Ministry of National Defense (Republic of China)

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Ministry of National Defense
國防部
Guófángbù
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg
Flag of the Ministry of National Defense
ROC Ministry of National Defense Seal.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of National Defense
Agency overview
Formed 1912 (as Ministry of War)
1946 (as MND)
Jurisdiction  Republic of China
Headquarters Zhongshan District, Taipei City, Republic of China
Ministers responsible
Parent agency Executive Yuan
Website www.mnd.gov.tw

The Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (MND; Chinese: 中華民國國防部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guófángbù) is a cabinet-level agency under the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China responsible for all defense and military affairs of Taiwan. The MND is currently headed by Minister Feng Shih-kuan.

History[edit]

ROC Ministry of National Defense former headquarters

The MND was originally established as Ministry of War in 1912 at the creation of the Republic of China. It was changed to the Ministry of National Defense in 1946. The Law of National Defense and the Organic Law of the ministry were officially promulgated for implementation on 1 March 2002.[1]

On 8 December 2014, the ministry moved out from its building from the previous one at Zhongzheng District to the current one in Dazhi area at Zhongshan District, where it houses the Air Force Command Headquarters, Navy Command Headquarters and Hengshan Military Command Center.[2] The completion of the building had been delayed for nearly two decades due to the compound original architecture and the bankruptcy of the project's original contractor. The planning for the new building and relocation had been done since 1997.[3] The official ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on 27 December 2014.[4]

Headquarter building[edit]

ROC Ministry of National Defense headquarters

The headquarter building of the military is located in Dazhi area of Zhongshan District in Taipei. The 8-story main building was constructed at a cost of NT$15.8 billion, spreading over 19.5 hectares of area, which houses office buildings, dormitories and other facilities, such as post office, barbershop, sports center, conference hall and sport center to accommodate its 3,000 military personnel stationed there. It also includes several annex buildings around.[5]

Security features of the building including fingerprint and eye scanners that restrict access to certain areas, sensors that can detect vehicles in the unauthorized areas and that may carry explosives and bollards on the compound to block unauthorized vehicles. The compound also has eco-friendly features, such as stone walls, aluminum and low-emission exterior glass panels. The central air conditioning system is provided by ice storage system to reduce peak load electricity demand. The building also has rainwater collecting facilities which can store up to 1,000 tons of water, complete with its waste water treatment and filtering systems.[4]

Budget[edit]

The current annual defense budget for Taiwan is NT$320 billion.[6]

Organizational structure[edit]

Air Force Command Headquarters
Procurement Office

Military institutions[edit]

  • Armed Forces Reserve Command (後備指揮部)
  • Military Police Command (憲兵指揮部)

Military authorities[edit]

  • Army Command Headquarters (陸軍司令部)
  • Navy Command Headquarters (海軍司令部)
  • Air Force Command Headquarters (空軍司令部)

Headquarter departments[edit]

  • Department of Strategic Planning
  • Department of Resources Planning
  • Department of Military Justice
  • Department of Integrated Assessment
  • Office of the Inspector General
  • All-out Defense Mobilization Office
  • Procurement Office
  • Administration Office
  • Personnel Office
  • Ethics Office
  • Accounting Office

Secondary or Affiliated authorities[edit]

General Staff Headquarters[edit]

  • Office for Personnel of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff
  • Office for Intelligence of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff
  • Office for Operations and Planning of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff
  • Office for Logistics of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff
  • Office for Communications, Electronics and Information of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff
  • Office for Training of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff [7]
  • Informative and Electronic Operations Command of the General Staff
  • Missile Command of the General Staff

List of Ministers of War[edit]

Duan Qirui, the 1st Minister of War

1. 歷代陸軍總長:

1. 歷代軍政部長:

2. 歷代海軍總長:

2. 歷代海軍部長:

3. 歷代參謀總長:

3. 歷代參謀總長:

4. 歷代訓練總監部長:

4. 歷代軍事參議院長:

List of Ministers of National Defence and Chiefs of the General Staff[edit]

Pai Chung-hsi, the 1st Minister of National Defense

Political Party:       Kuomintang       Non-partisan       Democratic Progressive Party
Service branch:       Army       Navy       Air Force       Civilian

Minister of National Defense (歷代國防部長)[edit]

Portrait Name Term of Office Days Political Party Service Premier
1 Minister1.jpg Bai Chongxi (白崇禧) 23 May 1946 2 June 1948 741 Kuomintang Army T. V. Soong
Chiang Kai-shek
Chang Ch'ün
Weng Wenhao
2 Hyy.png He Yingqin (何應欽) 3 June 1948 21 December 1948 201 Kuomintang Army Weng Wenhao
Sun Fo
3 Xu Yongchang.jpg Xu Yongchang (徐永昌) 22 December 1948 30 April 1949 129 Kuomintang Army Sun Fo
He Yingqin
4 Hyy.png He Yingqin (何應欽) 1 May 1949 11 June 1949 41 Kuomintang Army He Yingqin
Yan Xishan
5 Yan Xishan.png Yan Xishan (閻錫山) 12 June 1949 31 January 1950 233 Kuomintang Army Yan Xishan
6 Guzutong.jpg Gu Zhutong (顧祝同) 1 February 1950 31 March 1950 58 Kuomintang Army Yan Xishan
Chen Cheng I
7 交通部長俞大維報告.jpg Yu Ta-wei (俞大維) 1 April 1950 28 February 1951 333 Independent Army Chen Cheng I
8 Guo Jijiao2.jpg Kuo Chi-chiao (郭寄嶠) 1 March 1951 31 May 1954 1187 Kuomintang Army Chen Cheng I
9 交通部長俞大維報告.jpg Yu Ta-wei (俞大維) 1 June 1954 13 January 1965 3879 Independent Army Chen Cheng I
Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng II
Yen Chia-kan
10 Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國) 14 January 1965 30 June 1969 1628 Kuomintang Army Yen Chia-kan
11 Huang Chieh (黄杰) 1 July 1969 31 May 1972 1065 Kuomintang Army Yen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
12 Chen Ta-ching (陳大慶) 1 June 1972 30 June 1973 394 Kuomintang Army Chiang Ching-kuo
13 Kao Kuei-yuan (高魁元) 1 July 1973 19 November 1981 3063 Kuomintang Army Chiang Ching-kuo
Sun Yun-suan
14 Sung Chang-chih (宋長志) 1 December 1981 30 June 1986 1672 Kuomintang Navy Sun Yun-suan
Yu Kuo-hua
15 Wang Daoyuan (汪道淵) 1 July 1986 28 April 1987 301 Kuomintang Civilian Yu Kuo-hua
16 Cheng Wei-yuan (鄭為元) 29 April 1987 4 December 1989 950 Kuomintang Army Yu Kuo-hua
Lee Huan
17 Hau Pei-tsun from VOA (1).jpg Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村) 5 December 1989 30 May 1990 176 Kuomintang Army Lee Huan
18 Chen Li-an (陳履安) 1 June 1990 26 February 1993 1001 Kuomintang Civilian Hau Pei-tsun
Lien Chan
19 Sun Chen (孫震) 27 February 1993 15 December 1994 656 Kuomintang Civilian Lien Chan
20 Chiang Chung-ling (蔣仲苓) 16 December 1994 31 January 1999 1507 Kuomintang Army Lien Chan
Vincent Siew
21 Tang Fei (唐飛) 1 February 1999 19 May 2000 473 Kuomintang Air Force Vincent Siew
22 Wu Shih-wen (伍世文) 20 May 2000 31 January 2002 621 Kuomintang Navy Tang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung I
23 Tang Yao-ming (湯曜明) 1 February 2002 19 May 2004 838 Kuomintang[8] Army Yu Shyi-kun
24 Lee Jye (李傑) 20 May 2004 19 May 2007 1094 Independent[9] Navy Yu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang
25 Lee Tien-yu (李天羽) 20 May 2007 24 February 2008 280 Kuomintang Air Force Su Tseng-chang
Chang Chun-hsiung II
26 Michael Tsai (蔡明憲) 25 February 2008 19 May 2008 84 Democratic Progressive Party Civilian Chang Chun-hsiung II
27 Voa chinese Chen Chao-min 30sep08.jpg Chen Chao-min (陳肇敏) 20 May 2008 9 September 2009 477 Kuomintang Air Force Liu Chao-shiuan
28 Kao Hua-chu.jpg Kao Hua-chu (高華柱) 10 September 2009 31 July 2013 1420 Kuomintang Army Wu Den-yih
Sean Chen
Jiang Yi-huah
29 Andrew Yang.jpg Andrew Yang (楊念祖) 1 August 2013 7 August 2013 6 Independent Civilian Jiang Yi-huah
30 Yen Ming.jpg Yen Ming (嚴明) 8 August 2013 30 January 2015 540 Independent Air Force Jiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
31 Kao Kuang-chi (高廣圻) 31 January 2015 19 May 2016 474 Independent Navy Mao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
32 Feng Shih-kuan (馮世寬) 20 May 2016 Incumbent 69 Kuomintang[8] Air Force Lin Chuan

Chief of the General Staff (歷代參謀總長)[edit]

Army Gen. Chen Cheng, the 1st Chief of the General Staff
Army Gen. Yen Teh-fa, the incumbent Chief of the General Staff
Name Term of Office Days Service
1 Chen Cheng (陳誠) 23 May 1946 12 May 1948 720 Army
2 Gu Zhutong (顧祝同) 13 May 1948 24 March 1950 680 Army
3 Zhou Zhi-rou (周至柔) 25 March 1950 30 June 1954 1558 Air Force
4 Gui Yong-qing (桂永清) 1 July 1954 17 August 1954[10] 47 Navy
5 Peng Meng-ji (彭孟緝) 18 August 1954 30 June 1957 1047 Army
6 Wang Shu-ming (王叔銘) 1 July 1957 30 June 1959 729 Air Force
7 Peng Meng-ji (彭孟緝) 1 July 1959 30 June 1965 2191 Army
8 Li Yu-xi (黎玉璽) 1 July 1965 30 June 1967 729 Navy
9 Gao Kui-yuan (高魁元) 1 July 1965 30 June 1970 1825 Army
10 Lai Ming-tang (賴名湯) 1 July 1970 30 June 1976 2191 Air Force
11 Song Chang-chih (宋長志) 1 July 1976 30 November 1981 1978 Navy
12 Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村) 1 December 1981 4 December 1989 2925 Army
13 Chen Shen-ling (陳燊齡) 5 December 1989 4 December 1991 729 Air Force
14 Liu He-qian (劉和謙) 5 December 1991 30 June 1995 1303 Navy
15 Luo Ben-li (羅本立) 1 July 1995 4 March 1998 977 Army
16 Tang Fei (唐飛) 5 March 1998 31 January 1999 332 Air Force
17 Tang Yao-ming (湯曜明) 1 February 1999 31 January 2002 1095 Army
18 Lee Jye (李傑) 1 February 2002 19 May 2004 838 Navy
19 Lee Tien-yu (李天羽) 20 May 2004 31 January 2007 986 Air Force
20 Huo Shou-ye (霍守業) 1 February 2007 4 February 2009 734 Army
21 Lin Chen-yi (林鎮夷) 5 February 2009 16 January 2013 1441 Navy
22 Yen Ming (嚴明) 17 January 2013 7 August 2013 202 Air Force
23 Kao Kuang-chi (高廣圻) 8 August 2013 30 January 2015 540 Navy
24 Yen Teh-fa (嚴德發) 31 January 2015 Incumbent 544 Army

Transportation[edit]

The MND building is accessible within walking distance North from Xiaonanmen Station of the Taipei Metro.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]