April 9, 1931|
Yuu-chō, Kuga-Gun, Yamaguchi, Japan
(modern-day Iwakuni, Yamaguchi, Japan)
|Alma mater||Kyoto University, Harvard University|
Asahi Prize (1967)|
Fields Medal (1970)
Order of Culture (1975)
Legion of Honour (2004)
|Doctoral advisor||Oscar Zariski|
Heisuke Hironaka (広中 平祐 Hironaka Heisuke, born April 9, 1931) is a Japanese mathematician. He entered Kyoto University in 1949. After completing his undergraduate studies at Kyoto University, he received his Ph.D. in 1960 from Harvard while under the direction of Oscar Zariski. He was awarded the Fields Medal in 1970.
He is celebrated for proving in 1964 that singularities of algebraic varieties admit resolutions in characteristic zero. This means that any algebraic variety can be replaced by (more precisely is birationally equivalent to) a similar variety which has no singularities. He also introduced Hironaka's example showing that a deformation of Kähler manifolds need not be Kähler. In 2017 he posted to his personal webpage a manuscript that claims to prove the existence of a resolution of singularities in positive characteristic.
Hironaka was for many years a Professor of mathematics at Harvard University (1968-1992) but currently lives in Japan. He held teaching positions at Brandeis University (1960-1963), Columbia University (1964) and Kyoto University (1975-1988). He was a president of Yamaguchi University (1996-2002). He has been active in raising funds for causes such as mathematical education. His daughter, Eriko Hironaka, is also a mathematician and focuses on low-dimensional topology and geometric topology.
List of books available in English
- Formal functions and formal imbeddings / by Heisuke Hironaka and Hideyuki Matsumura (1967)
- On the characters and of singularities / by Heisuke Hironaka
- Introduction to the theory of infinitely near singular points / Heisuke Hironaka (1974)
- The theory of the maximal contact / José M. Aroca, Heisuke Hironaka and José L. Vicente (1975)
- Desingularization theorems / Jose M. Aroca, Heisuke Hironaka and Jose L. Vicente (1977)
- Geometric singularity theory / editors of the volume, Heisuke Hironaka, Stanisław Janeczko (2004)
- "Meet the 2011 Centennial Medalists". Harvard Magazine. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- "GSAS ALUMNI". Harvard College. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- "Fields Medallists". Kyoto University. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Hironaka, Heisuke (1964), "Resolution of Singularities of an Algebraic Variety Over a Field of Characteristic Zero: I", Annals of Mathematics, 79: 109–203, doi:10.2307/1970486, JSTOR 1970486
- Hironaka, Heisuke (1962), "An example of a non-Kählerian complex-analytic deformation of Kählerian complex structures.", Annals of Mathematics, 75: 190–208, doi:10.2307/1970426, JSTOR 1970426
- "Resolution of singularities in positive characteristics" (PDF). Harvard University. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- "Professor Emeritus". Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- "Former President of Yamaguchi University". Yamaguchi University. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Heisuke Hironaka at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Heisuke Hironaka", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Jackson, Allyn; Interview with Heisuke Hironaka; Notices of the American Mathematical Society; vol. 52, no. 9 (October 2005).