Ministry of National Defense (Republic of China)

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Ministry of National Defense
國防部
Guófángbù
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg
Flag of the Ministry of National Defense
ROC Ministry of National Defense Seal.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of National Defense
Agency overview
Formed 1912 (as Ministry of War)
1946 (as MND)
Jurisdiction Republic of China
Headquarters Zhongshan District, Taipei City, Republic of China
Ministers responsible
Parent agency Executive Yuan
Website www.mnd.gov.tw (in Chinese)
http://www.mnd.gov.tw/English/ (in English)

The Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (MND; Chinese: 中華民國國防部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guófángbù) is a cabinet-level agency under the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China responsible for all defense and military affairs of Republic of China. The MND is currently headed by Minister Feng Shih-kuan.

History[edit]

ROC Ministry of National Defense former headquarters

The MND was originally established as Ministry of War in 1912 at the creation of the Republic of China. It was changed to the Ministry of National Defense in 1946. The Law of National Defense and the Organic Law of the ministry were officially promulgated for implementation on 1 March 2002.[1]

On 8 December 2014, the ministry moved out from its building from the previous one at Boai Building in Zhongzheng District to the current one in Dazhi area at Zhongshan District, where it houses the Air Force Command Headquarters, Navy Command Headquarters and Hengshan Military Command Center.[2] The completion of the building had been delayed for nearly two decades due to the compound original architecture and the bankruptcy of the project's original contractor. The planning for the new building and relocation had been done since 1997.[3] The official ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on 27 December 2014.[4]

Headquarter building[edit]

ROC Ministry of National Defense headquarters

The headquarter building of the military is located in Dazhi area of Zhongshan District in Taipei. The 8-story main building was constructed at a cost of NT$15.8 billion, spreading over 19.5 hectares of area, which houses office buildings, dormitories and other facilities, such as post office, barbershop, sports center, conference hall and sport center to accommodate its 3,000 military personnel stationed there. It also includes several annex buildings around.[5]

Security features of the building including fingerprint and eye scanners that restrict access to certain areas, sensors that can detect vehicles in the unauthorized areas and that may carry explosives and bollards on the compound to block unauthorized vehicles. The compound also has eco-friendly features, such as stone walls, aluminum and low-emission exterior glass panels. The central air conditioning system is provided by ice storage system to reduce peak load electricity demand. The building also has rainwater collecting facilities which can store up to 1,000 tons of water, complete with its waste water treatment and filtering systems.[4]

Budget[edit]

The current annual defense budget for Taiwan is NT$320 billion.[6]

Organizational structure[edit]

Air Force Command Headquarters
National Defense Procurement Office

Military institutions[edit]

  • Armed Forces Reserve Command (後備指揮部)
  • Military Police Command (憲兵指揮部)

Military authorities[edit]

  • Army Command Headquarters (陸軍司令部)
  • Navy Command Headquarters (海軍司令部)
  • Air Force Command Headquarters (空軍司令部)

Headquarter departments[edit]

  • Department of Strategic Planning (戰略規劃司)
  • Department of Resources Planning (資源規劃司)
  • Department of Military Justice (法律事務司)
  • Department of Integrated Assessment (整合評估司)
  • Office of the Inspector General (總督察長室)
  • All-out Defense Mobilization Office (全民防衛動員室)
  • National Defense Procurement Office (國防採購室)
  • National Defense Technology Division (國防科技處, after 1 January 2017)[7]
  • Administration Office (政務辦公室)
  • Personnel Office (人事室)
  • Ethics Office (政風室)
  • Accounting Office (主計室)

Secondary or Affiliated authorities[edit]

General Staff Headquarters[edit]

  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Personnel (人事參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Intelligence (情報參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Operations and Planning (作戰及計畫參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Logistics (後勤參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Communications, Electronics and Information (通信電子資訊參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Training (訓練參謀次長室)[8]
  • Communication Development Office (電訊發展室)
  • Missile Command of the General Staff (參謀本部飛彈指揮部)

List of Ministers of War[edit]

Duan Qirui, the 1st Minister of War

1. 歷代陸軍總長:

1. 歷代軍政部長:

2. 歷代海軍總長:

2. 歷代海軍部長:

3. 歷代參謀總長:

3. 歷代參謀總長:

4. 歷代訓練總監部長:

4. 歷代軍事參議院長:

List of Ministers of National Defence and Chiefs of the General Staff[edit]

Pai Chung-hsi, the 1st Minister of National Defense
Feng Shih-kuan, the incumbent Minister of National Defense

Political Party:   Kuomintang   Non-partisan   Democratic Progressive Party
Service branch:   Army   Navy   Air Force   Civilian

Ministers of National Defense[edit]

For ministers that retired from the Armed Forces to serve, the Service column denotes their military branch before retirement.

Portrait Name Term of Office[9] Days Political Party Service Premier
1 Minister1.jpg Bai Chongxi (白崇禧) 23 May 1946 2 June 1948 741 Kuomintang Army T. V. Soong
Chiang Kai-shek
Chang Ch'ün
Weng Wenhao
2 Hyy.png He Yingqin (何應欽) 3 June 1948 21 December 1948 201 Kuomintang Army Weng Wenhao
Sun Fo
3 Xu Yongchang.jpg Xu Yongchang (徐永昌) 22 December 1948 30 April 1949 129 Kuomintang Army Sun Fo
He Yingqin
4 Hyy.png He Yingqin (何應欽) 1 May 1949 11 June 1949 41 Kuomintang Army He Yingqin
Yan Xishan
5 Yan Xishan.png Yan Xishan (閻錫山) 12 June 1949 31 January 1950 233 Kuomintang Army Yan Xishan
6 Guzutong.jpg Gu Zhutong (顧祝同) 1 February 1950 31 March 1950 58 Kuomintang Army Yan Xishan
Chen Cheng I
7 Defense Minister Yu Ta-wei 國防部長俞大維 (U.S. Navy 7th Fleet Commander Vice Admiral Thomas H. Moorer calls on ROC Defense Minister Yu Ta-wei 美國海軍第七艦隊司令穆勒中將拜會國防部長俞大維).jpg Yu Ta-wei (俞大維)(1897-1993) 1 April 1950 28 February 1951 333 Independent Army Chen Cheng I
8 Guo Jijiao2.jpg Kuo Chi-chiao (郭寄嶠)(1902-1998) 1 March 1951 31 May 1954 1187 Kuomintang Army Chen Cheng I
9 Defense Minister Yu Ta-wei 國防部長俞大維 (U.S. Navy 7th Fleet Commander Vice Admiral Thomas H. Moorer calls on ROC Defense Minister Yu Ta-wei 美國海軍第七艦隊司令穆勒中將拜會國防部長俞大維).jpg Yu Ta-wei (俞大維)(1897-1993) 1 June 1954 13 January 1965 3879 Independent Army Chen Cheng I
Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng II
Yen Chia-kan
10 ChiangChingkuo photo.jpg Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國) 14 January 1965 30 June 1969 1628 Kuomintang Army Yen Chia-kan
11 Huang Chieh 黃杰.jpg Huang Chieh (黄杰) 1 July 1969 31 May 1972 1065 Kuomintang Army Yen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
12 Chen Ta-ching 陳大慶.jpg Chen Ta-ching (陳大慶) 1 June 1972 30 June 1973 394 Kuomintang Army Chiang Ching-kuo
13 Kao Kuei-yuan 高魁元.jpg Kao Kuei-yuan (高魁元)(1907-2012) 1 July 1973 19 November 1981 3063 Kuomintang Army Chiang Ching-kuo
Sun Yun-suan
14 Song Chang-chih 宋長志.jpg Sung Chang-chih (宋長志)(1916-2002) 1 December 1981 30 June 1986 1672 Kuomintang Navy Sun Yun-suan
Yu Kuo-hua
15 Wang Daoyuan (汪道淵)(1913-2011) 1 July 1986 28 April 1987 301 Kuomintang Civilian Yu Kuo-hua
16 Cheng Wei-yuan 鄭為元.jpg Cheng Wei-yuan (鄭為元)(1913-1993) 29 April 1987 4 December 1989 950 Kuomintang Army Yu Kuo-hua
Lee Huan
17 Hau Pei-tsun from VOA (1).jpg Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村) 5 December 1989 31 May 1991 542 Kuomintang Army Lee Huan
18 Chen Li-an (陳履安) 1 June 1991 26 February 1993 636 Kuomintang Civilian Hau Pei-tsun
Lien Chan
19 Sun Chen (孫震) 27 February 1993 15 December 1994 656 Kuomintang Civilian Lien Chan
20 Chiang Chung-ling 蔣仲苓.jpg Chiang Chung-ling (蔣仲苓) 16 December 1994 31 January 1999 1507 Kuomintang Army Lien Chan
Vincent Siew
21 Tang Fei 唐飛.jpg Tang Fei (唐飛) 1 February 1999 19 May 2000 473 Kuomintang Air Force Vincent Siew
22 Wu Shih-wen 伍世文.jpg Wu Shih-wen (伍世文) 20 May 2000 31 January 2002 621 Kuomintang Navy Tang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung I
23 Tang Yao-ming 湯曜明.jpg Tang Yao-ming (湯曜明)(1938-) 1 February 2002 19 May 2004 838 Kuomintang[10] Army Yu Shyi-kun
24 Lee Jye 李傑.jpg Lee Jye (李傑) 20 May 2004 19 May 2007 1094 Independent[11] Navy Yu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang
25 Lee Tien-yu 李天羽.jpg Lee Tien-yu (李天羽) 20 May 2007 24 February 2008 280 Kuomintang Air Force Su Tseng-chang
Chang Chun-hsiung II
26 前國防部部長蔡明憲 (cropped).jpg Michael Tsai (蔡明憲) 25 February 2008 19 May 2008 84 Democratic Progressive Party Civilian Chang Chun-hsiung II
27 Voa chinese Chen Chao-min 30sep08.jpg Chen Chao-min (陳肇敏) 20 May 2008 9 September 2009 477 Kuomintang Air Force Liu Chao-shiuan
28 Kao Hua-chu.jpg Kao Hua-chu (高華柱) 10 September 2009 31 July 2013 1420 Kuomintang Army Wu Den-yih
Sean Chen
Jiang Yi-huah
29 Andrew Yang.jpg Andrew Yang (楊念祖) 1 August 2013 7 August 2013 6 Independent Civilian Jiang Yi-huah
30 Yen Ming from VOA.jpg Yen Ming (嚴明) 8 August 2013 30 January 2015 540 Kuomintang Air Force Jiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
31 Minister Kao Kuang-chi 高廣圻部長 - 立法院考察漢光32號演習電腦輔助指揮所演習 (46).jpg Kao Kuang-chi (高廣圻) 31 January 2015 19 May 2016 474 Kuomintang Navy Mao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
32 Feng Shih-kuan 馮世寬 (20170308 國家中山科學研究院研發展示館開幕 201703081521581).jpg Feng Shih-kuan (馮世寬) 20 May 2016 Incumbent 432 Independent[12] Air Force Lin Chuan

Chiefs of the General Staff[edit]

Portrait Name Term of Office Days Service
1 Chen Cheng.jpg Chen Cheng (陳誠) 23 May 1946 12 May 1948 720 Army
2 Gu Zhutong photo 1962.jpg Gu Zhutong (顧祝同) 13 May 1948 24 March 1950 680 Army
3 Zhou Zhirou 1950.jpg Zhou Zhi-rou (周至柔) 25 March 1950 30 June 1954 1558 Air Force
4 Gui Yongqing.jpg Gui Yong-qing (桂永清) 1 July 1954 17 August 1954[13] 47 Navy
5 Peng Mengji (cropped).jpg Peng Meng-ji (彭孟緝) 18 August 1954 30 June 1957 1047 Army
6 Wang Shuming.jpg Wang Shu-ming (王叔銘) 1 July 1957 30 June 1959 729 Air Force
7 Peng Mengji (cropped).jpg Peng Meng-ji (彭孟緝) 1 July 1959 30 June 1965 2191 Army
8 Admiral Ni Yue-si 海軍總司令黎玉璽上將 (U.S. Navy 7th Fleet Commander Vice Admiral Thomas H. Moorer calls on ROC Defense Minister Yu Ta-wei 美國海軍第七艦隊司令穆勒中將拜會國防部長俞大維).jpg Ni Yue-si (黎玉璽) 1 July 1965 30 June 1967 729 Navy
9 General (ROCA) Kao Kuei-yuan 陸軍上將高魁元.jpg Kao Kuei-yuan (高魁元) 1 July 1965 30 June 1970 1825 Army
10 General Lai Ming-Tang (cropped from KN-C18442. Meeting with and Luncheon in Honor of Chen Cheng, Vice President of the Republic of China).jpg Lai Ming-tang (賴名湯) 1 July 1970 30 June 1976 2191 Air Force
11 Admiral (ROCN) Song Chang-chih 海軍上將宋長志 201611221741 119992.png Song Chang-chih (宋長志) 1 July 1976 30 November 1981 1978 Navy
12 General (ROCA) Hau Pei-tsun 陸軍上將郝柏村.jpg Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村) 1 December 1981 4 December 1989 2925 Army
13 Air Force (ROCAF) Senior General Chen Hsing-ling 空軍一級上將陳燊齡.png Chen Hsing-ling (陳燊齡) 5 December 1989 4 December 1991 729 Air Force
14 Admiral (ROCN) Liu Ho-chien 海軍上將劉和謙 201611221821 114287.png Liu Ho-chien (劉和謙) 5 December 1991 30 June 1995 1303 Navy
15 Senior General (ROCA) Luo Ben-li 陸軍一級上將羅本立.jpg Luo Ben-li (羅本立) 1 July 1995 4 March 1998 977 Army
16 Senior General (ROCAF) Tang Fei 空軍一級上將唐飛.jpg Tang Fei (唐飛) 5 March 1998 31 January 1999 332 Air Force
17 Senior General (ROCA) Tang Yao-ming 陸軍一級上將湯曜明.jpg Tang Yao-ming (湯曜明) 1 February 1999 31 January 2002 1095 Army
18 201611221831 452561 Admiral (ROCN) Lee Jye 海軍總司令李傑上將.png Lee Jye (李傑) 1 February 2002 19 May 2004 838 Navy
19 Senior General (ROCAF) Lee Tien-yu 空軍一級上將李天羽.jpg Lee Tien-yu (李天羽) 20 May 2004 31 January 2007 986 Air Force
20 Senior General Huo Shou-yeh 陸軍一級上將霍守業.jpg Huo Shou-yeh (霍守業) 1 February 2007 4 February 2009 734 Army
21 Senior Admiral Lin Chen-yi 海軍一級上將林鎮夷.jpg Lin Chen-yi (林鎮夷) 5 February 2009 16 January 2013 1441 Navy
22 General (ROCAF) Yen Ming 空軍上將嚴明.jpg Yen Ming (嚴明) 17 January 2013 7 August 2013 202 Air Force
23 Admiral (ROCN) Kao Kuang-chi 海軍上將高廣圻.jpg Kao Kuang-chi (高廣圻) 8 August 2013 30 January 2015 540 Navy
24 (cropped) Chief of the ROCA General Yen Teh-fa Opening Speech in ROCMA Open Day 20140531.jpg Yen Teh-fa (嚴德發) 31 January 2015 30 November 2016 907 Army
25 Army (ROCA) General Chiu Kuo-cheng 陸軍上將邱國正 (03.29 總統主持「中華民國106年向先祖暨忠烈殉職人員致祭」 33328174510 27b5a8e266 o).jpg Chiu Kuo-cheng (邱國正) 1 December 2016 28 April 2017[14] 237 Army
26 (Cropped) Promotion of Lee Hsi-ming to Admiral 李喜明晉任海軍上將 (20150130 總統主持國軍重要幹部晉任布達授階典禮).png Lee Hsi-ming (李喜明) 28 April 2017[14] Incumbent 89 Navy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Pike. "Ministry of National Defense". globalsecurity.org. 
  2. ^ "Defense Ministry's new compound to be officially opened Dec. 8". focustaiwan.tw. 
  3. ^ "Defense minister raises flag at new ministry compound". focustaiwan.tw. 
  4. ^ a b "Defense Ministry's new headquarters officially opens". cna.com.tw. 
  5. ^ "Taipei military complex opened". taipeitimes.com. 
  6. ^ "Difficult to set defense budget at 3% of GDP: premier - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS". 
  7. ^ http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2016/10/12/2003656993
  8. ^ "MND Organization" (PDF). Ministry of National Defense, ROC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-31. 
  9. ^ 歷任部長 [Past Ministers]. mnd.gov.tw (in Chinese). Ministry of Nat'l Defense. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  10. ^ Membership suspended.
  11. ^ KMT membership revoked.
  12. ^ Left KMT.
  13. ^ Died in office.
  14. ^ a b 陳建興 (2017-04-28). "馮部長主持參謀總長任職布達 李喜明上將接任" (in Chinese). 軍聞社 (Military News Agency). Archived from the original on 2017-04-28. Retrieved 2017-04-29. 

External links[edit]