Colson Whitehead

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Colson Whitehead
Whitehead at the 2014 Texas Book Festival, Austin, Texas
Whitehead in 2009
BornArch Colson Chipp Whitehead
(1969-11-06) November 6, 1969 (age 52)
New York City, U.S.
EducationHarvard University
GenreFiction, non-fiction
Notable worksThe Intuitionist, John Henry Days, Zone One, The Underground Railroad, The Nickel Boys
Notable awardsNational Book Award for Fiction (2016)
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (2017 and 2020)

Arch Colson Chipp Whitehead (born November 6, 1969) is an American novelist. He is the author of eight novels, including his 1999 debut work The Intuitionist; The Underground Railroad (2016), for which he won the 2016 National Book Award for Fiction and the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction; he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction again in 2020 for The Nickel Boys.[1][2] He has also published two books of non-fiction. In 2002, he received a MacArthur Genius Grant.


Arch Colson Chipp Whitehead[3] was born in New York City on November 6, 1969, and grew up in Manhattan.[4] He is one of four children of successful entrepreneur parents who owned an executive recruiting firm.[5][6] As a child in Manhattan, Whitehead went by his first name Arch. He later switched to Chipp, before switching to Colson.[7] He attended Trinity School in Manhattan and graduated from Harvard University in 1991. In college, he became friends with poet Kevin Young.[8]

Early in his career, Whitehead lived in Fort Greene, Brooklyn.[9] He lives in Manhattan and also owns a home in Sag Harbor on Long Island. His wife, Julie Barer, is a literary agent and they have two children.[10]


After graduating from college, Whitehead wrote for The Village Voice.[11][12] While working at the Voice, he began drafting his first novels.

Whitehead has since produced ten book-length works—eight novels and two non-fiction works, including a meditation on life in Manhattan in the style of E.B. White's famous essay Here Is New York. His books are 1999's The Intuitionist; 2001's John Henry Days; 2003's The Colossus of New York; 2006's Apex Hides the Hurt; 2009's Sag Harbor; 2011's Zone One, a New York Times bestseller; 2016's The Underground Railroad, which earned a National Book Award for Fiction; and 2019's The Nickel Boys.[13][14] Esquire magazine named The Intuitionist the best first novel of the year, and GQ called it one of the "novels of the millennium".[15] Novelist John Updike, reviewing The Intuitionist in The New Yorker, called Whitehead "ambitious", "scintillating", and "strikingly original", adding, "The young African-American writer to watch may well be a thirty-one-year-old Harvard graduate with the vivid name of Colson Whitehead."[15]

Whitehead's The Intuitionist was nominated as the Common Novel at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). The Common Novel nomination was part of a long-time tradition at the Institute that included authors like Maya Angelou, Andre Dubus III, William Joseph Kennedy, and Anthony Swofford.

Whitehead's non-fiction, essays and reviews have appeared in numerous publications, including The New York Times, The New Yorker, Granta, and Harper's.[16]

Whitehead at the 2011 Brooklyn Book Festival

His non-fiction account of the 2011 World Series of Poker, The Noble Hustle: Poker, Beef Jerky & Death, was published by Doubleday in 2014.

Whitehead has taught at Princeton University, New York University, the University of Houston, Columbia University, Brooklyn College, Hunter College, and Wesleyan University. He has been a Writer-in-Residence at Vassar College, the University of Richmond, and the University of Wyoming.

In the spring of 2015, he joined The New York Times Magazine to write a column on language.

His 2016 novel, The Underground Railroad, was a selection of Oprah's Book Club 2.0, and was chosen by President Barack Obama as one of five books on his summer vacation reading list.[17][18] In January 2017 it was awarded the Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction at the American Library Association Mid-Winter Conference in Atlanta, GA.[19] Colson was honored with the 2017 Hurston/Wright Award for fiction presented by the Zora Neale Hurston/Richard Wright Foundation.[20] The Underground Railroad won the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Judges of the prize called the novel "a smart melding of realism and allegory that combines the violence of slavery and the drama of escape in a myth that speaks to contemporary America".[21]

Whitehead's seventh novel, The Nickel Boys, was published in July 2019. The novel was inspired by the real-life story of the Dozier School for Boys in Florida, where children convicted of minor offences suffered violent abuse.[22] In conjunction with the publication of The Nickel Boys, Whitehead was featured on the cover of Time magazine for the July 8, 2019, edition, alongside the strap-line "America's Storyteller".[5] The Nickel Boys won the 2020 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.[23] Judges of the prize called the novel "a spare and devastating exploration of abuse at a reform school in Jim Crow-era Florida that is ultimately a powerful tale of human perseverance, dignity and redemption".[24] It is Whitehead's second win, making him the fourth writer in history to have won the prize twice.[25]

Whitehead's eighth novel, Harlem Shuffle, was conceived and begun before he wrote The Nickel Boys. It is a work of crime fiction set in Harlem during the 1960s.[5] Whitehead spent years writing the novel, and ultimately finished it in "bite-sized chunks" during the months he spent in quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City.[26] Harlem Shuffle was published by Doubleday on September 14, 2021.[27]




  • The Intuitionist (1999), ISBN 0-385-49299-5
  • John Henry Days (2001), ISBN 0-385-49819-5
  • Apex Hides the Hurt (2006), ISBN 0-385-50795-X
  • Sag Harbor (2009), ISBN 0-385-52765-9
  • Zone One (2011), ISBN 978-0-385-52807-8
  • The Underground Railroad (2016), ISBN 978-0-385-54236-4
  • The Nickel Boys (2019), ISBN 978-0-385-53707-0
  • Harlem Shuffle (2021), ISBN 978-0-385-54513-6



Short stories[edit]


  1. ^ "2017 Pulitzer Prize Winners and Nominees". The Pulitzer Prizes. 2017. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  2. ^ "2020 Pulitzer Prizes". The Pulitzer Prizes. 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  3. ^ Sehgal, Parul (July 11, 2019). "In 'The Nickel Boys,' Colson Whitehead Continues to Make a Classic American Genre His Own". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  4. ^ Maus, Derek C. (2021). Understanding Colson Whitehead (2nd ed.). University of South Carolina Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-64336-175-8. OCLC 1228234654.
  5. ^ a b c Mitchell S. Jackson (June 27, 2019). "'I Carry It Within Me.' Novelist Colson Whitehead Reminds Us How America's Racist History Lives On". Time. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  6. ^ Emma Brockes (July 7, 2017). "Colson Whitehead: 'To deal with this subject with the gravity it deserved was scary'". The Guardian. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  7. ^ Sandhu, Sukhdev (July 20, 2019). "Colson Whitehead: 'We have kids in concentration camps. But I have to be hopeful'". The Guardian. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  8. ^ Purcell, Andrew (May 20, 2017). "Colson Whitehead: 'The truth of things, not the facts'". Western Advocate. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  9. ^ "Don't You Be My Neighbor". Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  10. ^ "Colson Whitehead: 'We invent all sorts of different reasons to hate people'". The Guardian. June 21, 2020.
  11. ^ "Colson Whitehead". Archived from the original on March 6, 2008. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  12. ^ Nancy Smith (July 17, 2012). "Interview with Colson Whitehead". The Rumpus. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
  13. ^ a b "The Underground Railroad, by Colson Whitehead, 2016 National Book Award Winner, Fiction". Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
  14. ^ "Colson Whitehead". Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  15. ^ a b John Updike, "Tote That Ephemera", The New Yorker, May 7, 2001.
  16. ^ a b "Colson Whitehead to be awarded Longwood's Dos Passos Prize for Literature". Longwood University. February 25, 2013. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
  17. ^ Allie Malloy, "Obama summer reading list: 'The Girl on the Train'", CNN, August 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Sarah Begley, "Here’s What President Obama Is Reading This Summer", Time, August 12, 2016.
  19. ^ French, Agatha (January 23, 2017). "American Library Assn.'s 2017 award winners include 'March: Book Three' by Rep. John Lewis". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  20. ^ "Colson Whitehead Honored Once Again for His Novel The Underground Railroad", The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, October 25, 2017.
  21. ^ "The Underground Railroad, by Colson Whitehead (Doubleday)". Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  22. ^ "Author wins Pulitzer Prize for a second time". BBC News. May 5, 2020. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  23. ^ Lee, Benjamin (May 4, 2020). "Colson Whitehead and This American Life among Pulitzer 2020 winners". The Guardian. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  24. ^ Maher, John (May 4, 2020). "Moser, Whitehead, McDaniel, Grandin, Boyer, Brown Win 2020 Pulitzers". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  25. ^ Tucker, Emma (May 4, 2020). "Colson Whitehead Wins Second Pulitzer Prize for Fiction". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  26. ^ Canfield, David (July 15, 2020). "Colson Whitehead is now the most decorated writer of his generation. He's not slowing down". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  27. ^ "Harlem Shuffle by Colson Whitehead". Penguin Random House. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
  28. ^ Gonzalez-Espinoza, Karina G.; Lin, Grace (April 27, 2018). "Novelist Colson Whitehead Wins 2018 Harvard Arts Medal". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  29. ^ "Library of Congress to honor author Colson Whitehead". AP News. July 13, 2020. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  30. ^ "ALA Midwinter 2017: Colson Whitehead, Matthew Desmond Win ALA Carnegie Medals". Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  31. ^ "Announcement of the 2020 Pulitzer Prize Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes. May 4, 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  32. ^ "Clanchy, Whitehead win 2020 Orwell Prize". Books+Publishing. July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  33. ^ "Colson Whitehead Novel Wins $50,000 Kirkus Prize". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. October 24, 2019. Retrieved March 4, 2002.

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