Hattfjell ("hat mountain")
Hattfjelldal within Nordland
|• Mayor (2000)||Asgeir Almås (Ap)|
|• Total||2,684.32 km2 (1,036.42 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,414.88 km2 (932.39 sq mi)|
|• Water||269.44 km2 (104.03 sq mi)|
|Area rank||17 in Norway|
|• Rank||363 in Norway|
|• Density||0.6/km2 (2/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-10.4 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1826|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Hattfjelldal (Southern Sami: Aarborte and Northern Sami: Árbordi) is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Helgeland traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Hattfjelldal. Other villages include Grubben, Svenskvollen, and Varntresk. Hattfjelldal Airfield is located in the village of Hattfjelldal.
Hattfjelldal is one of the last strongholds for the seriously endangered Southern Sami language.
Hattfjelldal was one of the municipalities in Norway involved in the Terra Securities scandal.
The municipality of Hattfjelldal was established in 1862 when it was separated from the large municipality of Vefsn. The initial population of Hattfjelldal was 961. On 1 January 1964, the part of Hattfjelldal on the north side of the lake Røssvatnet (population: 168) was transferred to Hemnes.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Hattfjelldalen farm (named "Hatfieldalen" in 1723), since the first church was built there. The first element is the name of the mountain Hattfjellet and the last element is dal which means "valley" or "dale". The meaning of the name Hattfjellet is "the hat mountain" (because its shaped like a hat).
The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 24 October 1986. The arms show the Hattfjellet mountain, with its typical shape. The mountain is a canting element since the name of the municipality means "hat mountain valley".
of the Church
Hattfjelldal lies along the Swedish border in the southeastern part of Nordland county. The lake Røssvatnet (Southern Sami: Reevhtse) lies on the border between Hattfjelldal and Hemnes, and it serves as a reservoir. It has been the site of human occupation since the Stone Age. Its area of 219 square kilometres (85 sq mi) makes it the second largest lake in Norway by surface area.
Other lakes in the region include Daningen, Elsvatnet, Famnvatnet, Jengelvatnet, Kjerringvatnet, Krutvatnet, Ranseren, Simskardvatnet, and Unkervatnet. The large river Vefsna runs through the municipality.
Børgefjell National Park is partly located in the southern part of Hattfjelldal, as is Jetnamsklumpen, a prominent mountain. There is several nature reserves, such as Varnvassdalen with a varied topography and old growth forest of pine, birch and some spruce.
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 86.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-11-23.
- "Varnvassdalen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-23.
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