where she stayed for 6 days, leaving with an additional passenger, a surgeon who had attended Napoleon at Longwood House on the island, Mr John Stokoe.
After being fitted out at a further cost of £2,400, Trincomalee was placed in reserve until 1845, when she was re-armed with fewer guns giving greater firepower, had her stern reshaped and was reclassified as a sixth-rate spar-decked corvette.
Trincomalee departed from Portsmouth in 1847 and remained in service for ten years, serving on the North American and West Indies station. During her time, she was to help quell riots in Haiti and stop a threatened invasion of Cuba, and serve on anti-slavery patrol. In 1849, she was despatched to Newfoundland and Labrador before being recalled to Britain in 1850. In 1852 she sailed to join the Pacific Squadron on the west coast of America.
Trincomalee finished her Royal Navy service as a training ship, but was placed in reserve again in 1895 and sold for scrap two years later on 19 May 1897. She was then purchased by entrepreneur George Wheatley Cobb, restored, and renamed Foudroyant in honour of HMS Foudroyant, his earlier ship that had been wrecked in 1897.
She was used in conjunction with HMS Implacable as an accommodation ship, a training ship, and a holiday ship based in Falmouth then Portsmouth. She remained in service until 1986, after which she was again restored and renamed back to Trincomalee in 1992.
- HMS Victory – 18th-century first rate ship of the line
- USS Constitution – 18th-century US Navy frigate
- HMS Unicorn – a surviving sister ship
- Historical Maritime Society
- "The Wadias of India". zoroastrian.org.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- "The History of HMS Trincomalee" (PDF).
- "Trincomalee Construction". The National Museum. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- The Portsmouth Telegraph letter dated St. Helena Jan. 29, 1819
- "HMS Trincomalee - Royal Navy Service". The National Museum. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- HMS Foudroyant
- "HMS Trincomalee - Training days as TS Foudroyant". The National Museum. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- "Restoration and the present day". The National Museum. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- "HMS Trincomalee - About us". The National Museum. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- Andrew Lambert – Trincomalee: the last of Nelson’s frigates, Chatham Publishing, 2002, ISBN 1-86176-186-4
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