Jeremiah 11

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Jeremiah 11
Tanakh-Sassoon1053-11-Jeremiah.pdf
Book of Jeremiah in Hebrew Bible, MS. Sassoon 1053, images 283–315.
BookBook of Jeremiah
Hebrew Bible partNevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part6
CategoryLatter Prophets
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part24

Jeremiah 11 is the eleventh chapter of the Book of Jeremiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains prophecies attributed to the prophet Jeremiah, and is one of the Books of the Prophets. This chapter includes the first of the passages known as the "Confessions of Jeremiah" (Jeremiah 11:18–12:6).[1]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 23 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes the Codex Cairensis (895), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), Aleppo Codex (10th century), Codex Leningradensis (1008).[2] Some fragments containing parts of this chapter were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, i.e., 4QJera (4Q70; 225–175 BCE[3][4]), with extant verses 3‑6, 19‑20.[5][6]

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint (with a different verse numbering), made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[7] The Septuagint version doesn't contain a part what is generally known to be verses 7–8 in Christian Bibles.[8]

Parashot[edit]

The parashah sections listed here are based on the Aleppo Codex.[9] Jeremiah 11 is a part of the Fifth prophecy (Jeremiah 11-13) in the section of Prophecies of Destruction (Jeremiah 1-25). {P}: open parashah; {S}: closed parashah.

{P} 11:1–5 {P} 11:6–8 {S} 11:9–10 {S} 11:11–13 {S} 11:14 {S} 11:15–17 {P} 11:18–20 {S} 11:21 {P} 11:22–23 {S}

Covenant Curse (11:1–17)[edit]

This section contains the 'second major prose sermon' in the book of Jeremiah, closely related in style to the 'temple sermon' (Jeremiah 7:1–8:3), in which a curse in announced 'upon anyone who does not heed the words of the Mosaic covenant' (verses 3—4), focusing on the point that 'the possession of the land hinges entirely upon obedience to the covenant' (verse 5).[10]

Verses 2–3[edit]

Verse 2[edit]

"Hear the words of this covenant, and speak to the men of Judah and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem;"[11]

"Speak": Say to them, i.e. the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

Verse 3[edit]

and say to them, 'Thus says the Lord God of Israel: "Cursed is the man who does not obey the words of this covenant"'[12]

"Cursed is the man who does not obey the words of this covenant": a citation from Deuteronomy 11:26–28; 27:26; 28:15–68, quoted by the apostle Paul in Galatians 3:10.[13]

Verse 4[edit]

which I commanded your fathers in the day I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, 'Obey My voice, and do according to all that I command you; so shall you be My people, and I will be your God,'[14]

The entire future of the community in the land is dependent on the covenant with YHWH as the formula "I will be your God and you will be my people" (verse 4) is linked closely to "YHWH's oath to give them a land 'flowing with milk and honey'".[10]

The first lament (11:18–23)[edit]

This part records Jeremiah's first lament or 'confession' (could be in one combination with 12:1–6;[15] cf. Jeremiah 15:1–21; Jeremiah 17:14–18; Jeremiah 18:18–23; Jeremiah 20:7–13) which will gain a divine response in the following part (Jeremiah 12:56).[10] From the prose comments it is clear that Jeremiah is the speaker.[10]

Verse 18[edit]

Now the Lord gave me knowledge of it, and I know it; for You showed me their doings.[16]

The Jerusalem Bible inserts verse 6 of chapter 12 immediately after this verse:

"Yes, even your own brothers and your own family play you false. Behind your back, they too criticise you openly. Put no reliance on them when they seem to be friendly".[17]

Verse 20[edit]

But, O Lord of Hosts, who judges righteously,
who tries the feelings and the heart,
let me see Your vengeance on them,
for to You I have revealed my cause.[18]
  • "The feelings" (KJV: "the reins"; NKJV: "the minds"): referring to "most secret parts", lit. "kidneys".[19]

Uses[edit]

  • Verse 11 of this chapter, which reads: "Therefore this is what the Lord says: 'I will bring on them a disaster they cannot escape. Although they cry out to me, I will not listen to them.'" (NIV), is cited in the 2019 American horror movie Us, directed by Jordan Peele.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diamond, A. R. (1987), The Confessions of Jeremiah in Context, JSOTSup 45, Sheffield
  2. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35–37.
  3. ^ Cross, F.M. apud Freedman, D.N.; Mathews, K.A. (1985). The Paleo-Hebrew Leviticus Scroll (11QpaleoLev). Winona Lake, Indiana. p. 55
  4. ^ Sweeney, Marvin A. (2010). Form and Intertextuality in Prophetic and Apocalyptic Literature. Forschungen zum Alten Testament. 45 (reprint ed.). Wipf and Stock Publishers. p. 66. ISBN 9781608994182. ISSN 0940-4155.
  5. ^ Ulrich 2010, p. 564.
  6. ^ Fitzmyer, Joseph A. (2008). A Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 37. ISBN 9780802862419. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  7. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73–74.
  8. ^ CCEL – Brenton Jeremiah Appendix
  9. ^ As reflected in the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 edition of the Hebrew Bible in English.
  10. ^ a b c d O'Connor 2007, p. 499.
  11. ^ Jeremiah 11:2 NKJV
  12. ^ Jeremiah 11:3 NKJV
  13. ^ Coogan 2007, p. 1096-1097 Hebrew Bible.
  14. ^ Jeremiah 11:4 NKJV
  15. ^ O'Connor 2007, p. 500.
  16. ^ Jeremiah 11:18 NKJV
  17. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), Jeremiah 11
  18. ^ Jeremiah 11:20 MEV
  19. ^ Note [a] on Jeremiah 11:20 in NKJV
  20. ^ Fletcher, Rosie (March 23, 2019). "Us: How Jeremiah 11:11 Fits in Jordan Peele Movie". Den of Geek. Retrieved March 23, 2019.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Jewish[edit]

Christian[edit]

Popular culture[edit]