Anderson performing in Milan, Italy
|Birth name||Ian Scott Anderson|
10 August 1947 |
Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
|Origin||Blackpool, Lancashire, England|
|Genres||Progressive rock, folk rock, hard rock, blues rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, singer-songwriter|
|Instruments||Vocals, flute, guitar, bouzouki, balalaika, bass guitar, mandolin, harmonica, piccolo, saxophone, keyboards, percussion|
|Labels||Chrysalis, Fuel 2000, RandM|
|Associated acts||Jethro Tull, Roy Harper, Dave Pegg, David Goodier, Doane Perry, Peter-John Vettese, Andrew Giddings, Martin Barre, Steven Wilson, Toto,Scott Hammond|
|Custom Manson guitars|
Ian Scott Anderson, MBE (born 10 August 1947) is a British musician, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work as the lead vocalist, flautist and acoustic guitarist of British rock band Jethro Tull. Anderson plays several other musical instruments, including keyboards, bass guitar, bouzouki, balalaika, saxophone, harmonica, and a variety of whistles. His solo work began with the 1983 album Walk into Light, and since then he has released another five works, including the sequel of Jethro Tull album Thick as a Brick (1972) in 2012, entitled Thick as a Brick 2.
Ian Anderson was born the youngest of three siblings. His father, James Anderson, ran the RSA Boiler Fluid Company in East Port, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. Anderson spent the first part of his childhood in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was influenced by his father's big band and jazz records and the emergence of rock music, though disenchanted with the "show biz" style of early American rock and roll stars like Elvis Presley.
His family moved to Blackpool, Lancashire, England, in 1959, where he gained a traditional education at Blackpool Grammar School. In a recent interview, Anderson stated that he was asked to leave Grammar School for refusing to submit to corporal punishment (still permitted at that time) for some serious infraction. He went on to study fine art at Blackpool College of Art from 1964 to 1966.
While a teenager, Anderson took a job as a sales assistant at Lewis's department store in Blackpool, then as a vendor on a news stand. He later said it was reading copies of Melody Maker and the New Musical Express during his lunch breaks that gave him the inspiration to play in a band.
In 1963, he formed The Blades from among school friends: Barriemore Barlow (drums), John Evan (keyboards), Jeffrey Hammond (bass) and Michael Stephens (guitar). This was a soul and blues band, with Anderson on vocals and harmonica – he had yet to take up the flute.
In late 1967, Anderson was still holding down a day job, namely cleaning the Ritz Cinema in Luton, including the toilets, in the mornings, "which took me half the day" he said in a later interview. He took an old, chipped urinal from the cinema storeroom and had it for a time after leaving the job. It was not, however, the urinal which "was bolted to the side of John Evan's Hammond organ on stage" and figured in early 1970s Tull performances.
The genius in Ian Anderson’s technique is modulation of vocalizations through the flute. This addition to the dynamics of his music makes his performances with the band Jethro Tull memorable in such songs as “Cross Eyed Mary” on the album Aqualung which was released in 1971.
At this time Anderson abandoned his ambition to play electric guitar, allegedly because he felt he would never be "as good as Eric Clapton". As he himself tells it in the introduction to the video Live at the Isle of Wight, he traded his electric guitar in for a flute which, after some weeks of practice, he found he could play fairly well in a rock and blues style. According to the sleeve notes for the first Tull album, This Was (1968), he had been playing the flute only a few months when the album was recorded. His guitar practice did not go to waste either, as he continued to play acoustic guitar, using it as a melodic and rhythmic instrument. As his career progressed, he added soprano saxophone, mandolin, keyboards and other instruments to his arsenal.
His tendency to stand on one leg while playing the flute came about by accident, as he had been inclined to stand on one leg while playing the harmonica, holding the microphone stand for balance. Anderson was known for his famous one-legged flute stance, and was once referred to as a "deranged flamingo". This stance is on many album covers of Jethro Tull. During a long stint at the Marquee Club, a journalist described him, wrongly, as standing on one leg to play the flute. He decided to live up to the reputation, albeit with some difficulty. His early attempts are visible in The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus (1968) film appearance of Jethro Tull. This was referenced in the facetious liner notes for Thick as a Brick in a quote about "the one-legged pop flautist, Ian Anderson."
Anderson already wished to start a solo career in 1980, when Jethro Tull was going to suffer a hiatus, occasioned by John Glascock's death. The album he wrote with this intent (the A album) had the participation of Martin Barre and Dave Pegg. Chrysalis preferred to release the album by the Jethro Tull name - occasioning the split of the band.
In the 1990s he began working with simple bamboo flutes. He uses techniques such as over-blowing and hole-shading to produce note-slurring and other expressive techniques on this otherwise simple instrument. In the 1990s and 2000s, Anderson's song lyrics often capture 'snapshots' of his daily life ("Old Black Cat", "Rocks on the Road").
In 1995, Anderson released his second solo album, Divinities: Twelve Dances with God, an instrumental work composed of twelve flute-heavy pieces pursuing varied themes with an underlying motif. The album was recorded with Jethro Tull keyboard player Andrew Giddings and orchestral musicians. Anderson released two further song-based solo albums, The Secret Language of Birds in 2000 and Rupi's Dance in 2003.
In 2003, Anderson recorded a composition called "Griminelli's Lament", in honour of his friend, the Italian flautist Andrea Griminelli.
A sequel to Thick as a Brick (1972), entitled Thick as a Brick 2 or TAAB2, was released on 3 April 2012. It is billed as being performed by Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson instead of being a Tull album proper. Anderson toured performing both albums in their entirety. A trailer for TAAB2 was posted on YouTube.
Anderson released a new album, Homo Erraticus, in May 2014. He describes it as a progressive rock concept album blending rock, folk, and metal music. Peaking at No. 14 in the UK Albums Chart it was his most successful ever solo album.
In recognition of his lifelong contribution to popular music, Anderson received two honours in 2006: the Ivor Novello Award for International Achievement and an honorary Doctorate of Literature at Heriot-Watt University, on 11 July 2006.
Musical collaborations and other work
Anderson produced Steeleye Span's 1974 album Now We Are Six, as well as appearing on and producing Steeleye Span member Maddy Prior's first solo album Woman in the Wings (1978), for which Jethro Tull made most instrumental contributions.
Anderson appeared as a guest on the song "All Along You Knew" from The Big Prize, the second album by Canadian rock band Honeymoon Suite. This followed Jethro Tull's 1984 tour, on which Honeymoon Suite was one of the opening acts. Also in 1984, Anderson, along with Martin Barre, Dave Pegg and Peter-John Vettese recorded album A Classic Case with the London Symphony Orchestra, performing a selection of music from Jethro Tull. He was also a DJ on Planet Rock, presenting his own two-hour show Under the Influence. He also appeared on stage with Joe Bonamassa playing "A New Day Yesterday" at the Hammersmith Apollo in May 2010.
Anderson plays flute on the Men Without Hats song "On Tuesday" from their album Pop Goes the World (1987), and on the Blackmore's Night song "Play, Minstrel, Play" from their debut album Shadow of the Moon (1997).
Anderson performs as a special guest on two Uriah Heep live albums: Acoustically Driven (2001) and Electrically Driven (2001), on both performing the same two songs of Uriah Heep repertoire: "Circus" and "Blind Eye".
Anderson plays flute on the track "Portmeirion" on Fairport Convention's 2001 album XXXV. Anderson has performed with Fairport Convention at their annual Cropredy Festival on several occasions since the mid-1980s, when their bass player Dave Pegg was also a member of Jethro Tull.
In April 2011, Anderson performed a flute duet with astronaut Cady Coleman, during her mission aboard the International Space Station, in honour of the 50th anniversary of the first manned spaceflight by Yuri Gagarin.
Anderson played the flute on the track "Cannonball" by The Darkness on their 2012 album, Hot Cakes. He played the flute on the track "Cry To The World" by Renaissance on their 2013 album, Grandine il Vento. He also played the flute on "The Ocean at the End", the title track from The Tea Party's 2014 album.
Family and personal life
Anderson married Shona Learoyd in 1976, described by Rolling Stone magazine as a "beautiful convent-educated daughter of a wealthy wool manufacturer". She had studied ballet for 10 years, though Anderson met her when she was working as a press officer at Jethro Tull's then record-label Chrysalis Records. She later became involved with the band's on-stage special effects.
The couple have lived in a 16th-century redbrick farmhouse on the 500-acre (2.0 km2) Pophleys Estate in Radnage, England, in Kilmarie House on their Strathaird Estate on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, as well as a short time in Montreux, Switzerland. They currently live in Wiltshire, England and have a house again in Switzerland, near Montreux. They have two children: James Duncan Anderson, also a musician; and Gael, who works in the film industry and is married to actor Andrew Lincoln, star of the US TV drama series The Walking Dead.
Among his interests Anderson lists protecting wild cats, especially those that have been rescued from harsh captivity; cameras, chiefly Leicas; Indian cuisine – he has written a beginner's guide, thus far published only on the internet.
Other business activities
Anderson has owned several salmon farms in the UK. His Strathaird concern, based on his estate on the Isle of Skye was worth £10.7 million in the late 1990s, when parts of it began to be sold off. He currently owns a group of companies, which reported a gross profit of £1.8 million in 2004, when the Sunday Herald newspaper reported:
He and his wife Shona, the sole shareholders and directors, shared a £500,000 dividend and emoluments, excluding pension contributions, of £850,954. A modest pre-tax loss of £5,806 was booked for the year but the balance sheet shows shareholders' funds stand at £3.2m. Income included a payment of £209,517 following one of the rock group's regular cheques on its flow of royalties.
|Year||Name||Label||Peak chart position|
|1983||Walk into Light||Chrysalis/EMI Records||202||78|
|1995||Divinities: Twelve Dances with God||Angel/EMI Records|
|2000||The Secret Language of Birds||Fuel 2000/Varèse Sarabande/Universal Records||26|
|2003||Rupi's Dance||RandM Records||40|
|2012||Thick as a Brick 2||Chrysalis/EMI Records||55||35||13|
|Year||Name||Label||Peak chart position|
|2005||Ian Anderson Plays the Orchestral Jethro Tull||ZYX Music||68 (CD)
|2014||Thick as a Brick - Live in Iceland||Eagle Rock||22|
- Andy Manson. "Fine instrument luthier". AndyManson.com. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- "THE ENTERTAINERS – Brothers score stage success". Dunfermline Press. TullPress.com. 19 October 1979. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- "Ian Anderson (2 of 11) – The Formative Years". YouTube. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- Nollen, Scott Allen. Jethro Tull: A History of the Band, 1968–2001, p. 23. McFarland, 2001. ISBN 0-7864-1101-5
- "Ian Anderson on Studio 4 with Host Fanny Kiefer Part 1 of 2". YouTube. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- Wiser, Carl, "Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull" (interview), Songfacts, n.d. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Hume, Paul, and Richard Harrington. "Performing Arts: Philadelphia Orchestra Jethro Tull." The Washington Post 22 November 1997: B6. WP Company LLC D/b/a The Washington Post. Web. 5 October 2014.
- "Official TAAB 2 trailer". YouTube.com.
- "TIME Magazine Cover: Pop Records – Feb. 12, 1973". Time. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Abertay University graduation to celebrate student successes" (Press release). University of Abertay Dundee. 7 July 2011.
- "Prog Awards 2013 – The Winners!". Prog Rock Magazine. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Roy Harper Ian Anderson's primary musical influence". Classicrockmagazine.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Space flutes salute Yuri Gagarin". theregister.co.uk. 12 April 2011.
- "Bruce Dickinson To Perform at Cathedral". Classicrockmagazine.com. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "JEFF The Brotherhood – “Black Cherry Pie” (Feat. Ian Anderson)". Stereogum.
- Who is Jennie Anderson, the person credited on the Aqualung album as the author of the title track?, Jethro Tull FAQ. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- "Rock's heaviest breather is Ian Anderson". tullpress.com. 21 March 1977. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "Ian Anderson". Jethro Tull. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Ian Anderson. "Confessions of a DVT victim and ten steps for survival". jethrotull.com. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Ian Anderson. "Indian Food Guide". j-tull.com. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "Ian Anderson's Diary – January 2007". IanAnderson.com. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "Strathaird Salmon Ltd". macrae.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- Jim Gough (30 May 2004). "Anderson swaps fish for his flute". Sunday Herald. Archived from the original on 7 June 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 23. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "Thick As a Brick 2: Whatever Happened to Gerald Bostock". jtull.com. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "Homo Erraticus – The New Studio Album from Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson". jtull.com. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ian Anderson.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jethro Tull|