Karawang Regency

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Karawang Regency
Kabupaten Karawang
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundaneseᮊᮘᮥᮕᮒᮨᮔ᮪ ᮊᮛᮝᮀ
Curug Cigentis.jpg
Cibuaya estuary - panoramio.jpg
Batujaya temple.jpg
From top, left to right: Curug Cigentis, Cibuaya Estuary, Jiwa Temple in Batujaya
Coat of arms of Karawang Regency
Motto(s): 
Interasih (Indah Tertib Aman Bersih)
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Karawang Regency is located in Java
Karawang Regency
Karawang Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Karawang Regency is located in Indonesia
Karawang Regency
Karawang Regency
Karawang Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°18′07″S 107°18′17″E / 6.3020°S 107.3046°E / -6.3020; 107.3046Coordinates: 6°18′07″S 107°18′17″E / 6.3020°S 107.3046°E / -6.3020; 107.3046
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceWest Java
Government
 • RegentCellica Nurrachadiana
 • Vice RegentAep Syaepuloh
Area
 • Total1,753.27 km2 (676.94 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2021 official estimate)
 • Total2,406,900
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Area code(s)(+62)267, (+62)264
Websitekarawangkab.go.id

Karawang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. The town of Karawang is its administrative centre. The regency covers an area of 1,753.27 km2 and had a population of 2,127,791 people at the 2010 Census,[2] which grew to 2,361,019 at the 2020 Census.[3] The official estimate for mid 2021 was 2,406,900[4] for a density of 1,372.8 people per km2. The regency borders Bekasi and Bogor regencies in the west, the Java Sea in the north, Subang Regency in the east, Purwakarta Regency in the southeast, and Cianjur Regency in the south. The regency lies on the eastern outskirts of Metropolitan Jakarta, just outside the Jabodetabek region, and is the site of industrial activity (like factories).

The area continues to grow which marked the establishment of new factories by domestic and multinational companies in industrial areas. However, due to ever expanding Jakarta (primarily from the eastward expansion of the Jakarta-Cikampek Toll Road and the Cikampek-Palimanan Toll Road), it has seen a heavy influx of housing developments as well and a surge of people.

Administrative districts[edit]

Karawang Regency is divided into thirty districts (kecamatan) comprising 309 administrative villages (desa and Kelurahan). The districts are listed below with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census[5] and the 2020 Census,[6] together with the official estimate for mid 2021.[7] The table includes the location of the district headquarters, the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal code.

District Area
in km2
Population
2010
Census
Population
2020
Census
Population
2021
Estimate
Administrative
centre
No. of
villages
Post
code
Pangkalan 94.27 35,245 38,408 41,270 Ciptasari 8 41362
Tegalwaru 86.34 34,154 37,626 39,450 Cintalaksana 9 41364
Ciampel 110.13 39,340 44,104 44,590 Kutapohaci 7 41363
Telukjambe Timur
(East Telukjambe)
40.13 126,616 135,914 134,480 Telukjambe 9 41360
Telukjambe Barat
(West Telukjambe)
73.36 48,803 54,957 56,110 Karangmulya 10 41361
Klari 59.37 155,336 181,111 200,020 Duren 13 41371
Cikampek 47.60 107,020 115,369 120,770 Dawuan Tengah 10 41373
Purwasari 29.44 63,274 75,934 81,780 Sukasari 8 41377
Tirtamulya 35.06 44,274 49,599 50,620 Citarik 10 41372
Jatisari 53.28 72,003 78,565 81,480 Mekarsari 14 41375
Banyusari 55.30 51,012 55,425 56,780 Gembongan 12 41374
Kotabaru 30.45 119,710 131,136 139,220 Wancimekar 9 41376
Cilamaya Wetan 69.36 75,318 78,279 80,960 Mekarmaya 12 41386
Cilamaya Kulon 63.18 59,780 64,566 66,690 Sukamulya 12 41384
Lemahabang 46.91 60,758 64,711 66,800 Karangtanjung 11 41383
Telagasari 45.72 60,163 68,183 69,710 Talagasari 14 41381
Majalaya 30.09 44,016 64,557 76,510 Majalaya 7 41370
Karawang Timur
(East Karawang)
29.77 118,001 146,326 155,740 Adiarsa Timur
(East Adiarsa)
9 41313
-41314
Karawang Barat
(West Karawang)
33.68 155,471 161,554 165,720 Tanjungmekar 8 41311
-41316
Rawamerta 49.43 48,657 53,608 54,700 Sukamerta 13 41382
Tempuran 88.09 58,608 64,976 65,720 Pancakarya 14 41385
Kutawaluya 48.67 53,741 59,086 61,360 Waluya 12 41358
Rengasdengklok 31.46 104,494 109,718 117,270 Rengasdengklok
Selatan (South
Rengasdengklok)
9 41352
Jayakerta 41.24 59,929 65,557 68,080 Jayamakmur 8 41351
Pedes 60.84 70,168 78,187 79,830 Payungsari 12 41353
Cilebar 64.20 39,421 43,494 45,470 Kertamukti 10 41350
Cibuaya 87.18 48,660 52,050 53,880 Pejaten 11 41356
Tirtajaya 92.25 61,919 70,166 70,830 Sabajaya 11 41357
Batujaya 91.89 75,336 77,966 81,560 Batujaya 10 41354
Pakisjaya 64.48 36,564 39,887 41,190 Tanjungbungin 8 41355
Totals 1,753.27 2,127,791 2,361,019 2,406,900 Karawang 309

History[edit]

On 9 December 1947, a massacre was carried out in Rawagede (now located in the village of Balongsari, Rawamerta, Karawang), between Karawang and Bekasi, by the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army. A total of 431 residents became victims of this massacre.

Culture[edit]

Karawang dancers on stilts

Topography[edit]

Most of Karawang Regency consists of a broad coastal plain; it lies on the northern coast of Java, and is the result of the deposition of sedimentary rocks formed by loose materials, especially marine sediments and volcanic alluvium. While in the middle of the regency are hills mostly formed by sedimentary rocks, in the south there is a mountain (Sanggabuana) with a height of about 1,291 metres above sea level. The regency is roughly equidistant from Jakarta and Bandung, and the two metropolitan areas have a combined home population of over 40 million people.

Climate[edit]

Demography[edit]

The estimated population in mid 2020 was 2,370,488 comprising 1,213,004 male and 1,157,484 female.[8] The general population is ethnically Sundanese, with Islam adherents comprising 98.17% of the population according to the 2010 census.[9]

Sport[edit]

The football club Persika Karawang, which plays in Liga 2, is based in Karawang's Singaperbangsa Stadium. The city had also hosted the Madura United F.C. between 2010 and 2012 when it was known as Pelita Jaya Karawang.

Industrial estates[edit]

Currently, according to the data of the Indonesian Industrial Zone Association (HKI), there are at least nine major industrial areas, namely Karawang New Industry City (KNIC), Karawang International Industrial City (KIIC), Bukit Indah City, Surya Cipta Industrial Area, Karawang Jabar Industrial Estate, Podomoro Industrial Park, Kujang Industrial Area, Karawang Mitrakarawang Industry, GT Tech Park Karawang, and Artha Industrial Hill.[10]

New Airport[edit]

A new main airport for Greater Jakarta and the heavily populated surrounding area is planned for bids in 2014; it is located within the regency, to provide relief to severely congested Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, the nation's largest gateway, as well as overloaded Bandung Airport. The new airport is expected to have space for 4 long runways 2,136 by 19 metres (7,008 ft × 62 ft) and 2 jumbo terminals. The current airport takes up some 18 square kilometers of land, in all likelihood a similar allocation of land will be required.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Trans-Java main rail line runs across the central part of the Regency, with a stop at Karawang Station. Likewise, Jakarta's main airport is also mulled for the regency. The Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road runs through the regency, connecting to Cipularang Toll Road which goes to Purwakarta and Bandung. This district will also be crossed by Jakarta-Bandung a fast train.

Karawang adipati (regents) during the Mataram and colonial periods[edit]

  1. Prince Singaperbangsa (1633-1677), under the title Adipati Kertabumi III
  2. Raden Anom Wirasuta (1677-1721), son of Singaperbangsa
  3. Raden Jayanegara (1721-1731), son of Wirasuta, under the title Adipati Panatayuda II
  4. Raden Singanegara (1752-1786), son of Jayanegara, under the title Adipati Panatayuda IV
  5. Raden Singasari (1786-1809), son-in-law of Singanegara, under the title Raden Adipati Aria Singasari
  6. Raden Aria Sastradipura (1809-1811), son of Singanegara
  7. Raden Adipati Suryalaga (1811-1813), eldest son of Raden Adipati Suryalaga, adipati of Sumedang
  8. Raden Aria Sastradipura (1811-1820), son of Singanegara
  9. Raden Adipati Suryanata (1821-1829), son-in-law of Sastradipura
  10. Raden Adipati Suryawinata (1829-1849), younger brother of Suryanata
  11. Raden Muhammad Enoh (1849-1854), under the title Raden Sastranegara
  12. Raden Adipati Sumadipura (1854-1863), son of Sastradipura, under the title Raden Tumenggung Aria Sastradiningrat I, builds the pendopo (regent palace) and the Grand Mosque of Purwakarta
  13. Raden Adikusumah (1883-1886), under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat II
  14. Raden Surya Kusumah (1886-1911), son of Adikusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
  15. Raden Tumenggung Aria Gandanagara (1911-1925), younger brother of Surya Kusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
  16. Raden Adipati Aria Suryamiharja (1925-1942)
  17. Raden Panduwinata (1942-1945), under the title Raden Kanjeng Pandu Suriadiningrat, last bupati to reside in Purwakarta, moves to Subang.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  2. ^ http://www.gatra.com/2010-08-25/artikel.php?id=140930[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakartta, 2021.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  8. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  9. ^ "Penduduk Menurut Kelompok Umur dan Agama yang Dianut - Kabupaten Karawang". sp2010.bps.go.id. Statistics Indonesia.
  10. ^ "Para Naga Penguasa Jakarta Beradu Perkasa di Karawang". Kompas. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Karawang Airport ready for kick-off in 2014". thejakartapost.com.

External links[edit]

Media related to Karawang Regency at Wikimedia Commons