Jovenel Moïse

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Jovenel Moïse
Jovenel Moise.jpg
President of Haiti
Assumed office
7 February 2017
Prime MinisterEnex Jean-Charles
Jack Guy Lafontant
Jean-Henry Céant
Jean-Michel Lapin (acting)
Joseph Jouthe
Preceded byJocelerme Privert (interim)
Personal details
Born (1968-06-26) 26 June 1968 (age 52)
Trou-du-Nord, Haiti
NationalityHaitian
Political partyTèt Kale
Spouse(s)Martine Étienne Joseph
ChildrenJoverlein Moïse, Jomarlie Moïse, Jovenel Moïse Jr.

Jovenel Moïse (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɔvənɛl mɔiz]; Haitian Creole pronunciation: [jovɛnɛl mɔiz]) (born 26 June 1968) is a Haitian entrepreneur and politician serving as the 42nd President of Haiti. Final official results had shown him as the winner of the November 2016 election.[1][2] In 2019, political unrest and calls for his resignation became a crisis.[3][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Jovenel Moïse was born in Trou-du-Nord, Nord-Est on June 26, 1968. In July 1974, his family moved to Port-au-Prince, where he continued his primary studies at École Nationale Don Durélin, and followed up with his secondary studies first at Lycée Toussaint Louverture, and then at Centre Culturel du Collège Canado-Haïtien.

In 1996, he married his classmate Martine Marie Etienne Joseph. That same year, they left the capital and established in Port-de-Paix to develop rural areas.

Business career[edit]

With little investment capital, Moïse launched his first business in Port-de-Paix, JOMAR Auto Parts, still in operation today. That same year, he began development of an agricultural project of organic banana production from a plantation extending to over 25 acres of land in the Northwest department.

In 2001, Moïse partnered with Culligan to start a drinking water plant for distribution to the Nord-Ouest and Northeast regions. In 2012, he founded AGRITRANS SA, introduced the agricultural project NOURRIBIO to Trou du Nord, and helped create Haiti's first agricultural free trade zone, a 2,500-acre banana plantation in Nord-Est.[5] With this project, Moïse was able to successfully cultivate unfarmable land into a lush, integrated and sustainable project that is a model for development of Haiti’s agricultural sector. Through this project, Haiti was able to export organic bananas to Germany, for the first time since 1954. This led him to be nicknamed Nèg Bannann (Banana Man) [6] and to more than a dozen agricultural projects that created almost 3,000 direct jobs and 10,000 indirect jobs.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

In 2015, President Michel Martelly designated Moïse as the presidential candidate of the political party Martelly founded, the Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK).

In his campaign, Moïse promoted bio-ecological agriculture as an economic engine for Haiti, whose population is over 50% rural. He also expressed support for policies pursued by Martelly: universal education and health care, energy reform, rule of law, the creation of sustainable jobs, environmental protection, and development of Haiti as a destination for ecotourism and agritourism.

Moïse received 32.8% of votes in the first round of the 2015 elections held on 15 October 2015, qualifying for a runoff with the second-place finisher, Jude Célestin.[7] However, an exit poll conducted by the Haiti Sentinel showed Moïse receiving only 6% of the vote,[8] and many observers called the results fraudulent.[9] Thousands of people took to the streets in violent protest, forcing the postponement of the runoff election.[10]

On 27 November 2016, election officials said Moïse had won the 2016 election in the first round based on preliminary results, with an estimated voter turnout of 21%.[11]

On Sunday Feb 7, 2021 Jovenel Moïse faced challenges to his mandate, from opposition leaders who believe that Moïse's mandate should end from the date of the inconclusive 2015 elections.[12] However in February 2016 special elections were held to install Jocelerme Privert as interim President until new elections could be held.[13]

At the presidential level for the November 2016 elections, Jovenel Moïse of PHTK came in first place with 55.67 percent of the vote. Moïse secured the presidency without having to compete in a second-round election. In second, third and fourth place were Jude Celestin of LAPEH with 19.52 percent, Jean-Charles Moïse of the Platfom Pitit Dessalines (PPD) with 11.04 percent and Maryse Narcisse of Fanmi Lavalas (FL) with 8.99 percent.

Jovenel Moise was sworn in on February 7, 2017. According to article 134-1 of the Haitian constitution. "The term of the President is five (5) years. This term begins and ends on the February 7 following the date of the elections."[14]

2015 and 2016 Haitian presidential elections[edit]

Candidate Party First round (2015) First round (2016)
Votes % Votes %
Jovenel Moïse Haitian Tèt Kale Party 508,761 32.81 595,430 55.67
Jude Célestin Ligue Alternative pour le Progrès et l'Emancipation Haitienne 392,782 25.27 208,837 19.52
Jean-Charles Moïse Platfom Pitit Desalin 222,109 14.27 118,142 11.04
Maryse Narcisse Fanmi Lavalas 108,844 7.05 96,121 8.99
Eric Jean Baptiste Mouvement Action Socialiste 56,427 3.63 Did not run N/A
Source: CEP Haiti

Note: Table abridged as there are too many candidates. See pdf for more candidates and their performances.

Honors[edit]

Moïse was awarded the Order of Brilliant Jade with Grand Cordon by President of the Republic of China Tsai Ing-wen in May 2018.[15][16] Tsai commended the economic initiatives undertaken by Moïse's government.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ @cep_haiti (28 November 2016). "Résultats préliminaires des élections présidentielles du 20 Novembre 2016 pic.twitter.com/i9GsrkkU8p" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  2. ^ Brice, Makini (29 November 2016). "Businessman Moise wins Haiti election in first round - provisional results". Port-au-Prince: Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  3. ^ Padgett, Tim. "Moïse Mess: Haiti's Political Standoff – And Humanitarian Crisis – Won't Likely End Soon". www.wlrn.org. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  4. ^ Miami Herald
  5. ^ Haiti Libre Staff (25 October 2015). "Haïti - Portrait : Qui est Jovenel Moïse ?". Haiti Libre (in French). Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  6. ^ Jake Johnston (27 July 2018). "Amid an Uprising, Can Haitian President Jovenel Moïse Deliver on His Promises?". The Nation. The government granted tax-free access to the land and a $6 million loan to a new company, Agritrans, owned by Moïse, the president of the local chamber of commerce. Anonymous investors contributed at least another $10 million.
  7. ^ Robles, Frances (21 January 2016). "U.S. Presses for Haiti Runoff Vote Amid Fears of Violence and Fraud". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Only 6% voted for Jovenel Moïse according to Exit Poll". Haiti Sentinel. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  9. ^ Charles, Jacqueline (29 October 2015). "Haitian observers: 'Massive fraud' in vote". Miami Herald. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  10. ^ Robles, Frances (22 January 2016). "Haiti Postpones Presidential Runoff as Violence Rises". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  11. ^ Jacqueline Charles (28 November 2016). "Banana farmer wins Haiti presidency, according to preliminary results". Miami Herald. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  12. ^ Port-au-Prince, Associated Press in (26 October 2015). "Haiti elects a president – but nobody knows for sure who voters chose". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  13. ^ "Haiti - FLASH : Jocelerme Privert, provisional President of Haiti - HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7". www.haitilibre.com. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  14. ^ "Haiti: Constitution, 1987". pdba.georgetown.edu. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  15. ^ DeAeth, Duncan (28 May 2018). "As President of Haiti arrives in Taipei, a crucial test begins for Tsai administration". Taiwan News. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  16. ^ Chinese (Taiwan) Yearbook of International Law and Affairs. 36. Brill. p. 242. ISBN 9789004414181.
  17. ^ "President Tsai hosts state banquet for Haitian President Jovenel Moïse". Office of the President, Republic of China. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
Political offices
Preceded by
Jocelerme Privert
Interim
President of Haiti
2017–present
Incumbent