Grindavík

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Grindavíkurbær
Skyline of Grindavíkurbær
Skyline of Grindavíkurbær
Coat of arms of Grindavíkurbær
Coat of arms
Location of Grindavíkurbær
Location of Grindavíkurbær
Grindavíkurbær is located in Iceland
Grindavíkurbær
Grindavíkurbær
Location of Grindavíkurbær
Coordinates: 63°50′N 22°26′W / 63.833°N 22.433°W / 63.833; -22.433Coordinates: 63°50′N 22°26′W / 63.833°N 22.433°W / 63.833; -22.433
CountryIceland
RegionSouthern Peninsula
ConstituencySouthwest Constituency
Government
 • MayorFannar Jónasson
Area
 • Total425 km2 (164 sq mi)
Population
 • Total3,300
 • Density6.80/km2 (17.6/sq mi)
Postal code(s)
240
Municipal number2300
Websitegrindavik.is

Grindavík is a fishing town on the Southern Peninsula of Iceland not far from the tuya Þorbjörn.

It is one of the few cities with a harbour on this coast. Most of the inhabitants work in the fishing industry. The Blue Lagoon, Grindavík's premiere attraction, is located 5 kilometres (3 mi) from the town centre.

History[edit]

Grindavík from the air in May 2011.

Landnáma or The Book of Settlements mentions that around 934 two Viking settlers, Molda-Gnúpur Hrólfsson and Þórir Haustmyrkur Vígbjóðsson, arrived in the Reykjanes area. Þórir settled in Selvogur and Krísuvík and Molda-Gnúpur in Grindavík.[1]

The sons of Moldar-Gnúpur established three settlements; Þórkötlustaðahverfi, Járngerðarstaðarhverfi and Staðarhverfi. The modern version of Grindavik is situated mainly in what was Járngerðarstaðarhverfi.

In June 1627 Grindavik was raided by Barbary Pirates in an event known as the Turkish Abductions. Twelve Icelanders and three Danes, along with two vessels were taken, and with captives taken from other Icelandic settlements, transported into slavery in Algiers.[1]

The origins of the municipality can be traced to Einar Einarsson's decision to move there to build and run a shop in 1897. During that time the population was only around 360. Fishing had for centuries been a crucial element in the survival of Grindavik's population, but fishing trips were often dangerous. Men were frequently lost at sea and the catch not always stable. However, when a safer access point to land was created at Hópið in 1939, fishing conditions changed dramatically. From 1950 serious development in the fishing industry had begun to take place. Grindavik was declared a municipality in 1974.

Grindavík harbor

Activities[edit]

A short distance to the north, there is the Blue Lagoon (Icelandic: Bláa Lónið), a geothermal spa using hot and mineralized waters from the nearby Svartsengi power station.

Ungmennafélag Grindavíkur (Umfg) is the town's sport club, and the town contains the Grindavíkurvöllur stadium.

The Leif the Lucky Bridge spans the Álfagjá rift valley that marks the boundary of the Eurasian and North American continental tectonic plates. It was built in 2002 and named in honor of Icelandic explorer Leif Erikson, who travelled from Europe to explore North America 500 years before Columbus.

The Icelandic Saltfish Museum in Grindavík opened in 2002. It displays the story of salt fish production and its importance for the Icelandic economy throughout the centuries in a specially designed building of 650 square metres (7,000 sq ft).[2]

Notable residents[edit]

The Icelandic writer Guðbergur Bergsson was born here, and Kalli Bjarni, the first winner of the Icelandic version of Pop Idol, lives in the town. The Spanish publisher and writer Jaime Salinas Bonmatí, engaged to Guðbergur Bergsson, lived, died and is buried here. Icelandic footballer Alfreð Finnbogason was also born in Grindavík.

Ex-Leeds United footballer, Lee Sharpe, had a spell with Grindavík football club, at the end of his career, c.2006.

Naval Communication Facility[edit]

Near Grindavík, the United States Navy operates Naval Radio Transmitter Facility Grindavik. It uses several antennas, including two guyed masts. The mast situated at 63°51′1″N 22°28′0″W was built in 1993 and is 304.8 metres (1,000 ft) tall. The other mast at 63°51′3″N 22°27′6″W was built in 1983 and is 182.9 metres (600 ft) tall. The taller mast replaced a 243.8 metres (800 ft) mast, and the second replaced a mast of same height.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Grindavík is twinned with:[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hvað gerðist í Tyrkjaráninu?". Vísindavefurinn (in Icelandic). Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  2. ^ Iceland Review. H.J. Hamar. 2005.
  3. ^ "Vinabæir". grindavik.is (in Icelandic). Grindavík. Retrieved 12 February 2020.

External links[edit]