Jesmyn Ward

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Jesmyn Ward
Jesmyn Ward.jpeg
Born (1977-04-01) April 1, 1977 (age 44)
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
OccupationWriter, professor
LanguageEnglish
Alma mater
GenresFiction, memoir
Notable works
Notable awards
Website
jesmimi.blogspot.com

Jesmyn Ward (born April 1, 1977)[1] is an American novelist and an associate professor of English at Tulane University. She won the 2011 National Book Award for Fiction for her second novel Salvage the Bones and won the 2017 National Book Award for Fiction for her novel Sing, Unburied, Sing.[2][3][4] She also received a 2012 Alex Award[5] for the story about familial love and community in facing Hurricane Katrina.[6] She is the only woman and only African American to win the National Book Award for Fiction twice.[7] All three of Ward's novels are set in the fictitious Mississippi town of Bois Sauvage.

Early life and education[edit]

Jesmyn Ward was born in 1977 in Berkeley, California.[8] She moved to DeLisle, Mississippi, with her family at the age of three. She developed a love-hate relationship with her hometown after having been bullied at public school by black classmates and subsequently by white students while attending a private school paid for by her mother's employer.[9]

The first in her family to attend college, she earned a B.A. in English, in 1999, and an M.A. in media studies and communication, in 2000, both at Stanford University.[10][11][12] Ward chose to become a writer to honor the memory of her younger brother,[13] who was killed by a drunk driver in October 2000, just after Ward had completed her master's degree.[12][14]

In 2005, Ward received her MFA in Creative Writing from the University of Michigan.[14] Shortly afterwards, she and her family became victims of Hurricane Katrina.[9] With their house in DeLisle flooding rapidly, the Ward family set out in their car to get to a local church, but ended up stranded in a field full of tractors.[15] When the white owners of the land eventually checked on their possessions, they refused to invite the Wards into their home, claiming they were overcrowded.[15] Tired and traumatized, the family was eventually given shelter by another white family down the road.[16]

Ward went on to work at the University of New Orleans, where her daily commute took her through the neighborhoods ravaged by the hurricane. Empathizing with the struggle of the survivors and coming to terms with her own experience during the storm, Ward was unable to write creatively for three years – the time it took her to find a publisher for her first novel, Where the Line Bleeds.[17]

Career[edit]

In 2008, just as Ward had decided to give up writing and enroll in a nursing program, Where the Line Bleeds was accepted by Doug Seibold at Agate Publishing.[16] The novel was picked as a Book Club Selection by Essence magazine[15] and received a Black Caucus of the American Library Association (BCALA) Honor Award in 2009.[18] It was shortlisted for the Virginia Commonwealth University Cabell First Novelist Award[19] and the Hurston-Wright Legacy Award.[20] Starting on the day twin protagonists Joshua and Christophe DeLisle graduate from high school,[21] Where the Line Bleeds follows the brothers as their choices pull them in opposite directions.[22] Unwilling to leave the small rural town on the Gulf Coast where they were raised by their loving grandmother, the twins struggle to find work, with Joshua eventually becoming a dock hand and Christophe joining his drug-dealing cousin.[22] In a starred review, Publishers Weekly called Ward "a fresh new voice in American literature" who "unflinchingly describes a world full of despair but not devoid of hope."[22]

In her second novel, Salvage the Bones, Ward homes in once more on the visceral bond between poor black siblings growing up on the Gulf Coast.[9] Chronicling the lives of pregnant teenager Esch Batiste, her three brothers, and their father during the 10 days leading up to Hurricane Katrina, the day of the storm, and the day after,[6][23] Ward uses a vibrant language steeped in metaphors to illuminate the fundamental aspects of love, friendship, passion, and tenderness.[24] Explaining her main character's fascination with the Greek mythological figure of Medea, Ward told Elizabeth Hoover of The Paris Review: "It infuriates me that the work of white American writers can be universal and lay claim to classic texts, while black and female authors are ghetto-ized as 'other.' I wanted to align Esch with that classic text, with the universal figure of Medea, the antihero, to claim that tradition as part of my Western literary heritage. The stories I write are particular to my community and my people, which means the details are particular to our circumstances, but the larger story of the survivor, the savage, is essentially a universal, 123456789 human one."[25]

On November 16, 2011, Ward won the National Book Award for Fiction for Salvage the Bones. Interviewed by CNN's Ed Lavandera on November 16, 2011, she said that both her nomination and her victory had come as a surprise, given that the novel had been largely ignored by mainstream reviewers.[9] "When I hear people talking about the fact that they think we live in a post-racial America, … it blows my mind, because I don't know that place. I've never lived there. … If one day, … they're able to pick up my work and read it and see … the characters in my books as human beings and feel for them, then I think that that is a political act", Ward stated in a television interview with Anna Bressanin of BBC News on December 22, 2011.[26]

Ward received an Alex Award for Salvage the Bones on January 23, 2012.[5] The Alex Awards are given out each year by the Young Adult Library Services Association to ten books written for adults that resonate strongly with young people aged 12–18.[27] Commenting on the winning books in School Library Journal, former Alex Award committee chair, Angela Carstensen described Salvage the Bones as a novel with "a small but intense following – each reader has passed the book to a friend."[5]

Prior to her appointment at Tulane, Ward was an assistant professor of creative writing at the University of South Alabama.[15] From 2008 to 2010, Ward had a Stegner Fellowship at Stanford University.[28] She was the John and Renée Grisham Writer in Residence at the University of Mississippi for the 2010–2011 academic year.[29] Ward joined the faculty at Tulane in the fall of 2014. In 2013, she released her memoir Men We Reaped.[15] In 2017, she was the recipient of a MacArthur "genius grant" from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.[30] That same year, she received a second National Book Award for her third novel, Sing, Unburied, Sing, which made her the first woman to win two National Book Awards for Fiction.[4][31] The novel also won an Anisfield-Wolf Book Award.[32]

In July 2011, Ward wrote that she had finished the first draft of her third book, calling it the hardest thing she had ever written.[33] It was a memoir titled Men We Reaped and was published in 2013. The book explores the lives of her brother and four other young black men who lost their lives in her hometown.[9]

In August 2016, Simon & Schuster released The Fire This Time: A New Generation Speaks about Race, edited by Ward. The book takes as its starting point James Baldwin's The Fire Next Time, his classic 1963 examination of race in America. Contributors to The Fire This Time include Carol Anderson, Jericho Brown, Garnett Cadogan, Edwidge Danticat, Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah, Mitchell S. Jackson, Honoree Jeffers, Kima Jones, Kiese Laymon, Daniel José Older, Emily Raboteau, Claudia Rankine, Clint Smith, Natasha Trethewey, Wendy S. Walters, Isabel Wilkerson, Kevin Young, and Jesmyn Ward herself.

Her third novel, Sing, Unburied, Sing, was released in 2017[34] and met with several effusive reviews, winning the 2017 National Book Award for fiction.[35][36] Set in Ward's fictitious Mississippi town, Bois Sauvage, the novel is narrated from three perspectives majorily within a rural family. Jojo, a young African-American boy, navigates a maturation from childhood to adulthood. His mother, Leonie, struggles with addiction and the challenges of raising children. Finally, Richie, a wayward ghost from the Mississippi State Penitentiary, haunts Jojo and pleads with his family to help him find closure on his death. This story consists of a car ride to a penitentiary where Leonie is picking up the father of her children. On this car ride the family endures paranormal interactions, the battle with drug addiction, how we deal with grief, and the racism and incarceration in America. Themes of family, nature, death, emotion, and racism are present within the novel as the reader follows the family during this time of their life. Song is tied within the paranormal saying that the dead have singing to do. Song within the African American culture is another connection we are able to make in this novel to reality. The grandparents being Pop and Mam are other characrter within this novel, and Pop is the father figure Jojo has to learn from. Pop is teaching Jojo how to be a man as the reader is catapulted into the story.

Ward is a contributor to the 2019 anthology New Daughters of Africa, edited by Margaret Busby.[37]

In 2020, Simon & Schuster published Ward's Navigate Your Stars, adapted from a speech the author made at Tulane's 2018 commencement.[38]

Ward's personal essay, "On Witness and Respair: A Personal Tragedy Followed by Pandemic", about the death of her husband, her grief, the spreading Covid-19 pandemic, and the resurgent Black Lives Matter movement, appeared in the September 2020 issue of Vanity Fair, guest-edited by Ta-Nehisi Coates.[39]

Personal life[edit]

Ward lives in Mississippi and has two children. Her husband, Brandon R. Miller, died in January 2020 of an acute respiratory distress syndrome at the age of 33.[40] Ward wrote about his death in an article for Vanity Fair.[41]

Awards and honors[edit]

Works[edit]

Scholarly literature on Jesmyn Ward's work[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ward, Jesmyn (September 16, 2014). Men We Reaped: A Memoir (Paperback ed.). New York. p. 42. ISBN 978-1608197651. OCLC 869343489.
  2. ^ "National Book Awards – 2011" Archived November 21, 2018, at the Wayback Machine. National Book Foundation. Retrieved March 27, 2012. (With acceptance speech by Ward, interviews with and readings by all five finalists.)
  3. ^ Carolyn Kellogg (November 17, 2011). "Jesmyn Ward wins National Book Award for fiction" Archived November 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The Los Angeles Times.
  4. ^ a b c "2017 National Book Awards". National Book Foundation. Archived from the original on November 14, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c Angela Carstensen (January 24, 2012). "The Alex Awards, 2012" Archived January 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, School Library Journal.
  6. ^ a b Jeffrey Brown (August 26, 2011). "In 'Salvage the Bones,' Jesmyn Ward Tells Personal Story of Hurricane Katrina", PBS NewsHour.
  7. ^ "Jesmyn Ward is the first woman to win two National Book Awards for Fiction". EW.com. Archived from the original on February 16, 2021. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  8. ^ Cardé, Leslie (May 18, 2018), "Meet Jesmyn Ward, the celebrated novelist speaking at Tulane's commencement" Archived February 16, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, The New Orleans Advocate.
  9. ^ a b c d e Ed Lavandera (November 18, 2011). "Ignored by literary world, Jesmyn Ward wins National Book Award" Archived November 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, CNN.
  10. ^ Judy Johnson (March 2014). "Jesmyn Ward." Current Biography. Vol. 75, no. 3. p. 86. Abstract retrieved via ProQuest database. September 3, 2017. "The first in her family to attend college, Ward was admitted to Stanford University, where she earned both her bachelor's degree in English in 1999 and master's degree in media studies and communication in 2000."
  11. ^ "Red All Over Archived February 16, 2021, at the Wayback Machine". Stanford Magazine. Stanford Alumni Association. March/April 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2017. Refers to "Jesmyn Ward, '99, MA '00" as the author of Salvage the Bones, one of the titles chosen to be distributed at the university's World Book Night in April 2013.
  12. ^ a b Jesmyn Ward (September 3, 2013). "No Mercy in Motion Archived September 4, 2017, at the Wayback Machine". Guernica. guernicamag.com. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  13. ^ Julie Bosman (November 16, 2011). "National Book Awards Go to 'Salvage the Bones' and 'Swerve'" Archived November 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times.
  14. ^ a b Staff and wire reports/Susan Whitall (November 18, 2011). "U-M grad takes top national book honor".[dead link] The Detroit News.
  15. ^ a b c d e Jennifer Xu (November 15, 2011). "'U' MFA alum Jesmyn Ward nominated for National Book Award for 'Salvage the Bones'" Archived November 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The Michigan Daily.
  16. ^ a b Alison Flood (November 17, 2011). "Hurricane Katrina novel wins National Book Award" Archived March 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian.
  17. ^ Noam Cohen (November 19, 2011). "Breakfast Meeting, Nov. 17" Archived November 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times.
  18. ^ BCALA Literary Awards Committee (January 25, 2009). "BCALA Announces the 2009 Literary Awards Winners" (press release). Black Caucus of the American Library Association. bcala.org. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  19. ^ Staff (January 25, 2009). "Eighth Annual VCU Cabell First Novelist Award, 2009: Deb Olin Unferth for Vacation (McSweeney's)" Archived December 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Virginia Commonwealth University Cabell First Novelist Award.
  20. ^ a b Staff (November 2011). "2011 National Book Award Winner, Fiction. Jesmyn Ward. Salvage the Bones" Archived November 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The National Book Foundation.
  21. ^ Staff (BOMB 105/FAll 2008). "Where the Line Bleeds by Jesmyn Ward. Read by Jesmyn Ward. Podcast" Archived November 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, BOMB Magazine.
  22. ^ a b c Staff (September 22, 2008). "Fiction Review: Where the Line Bleeds by Jesmyn Ward" Archived December 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Publishers Weekly.
  23. ^ Staff (May 23, 2011). "Fiction Review: Salvage the Bones by Jesmyn Ward" Archived February 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Publishers Weekly.
  24. ^ Ron Charles (November 9, 2011). "The turmoil before the storm" Archived February 16, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, The Washington Post.
  25. ^ Elizabeth Hoover (August 30, 2011). "Jesmyn Ward on 'Salvage the Bones'" Archived February 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Paris Review.
  26. ^ Anna Bressanin (December 22, 2011). "How Hurricane Katrina shaped acclaimed Jesmyn Ward book" Archived November 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, BBC News Magazine.
  27. ^ Staff (January 23, 2012). "YALSA's Alex Awards" Archived May 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Young Adult Library Services Association.
  28. ^ Stanford Creative Writing Program. "Current and Recent Stegner Fellows" Archived November 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Stanford University.
  29. ^ English Department. "John and Renée Grisham Writers in Residence" Archived October 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, University of Mississippi.
  30. ^ "MacArthur Foundation". www.macfound.org. Archived from the original on March 22, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  31. ^ "Jesmyn Ward is the first woman to win two National Book Awards for Fiction". www.msn.com. Archived from the original on August 20, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  32. ^ a b "Sing, Unburied, Sing". Archived from the original on August 20, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  33. ^ Jesmyn Ward (July 7, 2011). "nearly there" Archived December 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Jesmimi.
  34. ^ "Sing, Unburied, Sing" Archived December 26, 2016, at the Wayback Machine at Simon & Schuster.
  35. ^ "2017 National Book Award finalists revealed". CBS News. October 4, 2017. Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  36. ^ Paula Rogo, "Jesmyn Ward Wins Second National Book Award for 'Sing, Unburied, Sing'" Archived December 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Essence, November 18, 2017.
  37. ^ Kevin Le Gendre (March 2019), ("Daughters Of Africa" Archived November 6, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Echoes magazine.
  38. ^ Ward, Jesmyn (April 7, 2020). Navigate Your Stars. ISBN 9781982131326.
  39. ^ Ward, Jesmyn (September 2020). "On Witness and Respair: A Personal Tragedy Followed by Pandemic". vanityfair.com. Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on February 1, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  40. ^ "Brandon's obituary". Archived from the original on February 16, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  41. ^ Ward, Jesmyn (September 1, 2020). "On Witness and Respair: A Personal Tragedy Followed by Pandemic". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on February 1, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  42. ^ Daniels, Lee. "Jesmyn Ward is on the 2018 TIME 100 List". Time. Archived from the original on April 20, 2018. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  43. ^ "Announcing the National Book Critics Awards Finalists for Publishing Year 2013". National Book Critics Circle. January 14, 2014. Archived from the original on January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2014.

External links[edit]