Artur Avila

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Artur Avila
Artur Ávila (cropped).jpg
Born
Artur Avila Cordeiro de Melo

(1979-06-29) 29 June 1979 (age 40)
ResidenceRio de Janeiro, Brazil
Paris, France
Citizenship
  • Brazil
  • France
[1]
EducationInstituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada (PhD and MS)
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (BS)
Known forDynamical systems
Spectral theory
Zorich–Kontsevich conjecture
Ten martini problem
AwardsFields Medal (2014)
TWAS Prize (2013)
Michael Brin Prize in Dynamical Systems (2011)
EMS Prize (2008)
Salem Prize (2006)
Gold medal at the International Mathematical Olympiad (1995)
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics
InstitutionsUniversity of Zurich
IMPA, CNRS
Paris Diderot University (Paris 7)
Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada
ThesisBifurcações de tranformações unimodais sob os pontos de vistas topológico e métrico (2001)
Doctoral advisorWelington de Melo

Artur Avila Cordeiro de Melo (born 29 June 1979) is a Brazilian and French mathematician working primarily on dynamical systems and spectral theory. He is one of the winners of the 2014 Fields Medal,[2] being the first Latin American to win such an award. He has been a researcher at both the IMPA and the CNRS (working a half-year in each one). Since September 2018 he is a professor at the University of Zurich.

Biography[edit]

At the age of 16, Avila won a gold medal at the 1995 International Mathematical Olympiad[3] and received a scholarship for the Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada (IMPA) to M.S. while still attending high school in Colégio de São Bento and Colégio Santo Agostinho in Rio de Janeiro.[4] Later he enrolled in the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), earning his B.S in mathematics.[5]

At the age of 19, Avila began writing his doctoral thesis on the theory of dynamical systems. In 2001 he finished it and received his PhD from IMPA. That same year he moved abroad to France to do postdoctoral research.[6] He works with one-dimensional dynamics and holomorphic functions.[7] Since 2003 he has worked as a researcher for the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in France, later becoming a research director in 2008. His post-doctoral supervisor was Jean-Christophe Yoccoz.[8]

Mathematical work[edit]

In march 2005, at age 26, Avila became known amongst mathematicians for proving the "Conjecture of the ten martinis", a problem proposed in 1980 by the American mathematical physicist Barry Simon. Simon promised to pay ten martini doses to whoever explained his theory about the behavior of "Schrödinger operators", mathematical tools related to quantum physics. Artur solved the problem along with mathematician Svetlana Jitomirskaya[9][10] and was rewarded with a few rounds of martini. Avila four months later proved the Zorich–Kontsevich conjecture that the non-trivial Lyapunov exponents of the Teichmüller flow on the moduli space of Abelian differentials on compact Riemann surfaces are all distinct together with Marcelo Viana.[11]

Honours and recognition[edit]

Four Fields medallists left to right (Artur Avila, Martin Hairer (at back), Maryam Mirzakhani, with Maryam's daughter Anahita) and Manjul Bhargava at the ICM 2014 in Seoul

Later, as a research mathematician, he received in 2006 a CNRS Bronze Medal as well as the Salem Prize, and was a Clay Research Fellow. He became the youngest professorial fellow (directeur de recherches) at the CNRS in 2008. The same year, he was awarded one of the ten prestigious European Mathematical Society prizes, and in 2009 he won the Grand Prix Jacques Herbrand from the French Academy of Sciences.[citation needed] In 2017 he gave the Łojasiewicz Lecture (on the "One-frequency Schrödinger operators and the almost reducibility conjecture") at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków.[12]

He was a plenary speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in 2010.[13] In 2011, he was awarded the Michael Brin Prize in Dynamical Systems. He received the Early Career Award from the International Association of Mathematical Physics in 2012,[14] TWAS Prize in 2013[15] and the Fields Medal in 2014.[16]

He was elected a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Sciences in April 2019.[17]

Diplomas, titles and awards[edit]

Extra-academic distinctions[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e http://www.math.jussieu.fr/~artur/cur.pdf
  2. ^ Alex Bellos (13 August 2014). "Fields Medals 2014: the maths of Avila, Bhargava, Hairer and Mirzakhani explained". The Guardian.
  3. ^ Web-site of the International Mathematical Olympiad: Brazil at the 36th IMO (1995)
  4. ^ Talarico, Bruna (16 January 2010), "Gênio da matemática carioca", O Dia Online (in Portuguese), archived from the original on 22 January 2010
  5. ^ Moreira Salles, João (January 2010), "Artur tem um problema", Piauí (in Portuguese), archived from the original on 30 June 2015
  6. ^ Vanessa Fajardo (12 August 2014). "Pesquisador brasileiro ganha prêmio equivalente a 'Nobel' de matemática" (in Portuguese). Grupo Globo.
  7. ^ "Artur Avila". Clay Mathematics Institute.
  8. ^ Thomas Lin; Erica Klarreich (12 August 2014). "Brazilian Wunderkind Who Calms Chaos". Quanta Magazine.
  9. ^ "Solving the Ten Martini Problem" (PDF) (in Portuguese).
  10. ^ Avila, Artur; Jitomirskaya, Svetlana (2005). "Solving the Ten Martini Problem". The Ten Martini Problem. Lecture Notes in Physics. 690. pp. 5–16. arXiv:math/0503363. doi:10.1007/3-540-34273-7_2. ISBN 978-3-540-31026-6.
  11. ^ Avila, Artur; Jitomirskaya, Svetlana (2005). "Simplicity of Lyapunov spectra: Proof of the Zorich-Kontsevich conjecture". arXiv:math/0508508.
  12. ^ a b "2017 Lecture - Institute of Mathematics of the Jagiellonian University". www.im.uj.edu.pl. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b "ICM Plenary and Invited Speakers since 1897". International Congress of Mathematicians.
  14. ^ a b The IAMP Early Career Award
  15. ^ a b "Prizes and Awards". The World Academy of Sciences. 2016.
  16. ^ 2014 IMU Prize Winners
  17. ^ a b "2019 NAS Election". National Academy of Sciences. 30 April 2019.
  18. ^ a b c "brasileiro-ganha-medalha-fields". OBM - Olimpíada Brasileira de Matemática. 4 July 2019.
  19. ^ "Artur Ávila Cordeiro de Melo". International Mathematical Olympiad. 4 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Graus de Doutor concedidos em 2001". IMPA. 4 July 2019.
  21. ^ "Thomas Wolff Memorial Lectures in Mathematics". Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy (PMA) - Caltech. 3 July 2019.
  22. ^ "The 5th European Congress of Mathematics". Fondation Sciences Mathématiques de Paris. 3 July 2019.
  23. ^ "Artur Avila and Dynamics". Fondation Sciences Mathématiques de Paris. 4 July 2019.
  24. ^ "Un événement quadriennal : Le congrès international des mathématiciens" (PDF). Société de Mathématiques Appliquées et Industrielles. 3 July 2019.
  25. ^ "Blyth Lecture Series". University of Toronto. 3 July 2019.
  26. ^ Bellos, Alex (13 August 2014), "Fields Medals 2014: the maths of Avila, Bhargava, Hairer and Mirzakhani explained", The Guardian, Among his [Avila's] previous honors are ... the Michael Brin Prize (2011).
  27. ^ "SBM Prize". Brazilian Mathematical Society. 3 July 2019.
  28. ^ "Bellow Lecture Series". Northwestern University. 3 July 2019.
  29. ^ "TWAS-Lenovo Science Prize". The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS). 3 July 2019.
  30. ^ "Academia Brasileira de Ciências empossa novos membros". Agencia FAPESP. 4 July 2019.
  31. ^ "Legión de Honor en Francia para enfermera con ébola, Modiano y Piketty". YAHOO! Noticias. 4 July 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]