Halton Borough Council
Halton Borough Council
|Founded||1 April 1974|
Mayor of Halton
Mark Dennett, Labour
since 20 May 2022
Leader of the Council
Mike Wharton, Labour
since 21 May 2021
since 1 April 2022
|Liverpool City Region Combined Authority|
|5 May 2022|
|Latin: Industria Navem Implet |
("Industry fills the ship")
|Runcorn Town Hall|
Halton Borough Council is the local authority for the Borough of Halton, incorporating the towns of Runcorn and Widnes and the parishes of Daresbury, Hale, Moore and Preston Brook. It is a constituent council of Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.
Although Halton dates back to the 12th century when land on both sides of the River Mersey belonged to the Barony of Halton, the origin of the district council was the outcome of the Local Government Commission's 1969 Redcliffe-Maud Report. This proposed to create metropolitan counties containing metropolitan district councils in the most urbanised parts of England. The model was that of the London Boroughs and Greater London Council formed in 1965. Southern Lancashire and northern Cheshire were among these urban areas, and two new metropolitan counties were to be formed around Liverpool (as Merseyside) and Manchester (as Greater Manchester). However, the towns of Widnes and Runcorn (and the County Borough of Warrington) which lay between these were reluctant to join either. The Commission agreed that Halton and Warrington would become districts within Cheshire, as they would be detached from Lancashire by the two new metropolitan counties controlling the territory to the north.
The district was formally established on 1 April 1974 from Runcorn Urban District and part of Runcorn Rural District from Cheshire, and the Borough of Widnes and the parish of Hale from Whiston Rural District in Lancashire. On 1 April 1998, Halton became an independent unitary authority, though it is still served by Cheshire Police and Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service, and forms part of Cheshire for ceremonial purposes, such as the Lord Lieutenancy.
On 1 April 2014, Halton became part of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, joining the local authorities of Liverpool, Sefton, Wirral, Knowsley and St Helens, the five metropolitan district councils which constitute the county of Merseyside. This effectively reverses the position adopted in the 1970s which created it as an anomaly. As a unitary authority its status is similar to the metropolitan district councils.
Elections to the council are by thirds. This means that a third of the 54 councillors are elected every year over a four-year cycle (with no elections in the fourth year). Elections are usually held on the first Thursday in May.
- "Proposal to establish a combined authority for Greater Merseyside" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- Clay, Oliver, Halton to become part of Liverpool city region, Runcorn & Widnes Weekly News, archived from the original on 27 July 2011, retrieved 15 January 2009
- Coligan, Nick (25 April 2007). "It's one fight that Labour cannot lose ; Lib Dems' mission impossible: Local elections 2007". Liverpool Echo. p. 15.
- "Halton". BBC News Online. 19 April 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- "Halton (England)". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 25 June 2020.