National List

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National List
רשימה ממלכתית
Leader David Ben-Gurion (1969–1970)
Yigal Hurvitz (1970–1976)
Yitzhak Peretz (1981)
Founded 1969 (original)
1981 (reformed)
Dissolved 1976 (original)
1981 (reformed)
Split from Rafi (original)
La'am (reformed)
Merged into Likud
La'am (original)
La'am (reformed)
Ideology Zionism
Social liberalism
Political position Centre
National affiliation Likud
Alliance Likud (1973–1976)
Most MKs 5 (1974–1976)
Fewest MKs 1 (1981)
Election symbol
עמ

The National List (Hebrew: רשימה ממלכתית‎‎, Reshima Mamlakhtit), sometimes translated as the State List, was a political party in Israel. Despite being founded by David Ben-Gurion, one of the fathers of the Israeli left, the party is an ancestor of the modern-day Likud, Israel's largest right-wing bloc.

Background[edit]

The National List had been formed by Ben-Gurion prior to the 1969 elections after his former party, Rafi, had merged into the Alignment against his wishes.

The new party won four seats in the seventh Knesset, and Ben Gurion was joined in the Knesset by Meir Avizohar, Isser Harel and Yigal Hurvitz. During the session Avizohar defected to the Alignment, leaving the party with three seats. Ben-Gurion resigned from the Knesset in 1970, and was replaced by Zalman Shoval.

Without Ben Gurion's leadership, the party began to disintegrate. Before the 1973 elections it joined the Likud alliance formed by Herut, the Liberal Party (which had formerly been allied as Gahal), Free Centre and the Movement for Greater Israel. The new alliance won 39 seats, with Hurvitz and Shoval being elected to the Knesset on its list. In 1976 the National List merged with the Movement for Greater Israel and the Independent Centre (a breakaway from the Free Centre) to form the La'am faction within Likud, and ceased to exist as an independent entity.

Reformation[edit]

The party was briefly reformed during the ninth Knesset after Hurvitz, Shoval and Yitzhak Peretz had left Likud to create Rafi – National List on 26 January 1981. On 19 May Shoval and Hurvitz left to establish Telem with Moshe Dayan, whilst Peretz renamed the party Rafi, before rejoining Likud on 27 May. Peretz then broke away from the other two to recreate the National List. However, the reconstituted party only lasted for 12 days as Peretz rejoined Likud.

In 1983 Hurvitz broke away from Telem to establish Rafi – National List, which he later renamed Ometz.

External links[edit]