Jovenel Moïse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Jovenel Moïse
Jovenel Moise.jpg
58th President of Haiti
Assumed office
7 February 2017
Prime MinisterEnex Jean-Charles
Jack Guy Lafontant
Jean-Henry Céant
Jean Michel Lapin (fr) (acting)
Fritz-William Michel
Preceded byJocelerme Privert (interim)
Personal details
Born (1968-06-26) 26 June 1968 (age 51)
Trou-du-Nord, Haiti
NationalityHaitian
Political partyTèt Kale
Spouse(s)Martine Étienne Joseph
ChildrenJoverlein Moïse, Jomarlie Moïse, Jovenel Moïse, Jr.
Alma materQuisqueya University

Jovenel Moïse (born 26 June 1968) is an entrepreneur and politician serving as the 58th President of Haiti. Final official results had shown him as the winner of the November 2016 election.[1][2] In 2019, political unrest and calls for his resignation became a crisis.[3][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Jovenel Moïse was born in Trou-du-Nord, Nord-Est on June 26, 1968. In July 1974, his family moved to Port-au-Prince, where he continued his primary studies at Ecole Nationale Don Durélin, and followed up with his secondary studies first at Lycée Toussaint Louverture, and then at Centre Culturel du Collège Canado-Haïtien. Later, he studied geography and political science at Faculté des Sciences de l’Education de l'Université Quisqueya and despite a planned future as an educator, he instead chose entrepreneurship.

In 1996, he married his classmate Martine Marie Etienne Joseph. That same year, they left the capital and established in Port-de-Paix to develop rural areas.

Business career[edit]

With little investment capital, Moïse launched his first business in Port-de-Paix, JOMAR Auto Parts, still in operation today. That same year, he began development of an agricultural project of organic banana production from a plantation extending to over 25 acres of land in the Northwest department.

In 2001, Moïse partnered with Culligan to start a drinking water plant for distribution to the Nord-Ouest and Northeast regions.

In 2004, Moïse became a member of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Northwest (CCINO). Soon after, he was elected president of CCINO. He later became secretary general of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Haiti (CCIH), where he helped with the integration and fair representation of the regional Chambers of Commerce within the national organization.

In 2008, he helped found Compagnie Haïtienne d’Énergie S.A. (COMPHENER S.A.), a regional electric company aiming to bring solar and wind power to 10 communes in Nord-Ouest.

In 2012, he founded AGRITRANS SA, introduced the agricultural project NOURRIBIO to Trou du Nord, and helped create Haiti's first agricultural free trade zone, a 2,500-acre banana plantation in Nord-Est.[5] With this project, Moïse was able to successfully cultivate unfarmable land into a lush, integrated and sustainable project that is a model for development of Haiti’s agricultural sector. Through this project, Haiti was able to export organic bananas to Germany, for the first time since 1954. This led him to be nicknamed Nèg Bannann (Banana Man)[6] and to more than a dozen agricultural projects that created almost 3,000 direct jobs and 10,000 indirect jobs.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

In 2015, President Michel Martelly designated Moïse as the presidential candidate of the political party Martelly founded, the Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK).

In his campaign, Moïse promoted bio-ecological agriculture as an economic engine for Haiti, whose population is over 50% rural. He also expressed support for policies pursued by Martelly: universal education and health care, energy reform, rule of law, the creation of sustainable jobs, environmental protection, and development of Haiti as a destination for ecotourism and agritourism.

Moïse received 32.8% of votes in the first round of the 2015 elections held on 15 October 2015, qualifying for a runoff with the second-place finisher, Jude Célestin.[7] However, an exit poll conducted by the Haiti Sentinel showed Moïse receiving only 6% of the vote,[8] and many observers called the results fraudulent.[9] Thousands of people took to the streets in violent protest, forcing the postponement of the runoff election.[10]

On 27 November 2016, election officials said Moïse had won the 2016 election in the first round based on preliminary results, with an estimated voter turnout of 21%.[11]

2015 and 2016 Haitian presidential elections[edit]

Candidate Party First round (2015) First round (2016)
Votes % Votes %
Jovenel Moïse Haitian Tèt Kale Party 508,761 32.81 595,430 55.67
Jude Célestin Ligue Alternative pour le Progrès et l'Emancipation Haitienne 392,782 25.27 208,837 19.52
Jean-Charles Moïse Platfom Pitit Desalin 222,109 14.27 118,142 11.04
Maryse Narcisse Fanmi Lavalas 108,844 7.05 96,121 8.99
Eric Jean Baptiste Mouvement Action Socialiste 56,427 3.63 Did not run N/A
Source: CEP Haiti

Note: Table abridged as there are too many candidates. See pdf for more candidates and their performances.

References[edit]

  1. ^ @cep_haiti (28 November 2016). "Résultats préliminaires des élections présidentielles du 20 Novembre 2016 pic.twitter.com/i9GsrkkU8p" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  2. ^ Brice, Makini (29 November 2016). "Businessman Moise wins Haiti election in first round - provisional results". Port-au-Prince: Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  3. ^ https://www.wlrn.org/post/mo-se-mess-haitis-political-standoff-and-humanitarian-crisis-wont-likely-end-soon
  4. ^ https://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/haiti/article235817752.html
  5. ^ Haiti Libre Staff (25 October 2015). "Haïti - Portrait : Qui est Jovenel Moïse ?". Haiti Libre (in French). Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  6. ^ Jake Johnston (27 July 2018). "Amid an Uprising, Can Haitian President Jovenel Moïse Deliver on His Promises?". The Nation. The government granted tax-free access to the land and a $6 million loan to a new company, Agritrans, owned by Moïse, the president of the local chamber of commerce. Anonymous investors contributed at least another $10 million.
  7. ^ Robles, Frances (21 January 2016). "U.S. Presses for Haiti Runoff Vote Amid Fears of Violence and Fraud". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Only 6% voted for Jovenel Moïse according to Exit Poll". Haiti Sentinel. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  9. ^ Charles, Jacqueline (29 October 2015). "Haitian observers: 'Massive fraud' in vote". Miami Herald. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  10. ^ Robles, Frances (22 January 2016). "Haiti Postpones Presidential Runoff as Violence Rises". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  11. ^ Jacqueline Charles (28 November 2016). "Banana farmer wins Haiti presidency, according to preliminary results". Miami Herald. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Jocelerme Privert
Interim
President of Haiti
2017–present
Incumbent