For other persons with a similar name, see John Mather.
John Cromwell Mather (b. August 7, 1946, Roanoke, Virginia) is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his work on the Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite (COBE) with George Smoot.
This work helped cement the
big-bang theory of the universe. According to the Nobel Prize committee, "the COBE-project can also be regarded as the starting point for cosmology as a precision science." [1 ]
Mather is a senior astrophysicist at the
U.S. space agency's (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Maryland and adjunct professor of physics at the University of Maryland, College Park. In 2007, Mather was listed among 100 Most Influential People in The World. In October, 2012, he was listed again by Time magazine's in a special issue on New Space Discoveries as one of 25 most influential people in space. Time magazine
Mather is also the project scientist for the
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), a space telescope to be launched to L2 no earlier than 2018.
Education and initial research [ edit ]
Honors and awards [ edit ]
Swarthmore College Open Scholarship (honorary) 1967
William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition, 30th place nationwide 1968 Highest possible score (990),
physics Grad Records 1968-70 NSF Fellowship and honorary Woodrow Wilson Fellowship
Hertz Foundation 1974-76 Postdoctoral Fellow,
NASA GSFC John C. Lindsay Memorial Award 1991 Rotary National Space Achievement Award
National Air and Space Museum Trophy 1992
Aviation Week and Space Technology Laurels for Space/Missiles 1993
Discover Magazine Technology Award finalist 1993
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Space Science Award 1993
American Astronomical Society and American Institute of Physics Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics 1994 Fellow,
Goddard Space Flight Center 1994
Doctor of Science, , Swarthmore College honoris causa 1995
City of Philadelphia John Scott Award 1996
American Academy of Arts and Sciences Rumford Prize 1996 Fellow,
American Physical Society 1997
Aviation Week and Space Technology Hall of Fame 1997 Member,
National Academy of Sciences 1998
Marc Aaronson Memorial Prize 1998 Member,
American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1999
Franklin Institute Benjamin Franklin Medal in Physics 2005
Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers George W. Goddard Award 2006
Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation Prize in Cosmology 2006
Nobel Prize in Physics 2007 Fellow,
SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 2008
Robinson Prize 2008
Doctor of Science, , University of Maryland honoris causa 2008, Commencement Speaker,
University of Maryland Winter Commencement 2010
India General President Gold Medal 2010
Fellow of the Optical Society of America 2011
Doctor of Science, , University of Notre Dame honoris causa [3 ]
Publications [ edit ]
Mather, J. C.
"Far Infrared Spectrometry of the Cosmic Background Radiation", University of California Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission), (Jan. 1974). Mather, J. C.; Albrecht, A.; et al.
"Report of the Dark Energy Task Force", Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, (2006).
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]