Jõhvi

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Jõhvi
Johvi estonia.jpg
Jõhvi is located in Estonia
Jõhvi
Jõhvi
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 59°21′27″N 27°25′37″E / 59.35750°N 27.42694°E / 59.35750; 27.42694Coordinates: 59°21′27″N 27°25′37″E / 59.35750°N 27.42694°E / 59.35750; 27.42694
CountryEstonia
CountyIda-Viru County
MunicipalityJõhvi Parish
City status1938
Area
 • Total7.62 km2 (2.94 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total10,130
 • Rank13th
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonians34.5%
 • Russians55.7%
 • other9.6%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
41501 to 41599
Area code(s)(+372) 33

Jõhvi is a town in north-eastern Estonia, and the capital of Ida-Viru County. The town is also an administrative centre of Jõhvi Parish. It is situated 50 km from the Russian border.

Ethnic Estonians are a minority in Jõhvi, as about 55% of the town's population are ethnic Russians.

History[edit]

Jõhvi was first mentioned as a village in 1241 in Liber Census Daniae when it was ruled by Denmark. Historical names of Jõhvi were Gewi and Jewi. In the 13th century a church was built here and Jõhvi became the centre of the local church parish.

On 1 May 1938 Konstantin Päts renamed the Jõhvi borough a town along with nearly all Estonian boroughs. Up to 1991, Jõhvi was a district of Kohtla-Järve. In 2005 the town of Jõhvi was united with the parish of Jõhvi.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jõhvi (normals 1991–2020, extremes 1926–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
8.1
(46.6)
16.8
(62.2)
26.0
(78.8)
32.1
(89.8)
33.1
(91.6)
33.7
(92.7)
34.6
(94.3)
28.1
(82.6)
19.7
(67.5)
13.6
(56.5)
10.9
(51.6)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.9
(35.4)
9.5
(49.1)
15.8
(60.4)
19.6
(67.3)
22.4
(72.3)
21.0
(69.8)
15.7
(60.3)
8.5
(47.3)
2.7
(36.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.3
(48.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
4.5
(40.1)
10.3
(50.5)
14.6
(58.3)
17.4
(63.3)
15.9
(60.6)
11.2
(52.2)
5.5
(41.9)
0.6
(33.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.5
(41.9)
Average low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−8.5
(16.7)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.3
(39.7)
9.1
(48.4)
11.9
(53.4)
10.9
(51.6)
7.0
(44.6)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5
(23)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F) −34.5
(−30.1)
−36
(−33)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−18
(0)
−6.5
(20.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.7
(35.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−15.7
(3.7)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−41
(−42)
−41
(−42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.8)
34
(1.3)
36
(1.4)
34
(1.3)
50
(2.0)
84
(3.3)
77
(3.0)
93
(3.7)
67
(2.6)
84
(3.3)
64
(2.5)
49
(1.9)
717
(28.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12 9 9 8 7 10 11 12 13 14 14 14 132
Average relative humidity (%) 90 88 80 72 68 73 76 80 84 87 90 91 82
Source: Estonian Weather Service (precipitation days, 1971–2000)[2][3][4][5][6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population by sex, age group and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2021-12-26.
  2. ^ "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Kliimanormid-Sademed, õhuniiskus" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Rekordid" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 19 March 2021.

External links[edit]