Jovenel Moïse

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Jovenel Moïse
Jovenel Moise.jpg
42nd President of Haiti
Assumed office
7 February 2017
Prime Minister Enex Jean-Charles
Jack Guy Lafontant
Preceded by Jocelerme Privert (Interim)
Personal details
Born (1968-06-26) 26 June 1968 (age 50)
Trou-du-Nord, Haiti
Nationality Haitian
Political party Tèt Kale Party
Spouse(s) Martine Étienne Joseph
Alma mater Quisqueya University

Jovenel Moïse (born 26 June 1968) is a Haitian politician serving as the 42nd and current President of Haiti since February 2017. Previously, final official results had shown him as the winner of the November 2016 election.[1][2]

Early life and education[edit]

Jovenel Moïse was born to a middle-class family in Trou-du-Nord, Nord-Est. He is the son of Etienne Moïse, a merchant, and Lucia Bruno, a seamstress.

In July 1974, his family moved to Port-au-Prince, where he attended the Don Durélin National School, the Lycée Toussaint Louverture, and the Cultural Center of the Collège Canado-Haïtien. He studied political science at Université Quisqueya and married Martine Marie Etienne Joseph, a classmate, in 1996. That year, he left the capital and moved to Port-de-Paix with the goal of developing rural areas.

Business career[edit]

With little investment capital, Moïse created his first business in Port-de-Paix: JOMAR Auto Parts, still in operation today.

Shortly after, he began a project to provide clean water to rural areas. In 2001, he partnered with Culligan, a company based in Port-au-Prince. With loans from financial institutions and individuals, he opened a water plant serving the departments of Nord-Ouest and Nord-Est.

In 2004, Moïse became a member of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Northwest (CCINO). Soon after, he was elected president of CCINO. He later became secretary general of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Haiti (CCIH), where he helped increase the representation of the regional Chambers of Commerce within the national organization.

In 2008, he helped found the Haitian Energy Company SA, which aims to bring solar and wind power to 10 communes in Nord-Ouest.

In 2012, in Trou-du-Nord, he founded Agritrans SA and helped create Haiti's first agricultural free trade zone, a banana plantation spread out on nearly 1,000 hectares of land in Nord-Est.[3] This led to more than a dozen agricultural projects that created almost 3,000 direct jobs and 10,000 indirect jobs.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

In 2015, President Michel Martelly designated Moïse as the presidential candidate of the political party Martelly founded, the Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK).

In his campaign, Moïse promoted bio-ecological agriculture as an economic engine for Haiti, whose population is over 50% rural. He also expressed support for policies pursued by Martelly: universal education and health care, energy reform, rule of law, the creation of sustainable jobs, environmental protection, and development of Haiti as a destination for ecotourism and agritourism.

Moïse received 32.8% of votes in the first round of the 2015 elections held on 15 October 2015, qualifying for a runoff with the second-place finisher, Jude Célestin.[4] However, an exit poll conducted by the Haiti Sentinel showed Moïse receiving only 6% of the vote,[5] and many observers called the results fraudulent.[6] Thousands of people took to the streets in violent protest, forcing the postponement of the runoff election.[7]

On 27 November 2016, election officials said Moïse had won the 2016 election in the first round based on preliminary results, with an estimated voter turnout of 21%.[8]

2015 and 2016 Haitian presidential elections[edit]

Candidate Party First round (2015) First round (2016)
Votes % Votes %
Jovenel Moïse Haitian Tèt Kale Party 508,761 32.81 595,430 55.67
Jude Célestin Ligue Alternative pour le Progrès et l'Emancipation Haitienne 392,782 25.27 208,837 19.52
Jean-Charles Moïse Platfom Pitit Desalin 222,109 14.27 118,142 11.04
Maryse Narcisse Fanmi Lavalas 108,844 7.05 96,121 8.99
Eric Jean Baptiste Mouvement Action Socialiste 56,427 3.63 Did not run N/A
Source: CEP Haiti

Note: Table abridged as there are too many candidates. See pdf for more candidates and their performances.

References[edit]

  1. ^ @cep_haiti (28 November 2016). "Résultats préliminaires des élections présidentielles du 20 Novembre 2016 pic.twitter.com/i9GsrkkU8p" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  2. ^ Brice, Makini (29 November 2016). "Businessman Moise wins Haiti election in first round - provisional results". Port-au-Prince: Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2017. 
  3. ^ Haiti Libre Staff (25 October 2015). "Haïti - Portrait : Qui est Jovenel Moïse ?". Haiti Libre (in French). Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  4. ^ Robles, Frances (21 January 2016). "U.S. Presses for Haiti Runoff Vote Amid Fears of Violence and Fraud". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Only 6% voted for Jovenel Moïse according to Exit Poll". Haiti Sentinel. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Charles, Jacqueline (29 October 2015). "Haitian observers: 'Massive fraud' in vote". Miami Herald. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  7. ^ Robles, Frances (22 January 2016). "Haiti Postpones Presidential Runoff as Violence Rises". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  8. ^ Jacqueline Charles (28 November 2016). "Banana farmer wins Haiti presidency, according to preliminary results". Miami Herald. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Jocelerme Privert
Interim
President of Haiti
2017–present
Incumbent