|Somali and Arabic|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Abgaal, and other Hawiye and Samaale|
The Habar Gidir (Somali: Habar Gidir, Arabic: هبر جدير) are a Somali clan that is part of the Hawiye and the even larger Samaale clan. It is one of the major sub-clans of the Hawiye and Somali clans in general.The clan has produced many prominent Somali figures including the first Prime Minister of Somalia and Somalia's fifth President.
The Habar Gidir are a Hiraab sub-clan. The patriarch of the Habar Gidir is Madarkicis Hiraab one of the sons of Hiraab. He had two wives. His relationship with Asha Karshe Mohamed bore him two children named Sacad and Saleeban. With Raaray Gidir Karanle he had two more children named Ayr and Suruur. When Asha passed away he plead with Raaray Gidir to raise and care for his children from Asha as if they were her own. She obliged to his wish. Madarkicis Hiraab's gratefulness toward her kind act is eternally shown in how his decedents are not named after him but Raaray Gidir. This is the origin story for where the name Habar Gidir stems from.
The Habar Gidir are a sub-clan of the Hawiye. This gives the Habar Gidir immediate lineal ties with the other Hawiye sub-clans.The Hawiye descend from Irir Samaale who was one of the sons of Samaale. Due to this the Habar Gidir also have kinship with the Dir (Irir) and the other Samaale sub-clans that are the Hawadle, Ajuran, Degoodi, and Gaalje'el clan groups.
The Habar Gidir primarily live in the central regions of Mudug, Galgaduud, and Hiran located in Galmudug and Hirshabelle states respectively. The clan can also be found throughout Southern Somalia especially in Banaadir (Mogadishu) and Lower Shabelle where they have a large presence. Moreover they can be found in some parts of Jubaland. Furthermore in Somalia they have a significant presence in the northern regions of Togdheer and Sool.The clan also lives in the Somali region of Ethiopia in particular the areas neighboring Galmudug. In addition to this the Habar Gidir can also be found in the expatriate communities of the Somali diaspora.
Role and Influence in Somalia
The Habar Gidir clan has produced many prominent Somali figures. The first prime minister of Somalia Abdullahi Issa Mohamud was from this clan. Somalia's fifth president Abdiqasim Salad Hassan was also a member. They have also held many other important and high ranking positions in governance with a large variety that includes Minister of Economic Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, head of Somali National Security, chief of staff of the Somali armed forces, and many more. In addition to this the Habar Gidir are at the forefront of civics in the central state of Galmudug. The state was conceived and established by them to govern were they traditionally live in central Somalia. Their role in Somali affairs is not limited to only governance. Habar Gidirs also play an important role in business. For instance the head of the Somali airline company Jubba Airways is Habar Gidir. The clan has also produced many influential members of the Somali media. Yusuf Garaad Omar who was the chairman of BBC Somali for over a decade and helped pioneer its rise during his tenure is Habar Gidir. Magool and Hasan Adan Samatar who are among some of the most famous Somali musicians of all time also hail from this clan. Currently the Habar Gidir play a large role primarily in the Somali regions of Galmudug and Banaadir (Mogadishu) but also Somalia as a whole.
Ali Jimale Ahmed outlines the Hawiye clan genealogical tree in The Invention of Somalia:
- Kaariye Karanle
- Gidir Karanle
- Sixaawle Karanale
- Murusade Karanle
- Fadumo Karanle
- Abdullahi Issa, First prime minister of Somalia, 1949–1960 and chairman of the Somali Youth League
- Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, President of Somalia 2000-2004
- Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdiid, Former Somali police chief and president of Galmudug
- Abdullahi Ahmed Addow, former Somalia Ambassador to the United States (1970–80)
- Mohamed Farrah Aidid, United Somali Congress leader who ousted Siad Barre's regime
- Ibrahim Hassan Addou, Former Professor of Washington University. Foreign Minister of the Union of Islamic courts in 2006
- Mohamoud Mohamed Gacmodhere, politician and former Presidential candidate.
- Osman Ali Atto, Somali businessman, affiliated with the Somali National Alliance.
- Asha Haji Elmi, peace activist
- Elman Ali Ahmed, entrepreneur and social activist
- Haji Farah Ali Omar, minister for Economic Affairs of Somalia,1956–1960
- Aden Hashi Ayrow, leader of Al-Shabaab movement; died in United States air strike, 2008
- Hassan Dahir Aweys, head of the council of the Islamic Courts of Somalia
- Hussein Ali Shido, Chairman and co-founder of the United Somali Congress
- Hussein Mohamed Farrah, Somali National Alliance (SNA), Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC) and Transitional Federal Government (TFG) leader, son of Mohammed Farah Aidid
- Yusuf Mohammed Siad Inda'ade, head of security affairs for the Islamic Courts Union
- Abdikarim Hussein Guled, Former Minister of National Security of Somalia, Minister of Interior and Federal affairs, 4th president of Galmudug state.
- Ahmed Duale Gelle, Somali economist, businessman, politician, 5th president of Galmudug state.
- Haliima Magool (Halima Khaliif Omar), singer and musician
- Hasan Adan Samatar, singer and musician
- Abdi Bashiir Indhobuur, poet and composer of many patriotic songs abdulahi abdi weheliye (saruur)
- Amina Said Ali, author, poet, and medical scientist
- Somalia at the Crossroads. Adonis & Abbey. 2007. p. 10.
- Horn of Africa Bulletin, Volume 12. Life & Peace Institute. 2000. p. 21. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
- Ali Jimale Ahmed (1995). The Invention of Somalia. Lawrenceville, NJ: Red Sea. p. 123. ISBN 0-932415-98-9.
- Lewis, I. M. (1998-01-01). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. Red Sea Press. p. 25. ISBN 9781569021057.
- Lewis, I. M. (1998-01-01). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. Red Sea Press. ISBN 9781569021057.
At the end of the book "Tribal Distribution of Somali Afar and Saho"
- Verdier, Isabelle (1997-05-31). Ethiopia: the top 100 people. Indigo Publications. p. 13. ISBN 9782905760128.
- Hayward, R. J.; Lewis, I. M. (2005-08-17). Voice and Power. Routledge. p. 242. ISBN 9781135751753.
- The Quranyo section of the Garre claim descent from Dirr, who are born of the Irrir Samal. UNDP Paper in Keyna http://www.undp.org/content/dam/kenya/docs/Amani%20Papers/AP_Volume1_n2_May2010.pdf
- Adam, Hussein Mohamed; Ford, Richard (1997-01-01). Mending rips in the sky: options for Somali communities in the 21st century. Red Sea Press. p. 127. ISBN 9781569020739.
- Ahmed, Ali Jimale (1995-01-01). The Invention of Somalia. The Red Sea Press. p. 121. ISBN 9780932415998.
- "Jilib Riverine Nutritional Assesment Middle Juba Region" (PDF). FSAU/UNICEF/WORLD CONCERN/AFREC. May 2006.
- "De-classified Documents: Foreign Relations of the United States 1964-1968, Volume XXIV Africa:346. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Katzenbach) to President Johnson: March 12, 1968". Somali Watch (source: US Department of State, Washington). November 29, 200. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010. Check date values in:
- "SOMALIA PM Said "Cabinet will work tirelessly for the people of Somalia"". Midnimo. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.