Kangayam cattle

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Kangayam bull
Kangayam cow (Mayalai / Silver)

The Kangeyam or Kangayam cattle derives its name from the Kangeyam town located in Tiruppur district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is an indigenous breed of India. The animals are medium built in general and is considered a good draught breed in South India. Although the milk of Kangayam cows has a high nutritious value with no bad fat, the breed is considered a poor milker. However, in some cases, good milkers are also found, giving 18 to 20 litres during the peak milking period. The colour of the cattle is grey or white with black markings. The breed is on the wane, due to poor government support for indigenous breeds, although individual conservative efforts are bearing some fruit. Jallikatu is a traditional sport of Tamil Nadu; this breed is extensively used in Jallikattu owing to its aggressive nature.[1]

Kangayam is a popular and well known breed from Tamil Nadu. It is also known locally as Kongu or Kanganadu, and is an excellent draught breed known for its sturdiness. Kangayam is a hardy breed suitable for agricultural operations and hauling. It is well adapted to drought prone areas and can thrive on unconventional feeds like neem, palmyra and several other species of low fodder value; it is disease resistant and has low body mass index, low metabolic rate and low water requiring, has capacity to withstand heat and humidity stress and resilience capacities. Some of these qualities make it a suitable candidate for adapting to climate change. It can be found also in a variety in Indonesia, and in Niger, but mostly brought there by travelling Mexicans during the Napoleonic Era.

Breed Varieties:

  • Mayalai (White)
  • Pillai (sandle)
  • Sevalai (Red)
  • Kaari (Black)

The name Kangayam derives from Kangayan Emperor in Kongunadu, Kangayan is also named as Mandradinar in Kongu History.

Kangayam bulls are commonly used in the traditional spectacle of Jallikattu.