Fast Times at Ridgemont High
|Fast Times at Ridgemont High|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Amy Heckerling|
|Screenplay by||Cameron Crowe|
|Based on||Fast Times at Ridgemont High: A True Story
by Cameron Crowe
|Cinematography||Matthew F. Leonetti|
|Edited by||Eric Jenkins|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$27.1 million (domestic)|
Fast Times at Ridgemont High is a 1982 American coming-of-age teen comedy film written by Cameron Crowe, adapted from his 1981 book of the same name. As a freelance writer for Rolling Stone magazine, Crowe went undercover at Clairemont High School in San Diego, and wrote about his experiences.
The film was directed by Amy Heckerling (in her feature film directorial debut) and chronicles a school year in the lives of sophomores Stacy Hamilton (Jennifer Jason Leigh) and Mark Ratner (Brian Backer), and their respective older friends Linda Barrett (Phoebe Cates) and Mike Damone (Robert Romanus), both of whom believe themselves wiser in the ways of romance than their younger counterparts. The ensemble cast of characters form two subplots with Jeff Spicoli (Sean Penn), a junior, carefree stoned surfer, facing off against uptight history teacher Mr. Hand (Ray Walston), and Stacy's brother, Brad (Judge Reinhold), a senior who works at a series of entry-level jobs in order to pay off his car, and who is pondering easing out of his relationship with his girlfriend, until she herself dumps him.
In addition to Penn, Reinhold, Cates, and Leigh, the film marks early appearances by several actors who later became stars, including Nicolas Cage (then billing himself as Nicolas Coppola), Forest Whitaker, Eric Stoltz, and Anthony Edwards. Among the actors listed, Penn, Cage, and Whitaker would later on in their careers win the Academy Award for Best Actor, with Penn winning twice.
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Brad Hamilton (Judge Reinhold) is a popular senior who is looking forward to his last year of school and almost has his 1960 Buick LeSabre paid off. He has a part-time job at All-American Burger, a fast food joint where his girlfriend, Lisa, also works. This esteemed establishment has a strict policy of etiquette: "No Shirt, No Shoes, No Dice." Brad is subsequently fired for losing his temper at an obnoxious customer. When Brad tries to tell Lisa how much he needs her, she says she is breaking up with him to see other guys. Brad quits his job at Captain Hook Fish & Chips because of the humiliation of having to wear a pirate costume when delivering food. He later gets a job at Mi-T-Mart, where he successfully thwarts an attempted robbery and is subsequently promoted to store manager.
Brad's sister Stacy (Jennifer Jason Leigh) is a 15-year-old sophomore and also a virgin. Stacy works at a pizza parlor at the mall alongside her outspoken friend, popular and sexually active Linda (Phoebe Cates). One night at work, Stacy takes an order from Ron Johnson, a 26-year-old stereo salesman who asks her out after she tells him she's nineteen. She then sneaks out to meet him and they have sex in a dugout at a softball field. Stacy never hears from Ron again, revealing the loss of her virginity to Linda.
Mike Damone (Robert Romanus), a dilettante who earns money taking bets and scalping tickets, fancies himself a sagacious and worldly ladies' man. After Mike's friend Mark Ratner (Brian Backer) proclaims his love for Stacy to him, Mike lets him in on his five secrets for picking up girls. Mike later coaxes Mark into taking Stacy on a date to a German restaurant. Afterwards, at her home, Stacy invites Mark into her bedroom, where they look at Stacy's photo album together. They eventually kiss, but he soon shies away and leaves after Stacy attempts to initiate intimacy with him. Stacy invites Damone over after school for a swim in the pool, which leads to sex in the pool house between the two. Stacy later informs Damone that she is pregnant as a result and tells him she's scheduled an abortion. But on the day of her appointment, embarrassed at being unable to raise the money for his half of the bill, Damone ignores her. Stacy asks Brad to drive her supposedly to a bowling alley, but she goes to the abortion clinic. When Brad returns, Stacy makes him promise not to tell their parents. When Stacy tells Linda, Linda becomes angry at Damone, leading to an almost physical confrontation between Damone and Mark in the boys' locker room until it is broken up by the vice principal.
Jeff Spicoli (Sean Penn) is a surfer and habitual marijuana user who runs afoul of a strict history teacher Mr. Hand (Ray Walston), who is intolerant of Spicoli's disregard for his class. One night, Spicoli wrecks Ridgemont star football player Charles Jefferson's 1979 Chevrolet Camaro Z28 during a joyride with Jefferson's younger brother. Spicoli decides to park the car in front of the school with slurs painted on it supposedly written by Ridgemont's rival, Lincoln High. When Ridgemont plays Lincoln, Jefferson is angry about his car, thrashes several of Lincoln's players, and wins the game for Ridgemont. On the evening of the graduation dance, Mr. Hand shows up at Spicoli's house and informs him that since he has wasted eight hours of class time over the past year, Mr. Hand intends to make up for it that night. They have a one-on-one session that lasts until Mr. Hand is satisfied that Spicoli has understood the lesson.
In addition to Mark and Stacy's continuing relationship and Brad's promotion to manager at the convenience store, fates of some of the other characters are revealed in an epilogue sequence prior to the closing credits: Spicoli saves Brooke Shields from drowning and then spends the reward money hiring Van Halen to play at his birthday party. Linda gets accepted to UC Riverside and moves in with her Abnormal Psychology professor. Damone gets arrested for scalping Ozzy Osbourne tickets and gets a job at 7-Eleven when he gets out, and Mr. Hand still believes everyone is on drugs.
- Sean Penn as Jeff Spicoli
- Jennifer Jason Leigh as Stacy Hamilton
- Judge Reinhold as Brad Hamilton
- Robert Romanus as Mike Damone
- Brian Backer as Mark "Rat" Ratner
- Phoebe Cates as Linda Barrett
- Amanda Wyss as Lisa
- Ray Walston as Mr. Hand
- Forest Whitaker as Charles Jefferson
- Scott Thomson as Arnold
- Vincent Schiavelli as Mr. Vargas
- Lana Clarkson as Mrs. Vargas
- Eric Stoltz as Stoner Bud
- Anthony Edwards as Stoner Bud
- Nicolas Cage as Brad's Bud
- Taylor Negron as Mr. Pizza Guy
- James Russo as Convenience store robber
- Pamela Springsteen as Dina Phillips
- Kelli Maroney as Cindy
The film is adapted from a book Crowe wrote after a year spent at Clairemont High School in San Diego, California. He went undercover to do research for his 1981 book Fast Times at Ridgemont High: A True Story, about his observations of the high school and the students he befriended there, including then-student Andy Rathbone, on whom the character "Rat" was modeled.
Heckerling shepherded the young cast, which included Nicolas Cage in his first feature-film role, portraying an unnamed co-worker of Brad's at All-American Burger. He was credited as "Nicolas Coppola." It was also the film debut for Eric Stoltz and provided early roles for Anthony Edwards and Forest Whitaker. Crowe's future wife Nancy Wilson of Heart has a cameo as the "Beautiful Girl in Car" who laughs at Brad at the red light in his Captain Hook uniform.
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Fast Times was filmed in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles (though the location is never mentioned in the film) from November 10 through December 28, 1981. Many people identify the movie with that area and the teen culture associated with it in the early 1980s. "Ridgemont" is the name Crowe gave to Clairemont, the San Diego high school at which he posed as a student. (Spicoli mentions surfing at Sunset Cliffs, a genuine surf spot in San Diego.) Most of the exteriors of Ridgemont High School were shot at Van Nuys High School, and other scenes were shot at Canoga Park High School. The "carrot" scene and football game were shot at James Monroe High School in Sepulveda (now called North Hills). The "Ridgemont Mall" shown in the film was actually the Sherman Oaks Galleria, with its exterior shot at Santa Monica Place. Both have since been converted to open-air malls. "The Point" was filmed at the Encino Little League Field in Encino.
In the DVD commentary, director Heckerling tells of how Cates was initially reluctant to carry out her character's poolside topless scene at the house in West Hills because she thought the neighbors might be spying on the set from the surrounding rooftops.
When the movie made its network television debut on CBS in 1984, several deleted scenes were added to replace the nudity and sexual content, although most of it was edited using alternate takes. The TV version with the added scenes was in circulation on many channels until the late 2000s when they just used a regular edited for TV cut. The following is a list of said scenes.
01. After Brad kicks out Spicoli and his buddies out of All-American Burger, Dennis Taylor, the manager, comes out and notices a pile of french fries Brad had dumped into the trash bin, claiming they were left over from the last shift.
02. A dialogue scene when Stacy and Linda are leaving the mall to go home occurs when a fellow mall employee (played by Hallie Todd in one of her earliest roles) approaches them and asks Linda how to have sex and not get pregnant.
03. A short dialogue scene with Stacy talking to Brad and his friends at school.
04. Some deleted footage consisting of Brad and Stacy eating lunch in the cafeteria with their respective friends.
05. Two dialogue scenes occur with Damone and Rat at the mall arcade. We also see Ron Johnson's character getting lead out of the mall in handcuffs because Stacy's mother reported him to the police after he had sex with her daughter and another one with Stacy and Linda in the parking garage where Stacy tries to find Ron's car.
06. A short scene occurs after Brad gets fired from All-American Burger where he goes into his bedroom and angrily tears up a Coca-Cola advertising poster from his wall.
07. A scene shows Brad in the guidance counselor Mrs O'Rourke's office explaining to her about his future and how everything's changed and how Mrs. O'Rourke insists that Brad buckles down on his schoolwork and spending less time having fun in order to bring his grades up. The actress who plays Mrs. O'Rourke is credited in the theatrical version, even though this scene was originally cut from it.
|Fast Times at Ridgemont High: Music from the Motion Picture|
|Soundtrack album by various artists|
|Released||July 30, 1982|
The soundtrack album, Fast Times at Ridgemont High: Music from the Motion Picture, peaked at #54 on the Billboard album chart. The soundtrack features the work of many quintessential 1980s rock artists.
Several of the movie's songs were released as singles, including Jackson Browne's "Somebody's Baby", which reached #7 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. Other singles were the title track by Sammy Hagar, a cover of The Tymes' "So Much in Love" by Timothy B. Schmit, "Raised on the Radio" by the Ravyns and "Waffle Stomp" by Joe Walsh. In addition to Schmit and Walsh, the album features solo tracks by two other members of the Eagles, Don Henley and Don Felder. The soundtrack also included "I Don't Know (Spicoli's Theme)" by Jimmy Buffett.
Five tracks in the film, but not included on the soundtrack, are: "Moving in Stereo" by the Cars, "American Girl" by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, "We Got the Beat" by the Go Go's, which is the movie's opening theme; Led Zeppelin's "Kashmir", and "Jingle Bell Rock" by Bobby Helms. In addition, the live band at the prom dance during the end of the film played two songs also not on the soundtrack: The Eagles' "Life in the Fast Lane" and Sam the Sham's "Wooly Bully".
The Donna Summer track, "Highway Runner", was initially recorded in 1981 for her double album entitled I'm a Rainbow; however, the album was shelved by Summer's then-label, Geffen Records, but ultimately released in 1996 by Mercury Records. The album is once again out of print.
Todd Rundgren also recorded the song, "Attitude", for the film at Crowe's request. It was not included in the film, but was later released on Rundgren's Demos and Lost Albums in 2001.
In some countries, the album was (also) released as a single LP with ten tracks.
Heckerling, in the DVD audio commentary, states that the 1970s "classic rock" artists, like the Eagles, were introduced by one of the film's producers. Coincidentally, Irving Azoff, one of the film's producers, was the personal manager for the Eagles.
|1.||"Somebody's Baby"||Browne, Danny Kortchmar||Jackson Browne||4:05|
|2.||"Waffle Stomp"||Walsh||Joe Walsh||3:40|
|3.||"Love Rules"||Henley, Kortchmar||Don Henley||4:05|
|4.||"Uptown Boys"||Goffin, Janna Allen||Louise Goffin||2:45|
|5.||"So Much in Love"||George Williams, Bill Jackson, Roy Straigis||Timothy B. Schmit||2:25|
|6.||"Raised on the Radio"||Rob Fahey||The Ravyns||3:43|
|7.||"The Look In Your Eyes"||McMahon||Gerard McMahon||4:00|
|8.||"Speeding"||Jane Wiedlin, Charlotte Caffey||The Go-Go's||2:11|
|9.||"Don't Be Lonely"||Marv Ross||Quarterflash||3:18|
|10.||"Never Surrender"||Felder, Kenny Loggins||Don Felder||4:15|
|11.||"Fast Times (The Best Years of Our Lives)"||Squier||Billy Squier||3:41|
|12.||"Fast Times at Ridgemont High"||Hagar||Sammy Hagar||3:36|
|13.||"I Don't Know (Spicoli's Theme)"||Buffett, Michael Utley||Jimmy Buffett||3:00|
|14.||"Love Is the Reason"||Nash||Graham Nash||3:31|
|15.||"I'll Leave It Up To You"||Rusty Young||Poco||2:55|
|16.||"Highway Runner"||Giorgio Moroder, Summer||Donna Summer||3:18|
|17.||"Sleeping Angel"||Nicks||Stevie Nicks||4:43|
|18.||"She's My Baby (And She's Outta Control)"||Dave Palmer, Phil Jost||Palmer/Jost||2:53|
|19.||"Goodbye, Goodbye"||Danny Elfman||Oingo Boingo||4:34|
Universal gave the film a limited theatrical release on August 13, 1982, opening in 498 theaters. It earned $2.5 million in its opening weekend. The release was later widened to 713 theaters, earning $3.25 million. The film ranked 29th among US releases in 1982, ultimately earning more than $27 million, six times its $4.5 million budget, and later gaining popularity through television and home video releases.
Over the years the film has obtained an iconic status. In an interview, Penn stated "None of us had any idea it would take on a life of its own."
The film has a 78% "Certified Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 48 reviews, with the site's consensus stating "While Fast Times at Ridgemont High features Sean Penn's legendary performance, the film endures because it accurately captured the small details of school, work, and teenage life."
Roger Ebert called it a "scuz-pit of a movie", though he praised the performances by Leigh, Penn, Cates, and Reinhold. Janet Maslin wrote that it was "a jumbled but appealing teen-age comedy with something of a fresh perspective on the subject."
Crowe's screenplay was nominated for a WGA Award for best comedy adapted from another medium. The film ranks #15 on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies", and #2 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the "50 Best High School Movies".
Also, the film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 1998: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies – Nominated
- 2000: AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – #87
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes:
- Jeff Spicoli: "Hey, Bud, let’s party!" – Nominated
- 2007: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) – Nominated
The film inspired a short-lived 1986 television series for CBS called Fast Times. Ray Walston and Vincent Schiavelli reprised their roles, respectively as Hand and Vargas, the biology teacher. Other cast members were Courtney Thorne-Smith (Melrose Place) as Stacy, Wallace Langham (credited as Wally Ward) as Mark, Claudia Wells (Back to the Future) as Linda, Patrick Dempsey (Grey's Anatomy) as Mike Damone, Dean Cameron as Jeff Spicoli, and James Nardini as Brad. Kit McDonough played teacher Leslie Melon, a character that was exclusive to the series.
Moon Zappa was a "technical consultant" for the television series. She was hired in order to research slang terms and mannerisms of teenagers, as she had just graduated from high school at the time and had a much better grasp of then-current high school behavior than the writers, and Danny Elfman (Oingo Boingo) wrote and performed the television series theme.
- Fast Times at Barrington High, an album by the band The Academy Is... is a play on the title of the film.
- "Fast Times at Buddy Cianci Jr. High", a Family Guy episode from Season 4
- Fast Times at Fairmont High, a novella by Vernor Vinge, is named in reference to the film.
- "Stacy's Mom", a song by Fountains of Wayne which pays homage to the film.
- "FAST TIMES (X)". British Board of Film Classification. September 9, 1982. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- IFC (2014). "15 THINGS YOU PROBABLY DIDN'T KNOW ABOUT FAST TIMES AT RIDGEMONT HIGH". Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- imdb (n.d.). "Fast Times at Ridgemont High - Trivia". imdb. imdb. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High at the Internet Movie Database
- Russell, Lisa (March 13, 1995). "Geek God: Once the Butt of Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Best-Selling Author Andy Rathbone Becomes a Computer Guru". People. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- Lauren Schutte (14 February 2012). "Nicolas Cage on Turning Down 'Dumb & Dumber,' Winning Another Oscar and the Movie that Made Him Change His Name". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High (Original Soundtrack), Allmusic
- Mike Duquette (4 March 2011). "Friday Feature: "Fast Times at Ridgemont High"". The Second Disc. WordPress.com. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Charts and Awards, Allmusic.
- "Soundtrack versions at discogs.com". Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Discogs (2012). "Various – Fast Times At Ridgemont High • Music From The Motion Picture". Discogs. Discogs. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High at Box Office Mojo (retrieved on December 6, 2006).
- "Fast Times at Ridgemont High". Rotten Tomatoes.
- Ebert, Roger (1982). "Fast Times at Ridgemont High". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 6, 2006.
- Maslin, Janet. September 3, 1982. "Ridgemont High", New York Times (retrieved via registered-user account on December 6, 2006).
- "Bravo's 100 Funniest Movies List is Laughable", Manroomonline.com, June 2, 2006.
- "50 Best High School Movies". Filmsite.org. September 15, 2006. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 21, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 21, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies Nominees (10th Anniversary Edition)" (PDF). Retrieved August 21, 2016.
- IMDb (1990–2012). "Filmography by year for Moon Unit Zappa". IMDb. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
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