Huan County

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Huan County
环县
Huan in Qingyang
Huan in Qingyang
Qingyang in Gansu
Qingyang in Gansu
Coordinates: 36°34′06″N 107°18′31″E / 36.5684°N 107.3085°E / 36.5684; 107.3085Coordinates: 36°34′06″N 107°18′31″E / 36.5684°N 107.3085°E / 36.5684; 107.3085
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Prefecture-level cityQingyang
Area
 • County9,236 km2 (3,566 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,089 m (6,854 ft)
Lowest elevation
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • County316,703
 • Density34/km2 (89/sq mi)
 • Urban
60,600
 • Rural
304,400
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
745700
Websitewww.huanxian.gov.cn

Huan County or Huanxian (simplified Chinese: 环县; traditional Chinese: 環縣; pinyin: Huán Xiàn) is an administrative district in eastern Gansu province, China at the junction of three provinces: Gansu, Shaanxi to the northeast, and Ningxia to the west and northwest. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Qingyang.

Its postal code is 745700, and the population in 2019 was 316703.[1]

Huanxian is known as one of the first places in China where agriculture was practiced. It was part of ancient Yongzhou. In 994 it was known as Huanzhou. In 1369 it became known as Huanxian. In 1669 Huanxian and the governing Qingyang were transferred from Shaanxi to Gansu.[2]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Huan County is divided to 10 towns, 10 townships and 1 other.[3]

Towns
  • Huancheng (环城镇)
  • Quzi (曲子镇)
  • Tianshui (甜水镇)
  • Mubo (木钵镇)
  • Hongde (洪德镇)
  • Hedao (合道镇)
  • Hudong (虎洞镇)
  • Maojing (毛井镇)
  • Fanjiachuan (樊家川镇)
  • Chedao (车道镇)
Townships
  • Tianchi Township(天池乡)
  • Yanwu Township(演武乡)
  • Bazhu Township(八珠乡)
  • Gengwan Township(耿湾乡)
  • Qintuanzhuang Township(秦团庄乡)
  • Shancheng Township(山城乡)
  • Nanqiu Township(南湫乡)
  • Luoshanchuan Township(罗山川乡)
  • Xiaonangou Township(小南沟乡)
  • Lujiawan Township(芦家湾乡)
Others
  • Siheyuan Tourism Development Office(Siheyuan Tourism Development Office)

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Huanxian (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
18.8
(65.8)
27.8
(82.0)
35.1
(95.2)
35.1
(95.2)
37.1
(98.8)
38.6
(101.5)
35.0
(95.0)
34.8
(94.6)
28.1
(82.6)
22.4
(72.3)
15.8
(60.4)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
5.3
(41.5)
11.3
(52.3)
18.8
(65.8)
24.0
(75.2)
27.9
(82.2)
29.3
(84.7)
27.0
(80.6)
22.1
(71.8)
15.9
(60.6)
9.4
(48.9)
3.3
(37.9)
16.3
(61.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.1
(39.4)
11.2
(52.2)
16.7
(62.1)
20.8
(69.4)
22.7
(72.9)
20.7
(69.3)
15.7
(60.3)
9.1
(48.4)
1.8
(35.2)
−4.3
(24.3)
9.2
(48.6)
Average low °C (°F) −11.9
(10.6)
−7.8
(18.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.4
(39.9)
9.9
(49.8)
14.2
(57.6)
17.1
(62.8)
15.8
(60.4)
10.9
(51.6)
4.0
(39.2)
−3.8
(25.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
3.4
(38.2)
Record low °C (°F) −24.9
(−12.8)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−16.5
(2.3)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
6.2
(43.2)
10.4
(50.7)
6.2
(43.2)
0.5
(32.9)
−9.3
(15.3)
−17.1
(1.2)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−25.1
(−13.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.6
(0.10)
4.0
(0.16)
11.2
(0.44)
22.2
(0.87)
43.0
(1.69)
57.4
(2.26)
82.8
(3.26)
91.8
(3.61)
55.6
(2.19)
29.0
(1.14)
8.0
(0.31)
2.0
(0.08)
409.6
(16.11)
Average relative humidity (%) 53 51 50 47 50 56 65 72 73 70 61 54 59
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[4]

Economy[edit]

Huanxian has extensive coal resources and home to the Changqing Oilfield. Several wind farms have also been constructed in Huanxian. It is also an important agricultural base for grains.[2]

The county is considered poor, due to the arid climate making agriculture difficult, and the mountainous terrain hindering transport.[5]

Tourism[edit]

Parts of the Qin Great Wall are located in the south of Huanxian.[2]

Culture[edit]

Huanxian food specialities include lamb meat, Huangjiu, buckwheat noodles, and Yanmian Rourou noodles (Chinese: 燕面柔柔).

Huanxian is also known for its shadow play, which has been listed by UNESCO as intangible cultural heritage.[6][7] It is called the home of shadow theatre in China.[8]

Transportation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2019 Huan County National Economic and Social Development Statistics
  2. ^ a b c "环县概况".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "统计用区划代码 www.stats.gov.cn" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2020-12-27.
  4. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  5. ^ "甘肃环县:种草养羊走对路 "洋洋得意"奔小康-中国法院网". www.chinacourt.org. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  6. ^ "'Magic of the East' Daoqing Shadow Play for Beijing". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-21.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ KL, China Cultural Centre (2021-01-05). "Intangible cultural heritage of Gansu". China Cultural Center Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  8. ^ Tan, Song; 谭松 (2007). Craftworks of China. 五洲传播出版社. ISBN 978-7-5085-1092-7.
  9. ^ 网易 (2021-01-15). "环县、华池县西进省会兰州最便捷的通道G341国道宁夏S50高速的建设现状". www.163.com. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  10. ^ "环县正式跨入高铁新时代-中新网甘肃". www.gs.chinanews.com. Retrieved 2021-04-21.