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For the administrative subdivision, see Hashtrud County. For the village in West Azerbaijan Province, see Hashtrud, West Azerbaijan.
"Saraskand" redirects here. For the nearby villages of that name, see Saraskand-e Olya and Saraskand-e Sofla.
Hashtrud is located in Iran
Coordinates: 37°28′40″N 47°03′03″E / 37.47778°N 47.05083°E / 37.47778; 47.05083Coordinates: 37°28′40″N 47°03′03″E / 37.47778°N 47.05083°E / 37.47778; 47.05083
Country  Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Hashtrud
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 18,418
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Hashtrud (Persian: هشترود‎‎; also Romanized as Hashtrūd; also known as Āz̄arān, Sarāskand, Sar Eskand, Sar Eskandar, and Sar Eskand Khān)[1] is a city in and the capital of Hashtrud County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Hashtrud is located 140 km from Tabriz, the capital of the East-Azerbaijan province of Iran. During the 2006 census, the population was 18,418, with 4,493 families.[2] Hashtrud is also bordered with the Sahand mountains toward the west of the city, and is surrounded by several rivers, such as the Qranqvchay, and Ozan river.[3]


Hashtrud is home to the Zahhak Castle, named after Zahhak in ancient Persian mythology. The castle was inhabited by various Persian dynasties until the Timurid era.[4]

Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, a census report recalls that Hashtrud was home to roughly 10 Jewish families.[5]


  1. ^ Hashtrud can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054140" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ fa:هشترود
  4. ^ http://www.tishineh.com/touritem/844/Zahhak-Castle
  5. ^ http://mcohen02.tripod.com/azarbaijan.pdf