Jinchang

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Jinchang
金昌市
Prefecture-level city
20060423105630.jpg
Nickname(s): 'Nickel Capital' (镍都)
Location of Jinchang City jurisdiction in Gansu
Location of Jinchang City jurisdiction in Gansu
Coordinates: 38°29′43″N 102°10′26″E / 38.49528°N 102.17389°E / 38.49528; 102.17389Coordinates: 38°29′43″N 102°10′26″E / 38.49528°N 102.17389°E / 38.49528; 102.17389
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Area
 • Total8,896 km2 (3,435 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total464,050
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-GS-03
Websitewww.jc.gansu.gov.cn

Jinchang (Chinese: 金昌; pinyin: Jīnchāng) is a prefecture-level city in the centre of Gansu province, People's Republic of China, bordering Inner Mongolia to the north.

Geography and climate[edit]

Jinchang City is located in central Gansu province, west of the Yellow River, north of the Qilian Mountains, and south of the Alashan Plateau. The southwest of the city borders Qinghai Province and the northwest borders Inner Mongolia. The area is 8,896 km2 (3,435 sq mi).

History[edit]

Jinchang has important archaeological sites from the stone age, a Western Han site, and sections of the Great Wall from the Han and Qing dynasties.

Administration[edit]

Jinchang has 1 district and 1 county[1][2][3] with a total population of 464,050,[1][4] half of which is urban.

Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Jinchuan District 金川区 Jīnchuān Qū 228,561 3,060 74.69
Yongchang County 永昌县 Yǒngchāng Xiàn 235,489 5,867 40.13

Economy[edit]

The 2002 GDP was 4.5 billion RMB. The average urban income was 8,233 RMB while rural was 3,051 RMB. Agriculture and natural resource based industries are the key to Jinchang's economy. It is called China's 'Nickel Capital' (鎳都) and has an abundance of other mineral resources including quartz, iron, manganese, copper, cobalt, zinc, gold, tungsten, limestone, etc. Here placed Jinchuan Group. The installation of a solar farm in the western part of Jinchang with a rated capacity of 1 GW and of a solar production facility with 300 MW capacity has been announced in May 2012. [5]

Vegetable oil is its primary agricultural product.

Transportation[edit]

Jinchang is served by the Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway and the Jinchang Jinchuan Airport, opened in August 2011.

Tourism[edit]

Cultural sites such as the Han and Qing dynasty Great Walls are popular tourist sites. The relatively undeveloped natural environment is also a draw for tourists.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 金昌市历史沿革 (in Chinese). 17 June 2016. 2010年第六次人口普查,金昌市常住总人口464050人,其中,金川区228561人,永昌县235489人
  2. ^ 2016年统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 统计用区划代码 名称 620301000000 市辖区 620302000000 金川区 620321000000 永昌县
  3. ^ 位置、面积 (in Chinese). Jinchang Government. 16 March 2017. 至2015年,金昌市辖一区一县。 金川区全区总面积3770平方公里,辖宁远堡、双湾两个镇、27个行政村(农村社区)和六个城区街道办事处、16个城市社区。永昌县辖6个镇4个乡,10社区,111个村民委员会
  4. ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010 Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine., 2011-05-09(in Chinese)
  5. ^ http://www.renewable-energy-technology.net/solar/chinese-firm-wins-1-gw-solar-boost-city