Lintao County

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Longxi County
County
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Simplified 临洮县
 • Traditional 臨洮縣
 • Pinyin Líntáo Xiàn
Coordinates: 35°22′45.92″N 103°51′23.04″E / 35.3794222°N 103.8564000°E / 35.3794222; 103.8564000
Country China
Province Gansu
Prefecture Dingxi
Population (2011)
 • Total 545,400
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website www.lintao.gov.cn

Lintao County is administratively under the control of Dingxi, Gansu province. In ancient times, Lintao was centered on present day Min County.

Geography[edit]

The county is located mostly on the right (eastern) bank of the Tao River, a right tributary of the Yellow River. It borders with Lanzhou in the northeast, with Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture in the west, and with other parts of Dingxi Prefecture-level City in the east and south.

The county seat of Lintao County is in Taoyang Town (洮陽鎮); as it is usually the case with Chinese county seats, this is the location that most less-detailed maps label as "Lintao County" or simply "Lintao".

History[edit]

Until the 20th century, Lintao was known as Didao (狄道).

The Battle of Didao was fought in the area in 255 CE, during the Three Kingdoms era.

Located at an important Tao River crossing, Didao City (i.e., today's Taoyang Town[1]) was an important trade center during the Northern Song Dynasty (ca. 11-12th century), when the more northern route of the Silk Route was blocked by the Xi Xia state. It is known to have been home to hundreds of foreign merchants at the time, some of whom may have been the ancestors of today's Hui people of Gansu.[2]

Transport[edit]

China National Highway 212 (which, in this area, is simultaneously designated as China National Highway 212) crosses the county from the north to the south, on its way from Lanzhou to south-eastern Gansu. Most of the section of this highway within Lintao County has now been converted to an expressway, designated G75 (Lanhai Expressway).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unless the town has actually been moved at some point since...
  2. ^ Lipman, Jonathan Neaman (1998). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Hong Kong University Press. p. 30. ISBN 962-209-468-6.