Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Body||Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Cllr Andrew Johnson (Leader of the Council) (Conservative)|
|• Total||76.61 sq mi (198.43 km2)|
|• Rank||161st (of 309)|
|• Rank||136th (of 309)|
|• Density||2,000/sq mi (770/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC0 (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
|ONS code||00ME (ONS) E06000040 (GSS)|
|OS grid reference|
The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is a Royal Borough of Berkshire, in South East England. It is named after both the towns of Maidenhead and Windsor, the borough also covers the nearby towns of Ascot and Eton. It is home to Windsor Castle, Eton College, Legoland Windsor and Ascot Racecourse. It is one of four boroughs entitled to be prefixed Royal and is one of six unitary authorities in the county, which has historic and ceremonial status.
The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 as one of six standard districts or boroughs within Berkshire, under the Local Government Act 1972, from minor parts of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire which remained for more than two decades Administrative Counties, and such that Berkshire assumed the high-level local government functions for the resultant area. The change merged the boroughs of Maidenhead and Windsor (formally the Royal Borough of New Windsor), the rural districts of Cookham and Windsor, and in Buckinghamshire, north of the River Thames (on the left bank): Eton urban district and the parishes of Datchet, Horton and Wraysbury in its rural district. The area immediately inherited by law royal borough status from the town of Windsor which contains Windsor Castle.
The local authority is its Council. Its area became a unitary authority area on 1 April 1998 with virtually full local government powers as Berkshire County Council was abolished. A minority of the area in terms of population has a lower level of local government, the civil parish.
The borough straddles the River Thames. Approximately half of its flow through the borough has a bypass and seasonally-variable flood relief channel, the Jubilee River. Further flood relief channels are planned for the reaches below the Borough to benefit many other settlements including Datchet and Wraysbury in the borough which were the settlements most widely affected by the UK storms of January-February 2014.
Towns and villages
The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead contains the following towns and villages:
The Royal Borough is represented at Westminster by two members of parliament of the Conservative Party: Adam Afriyie (for Windsor) and Theresa May (for Maidenhead). Maidenhead has been held by the Conservative Party since its creation in 1997. Windsor has been held by the same party since 1874 with varying representation from its 1484 creation including more than 350 initial years with two MPs. Small parts of wards of other seats, notably the Slough unitary area and Wokingham have intermittently been included in each seat to prevent malapportionment which is a definition of boundaries which causes any MP to serve a significantly different number of potential voters (electors) than the others.
The irregular, elongated shape of the Windsor seat being the south-east half of the Borough has been criticised by academics who noted the net changes which the Heath administration led through Parliament in 1972, implemented in 1974, intensified difference. They frequently grouped right-leaning suburban areas within urban historic centres and more modern, urban left-leaning areas such as the bulk of Slough. This ostensibly amounted to nationwide gerrymandering or homogenisation to install a greater number safe seats at the expense of marginal seats however also reflected the majority of social associations of people in each area.
Elections for councillors to the Royal Borough take place every four years; the last took place in 2019. The local authority is controlled a cabinet. The Royal Borough is currently under a Conservative administration, with Cllr Andrew Johnson the leader of the council.
The borough's Mayor is Cllr John Story, and Mayor's Consort Barbara Story.
|Party in control||Years|
|No overall control||1991–1995|
|No overall control||1997–2003|
Parish and town councils
The towns of Maidenhead and Windsor are unparished.
The Windsor and Maidenhead LEA provides a comprehensive system, with a three-tier successive school system in Windsor, and two-tier education elsewhere. Colleges and sixth forms are available in the main two towns as well as across its borders in Egham, Slough and Wokingham.
Freedom of the Borough
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.
- Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh: 1947.
- Prince of Wales : 1970.
- Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother: 1980.
- Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh : 1995.
- Thomas Bailey: 1974.
- Stanley Platt : 1974.
- Sir John Smith : 1975.
- James Matthews: 1988.
- Peter Gray : 1994.
- Geoffrey Blacker : 1996.
- Sir Nicholas Winton : 1999.
- Harry Parker: 1999.
- Sir Clive Woodward : 2003.
- David Lunn : 2008.
- David Oram : 2012.
- The Royal Berkshire Regiment: 1959.
- The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment: 1960.
- The Household Cavalry: 1965.
- The Brigade of Guards: 1968.
- The Berkshire Yeomanry: 1993.
- The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment: 1999.
- The Rifles: 2006.
The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is twinned with the following Towns:
- Neuilly-sur-Seine, France – established 1955 with Royal Borough of New Windsor.
- Saint-Cloud, France – established 1957 with Maidenhead.
- Bad Godesberg, Germany – established 1960 with Maidenhead.
- Goslar, Germany – established 1969 with Royal Borough of New Windsor.
- Frascati, Italy – established 1972 with Maidenhead.
- Kortrijk, Belgium – established 1981 with Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.
- "Windsor and Maidenhead (Unitary District, Windsor and Maidenhead, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972. SO 1972/2039.
- "The Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996. SI 1996/1879". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 26 September 2006.
- Lower Thames Strategy Study: Strategic Environmental Assessment environmental report, Environment Agency, 2009. Accessed 31-12-2017
- Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (SI 1995/1626)
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) (Miscellaneous Changes) Order 1998 (SI 1998/3152).
- Polity (magazine): 6:298 (147 and 183) "The Case of the Vanishing Marginals", D. R. Mayhew (1974)
- "Your Councillors". rbwm.moderngov.co.uk. 10 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Maidenhead, The Royal Borough of Windsor and. "The Mayoralty". www.rbwm.gov.uk.
- UK Politics | Local Elections 2000 | Windsor & Maidenhead Royal. BBC News. Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- Election 2007 | Local Council Elections | Windsor & Maidenhead Royal council. BBC News (4 May 2007). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- "England local elections 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "School system in Windsor to remain as three-tier". Windsor Advertiser. 5 July 2012.
- "Honorary Freemen and Freedom of Entry to the Royal Borough | The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead". Archived from the original on 12 May 2019.
- "Honorary Freemen and Freedom of Entry to the Royal Borough | The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead". Archived from the original on 12 February 2019.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Maidenhead, The Royal Borough of Windsor and. "Borough elections 2019 - by ward". www3.rbwm.gov.uk. Retrieved 10 June 2019.