|An Astra SPX (later called the Gulfstream G100) in Düsseldorf, Germany|
|Manufacturer||Israel Aircraft Industries|
|First flight||19 March 1984|
|Primary users||Israeli Air Force
Indian Air Force
|Developed from||IAI Westwind|
The IAI 1125 Astra is an Israel Aircraft Industries-manufactured twin-engine business jet. The Astra evolved from the IAI Westwind. The Astra wing design was modified with a completely new fuselage, creating the Galaxy (later the Gulfstream G200) business jet during the 1990s.
Design and development
Work on an improved Westwind began in the late 1970s, with the first prototype flight on March 19, 1984. The first production Astra flew on March 20, 1985, with FAA certification granted on August 29, 1985 and customer deliveries starting in 1986.
The original 1125 Astra was replaced by the Astra SP, announced in 1989, of which 37 were built. The third variant, Astra SPX, flew in August 1994. This variant was renamed G100 from September 2002 following Gulfstream's acquisition of Galaxy Aerospace, which held the Astra certifications, in May 2001. IAI built G100s in Israel and then flew the completed airframes to the United States for interior outfitting. Production of the G100 was discontinued in 2005 with the introduction of the G150.
- Eritrean Air Force operates one aircraft for VIP transport
- Indian Air Force operates two aircraft for light transport
- Israeli Air Force operates aircraft for VIP transport
Specifications (1125 Astra)
Data from International Directory of Civil Aircraft
- Crew: two
- Capacity: typical seating for six passengers, with maximum seating for nine.
- Length: 16.94 m (55 ft 7 in)
- Wingspan: 16.05 m (52 ft 8 in)
- Height: 5.53 m (18 ft 2 in)
- Wing area: 29.4 m2 (316 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 5,747 kg (12,670 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 10,660 kg (23,501 lb)
- Increased Weight Modification: 11,181 kg (24,650 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Honeywell TFE731 turbofans, 16.2 kN (3,600 lbf) thrust each
- Maximum speed: 672 km/h; 418 mph (363 kn) IAS
- Maximum speed: Mach M0.855
- Cruising speed: 862 km/h (536 mph; 465 kn) TAS
- Range: 5,760 km (3,579 mi; 3,110 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 13,716 m (45,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 18 m/s (3,500 ft/min)
- Related development
- Relman, Paul (December 1993). "IAI Astra: Israel's star-struck biz jet". Air International. Vol. 45 no. 6. pp. 313–319. ISSN 0306-5634.
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