View from Haapsalu Castle
|• Mayor||Urmas Sukles (Reform Party)|
|• Total||10.59 km2 (4.09 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|• other (Finns, Swedes, Russians)||19%|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
90503 to 90507
|Area code(s)||(+372) 047|
Haapsalu (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈhɑːpˈsɑlu]; Swedish and German: Hapsal, Russian: Га́псаль Gapsal) is a seaside resort town located on the west coast of Estonia. It is the administrative centre of Lääne County, and on 1 January 2017 it had a population of 10,236.
Haapsalu has been well known for centuries for its warm seawater, curative mud and peaceful atmosphere. Salt mud spas frequented by the Russian Romanov family still operate. Narrow streets with early 20th century wooden houses repeatedly lead to the sea. Haapsalu has been called the "Venice of the Baltics", although this positioning has been criticized as exaggerating. The name "Haapsalu" is from Estonian haab 'aspen' and salu 'grove.'
The town dates back to 1279, when it was chartered and became the centre of the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek, which it remained for the next 300 years. Buildings from those early days remain today, including an episcopal castle which has the largest single-nave cathedral in the Baltic states, Haapsalu Castle.
For many years, locals have claimed that the sea mud has a curative effect. A military doctor, Carl Abraham Hunnius, founded the first mud cure resort in 1825. News of the curative mud quickly reached the aristocracy of Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire. Ever since then, Haapsalu has been a popular summer destination where people from all around the world come for medical treatment. Today, there are three mud cure establishments in Haapsalu varying in size and location.
In the 19th century, Haapsalu became famous for its shawls, a delicate craft made by local women.
The Land of Ilon Wikland (Wiklandia), a recreation centre for children, is set to open in a few years within the town. This world-famous book illustrator has been involved with Haapsalu since her childhood.
The August Blues Festival is held every August in Haapsalu.
Since 2005 the town hosts Haapsalu Horror and Fantasy Film Festival, an annual film festival dedicated to genre films. In 2017, the pastors of Haapsalu made an open statement calling to end the city's financing of the festival, claiming the horror and violence depicted in the screened films were not fit to represent the resort town image. The same year the festival was held to a record-breaking attendance.
In popular culture
Twin towns — Sister cities
Haapsalu Railway Station, now disused, and notable for the length of its platform canopy.
- "Linnavalitsuse liikmed". Haapsalu linn. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- "Population figure and composition". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 15 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Dallen J. Timothy (18 May 2009). Cultural heritage and tourism in the developing world: a regional perspective. Taylor & Francis. pp. 239–. ISBN 978-0-415-77621-9. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- Derek R. Hall; Melanie K. Smith; Barbara Marciszewska (30 November 2006). Tourism in the new Europe: the challenges and opportunities of EU enlargement. CABI. pp. 264–. ISBN 978-1-84593-117-9. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow, 1998), p. 444.
- Thomas M. Sipos (2012). Horror Film Festivals and Awards. McFarland. ISBN 9780786465729
- "Haapsalu pastorid tegid pöördumise HÕFFi vastu - Lääne Elu". le.ee. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "HÖFF tõi rekordi". postimees.ee. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Reiljan, Kaire (2015-03-16). ""Vehkleja". Kaks lugu, elu ja tõde filmis" ["The Fencer". Two stories, life and truth in film] (in Estonian). Lääne Elu. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "Sõpruslinnad" (in Estonian). Haapsalu. Archived from the original on 20 June 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haapsalu.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Haapsalu.|