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Ilkhchi is located in Iran
Coordinates: 37°56′14″N 45°58′44″E / 37.93722°N 45.97889°E / 37.93722; 45.97889Coordinates: 37°56′14″N 45°58′44″E / 37.93722°N 45.97889°E / 37.93722; 45.97889
Country Iran
ProvinceEast Azerbaijan
 (2016 Census)
 • Total16,574 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Ilkhchi (Persian: ایلخچی‎, also Romanized as Īlkhchī; Azerbaijani: Ilxıçı)[2] is a city and capital of Ilkhchi District, in Osku County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. According to year 2006 nationwide census, its population has been reported approximately 13,927 people and 4,014 families.[3]


The name Ilkhchi (also spelled as Ilkhichi and Ilkhechi) is a Turkic word consisting of two parts: 1-"Ilkhi" meaning wild horse, and 2-"chi" which is a grammatical suffix meaning "attributed to". Altogether, the complete name means horse tamer. That itself attests to the fact that in ancient eras this town was a place for horse domestication by Turkic residents. Similar variants of the words Ilkhichi or Ilkhi can be seen among other Turkic languages: For example, Yılkı and Yılkıcı in Turkish, or жылқы in Kazakh Language which is equivalent to Ilkhi.

Geographical Location[edit]

Ilkhchi is located at the south east of Tabriz, the capital city of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.[4]


Like many other places located in Azerbaijani provinces, the mother tongue of the residents is Azerbaijani, a western Turkic language that belongs to the branch that also includes Turkish.


Almost the entire population of the town are mostly followers of the Ahl-E Haqq.


The main economic and occupational activities of the residents revolve around agriculture. The town's iconic statue of a giant onion has become a memorable symbol emphasizing the intertwined old history of Ilkhichi with agriculture.


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  2. ^ Ilkhchi can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "10078592" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ "همشهری آنلاین-استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند (Provinces were divided into 5 regions) (1 Tir 1393, Jalaali)". Hamshahri Online (in Persian). 22 June 2014. Archived from the original on 23 June 2014.