Karawang Regency

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Karawang Regency

Kabupaten Karawang
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundaneseᮊᮘᮥᮕᮒᮨᮔ᮪ ᮊᮛᮝᮀ
Curug Cigentis.jpg
Cibuaya estuary - panoramio.jpg
Batujaya temple.jpg
From top, left to right: Curug Cigentis, Cibuaya Estuary, Jiwa Temple in Batujaya,
Official seal of Karawang Regency
Seal
Motto(s): 
Interasih (Indah Tertib Aman Bersih)
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Karawang Regency is located in Java
Karawang Regency
Karawang Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Karawang Regency is located in Indonesia
Karawang Regency
Karawang Regency
Karawang Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°18′07″S 107°18′17″E / 6.3020°S 107.3046°E / -6.3020; 107.3046Coordinates: 6°18′07″S 107°18′17″E / 6.3020°S 107.3046°E / -6.3020; 107.3046
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceWest Java
Government
 • RegentCellica Nurrachadiana
Area
 • Total1,652.20 km2 (637.92 sq mi)
Population
(2014)
 • Total2,288,254
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Area code(s)(+62)267, (+62)264
Websitehttp://www.karawang.go.id

Karawang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. Karawang is its capital. It has an area of 1,652.2 km2 and a 2010 census population of 2,127,791 people;[1] the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,288,254, for a density of 1,385 people per km2. The district borders Bekasi and Bogor regencies in the west, the Java Sea in the north, Subang Regency in the east, Purwakarta Regency in the southeast, and Cianjur Regency in the south. The regency lies on the eastern outskirts of Metropolitan Jakarta, just outside the Jabodetabek region, and is the site of industrial activity (like factories).

The area continues to grow which marked the establishment of new factories by domestic and multinational companies in industrial areas. However, due to ever expanding Jakarta (primarily from the eastward expansion of the Jakarta-Cikampek Toll Road and the Cikampek-Palimanan Toll Road), it has seen a heavy influx of housing developments as well and a surge of people.

Administrative districts[edit]

Karawang Regency is divided into thirty districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census:[2]

History[edit]

Culture[edit]

Karawang dancers on stilts

Topography[edit]

Most of Karawang Regency consists of broad coastal plain; it lies on the northern coast and is the result of the deposition of sedimentary rocks formed by loose materials, especially marine sediments and volcanic alluvium. While in the middle of the regency are hills mostly formed by sedimentary rocks, in the south there is a mountain (Sanggabuana) with a height of about 1,291 metres above sea level.The regency is roughly equidistant from Jakarta and Bandung, and the two metropolitan areas have a combined home population of over 40 million people.

Climate[edit]

Demography[edit]

The general population is ethnically Sundanese, with Islam adherents comprising 98.17% of the population according to the 2010 census.[3]

Sport[edit]

The football club Persika Karawang, which plays in Liga 2, is based in Karawang's Singaperbangsa Stadium. The city had also hosted the Madura United F.C. between 2010 and 2012 when it was known as Pelita Jaya Karawang.

Industrial estates[edit]

Currently, according to the data of the Indonesian Industrial Zone Association (HKI), there are at least nine major industrial areas, namely Karawang International Industrial City (KIIC), Bukit Indah City, Surya Cipta Industrial Area, Karawang Jabar Industrial Estate, Podomoro Industrial Park, Kujang Industrial Area, Karawang Mitrakarawang Industry, GT Tech Park Karawang, and Artha Industrial Hill.[4]

New Airport[edit]

A new main airport for Greater Jakarta and the heavily populated surrounding area is planned for bids in 2014; it is located within the regency, to provide relief to severely congested Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, the nation's largest gateway, as well as overloaded Bandung Airport. The new airport is expected to have space for 4 long runways 2,136 by 19 metres (7,008 ft × 62 ft) and 2 jumbo terminals. The current airport takes up some 18 square kilometers of land, in all likelihood a similar allocation of land will be required.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Trans-Java main rail line runs across the central part of the Regency, with a stop at Karawang Station. Likewise, Jakarta's main airport is also mulled for the regency. The Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road runs through the regency, connecting to Cipularang Toll Road which goes to Purwakarta and Bandung. This district will also be crossed by Jakarta-Bandung a fast train.

Karawang adipati (regents) during the Mataram and colonial periods[edit]

  1. Prince Singaperbangsa (1633-1677), under the title Adipati Kertabumi III
  2. Raden Anom Wirasuta (1677-1721), son of Singaperbangsa
  3. Raden Jayanegara (1721-1731), son of Wirasuta, under the title Adipati Panatayuda II
  4. Raden Singanegara (1752-1786), son of Jayanegara, under the title Adipati Panatayuda IV
  5. Raden Singasari (1786-1809), son-in-law of Singanegara, under the title Raden Adipati Aria Singasari
  6. Raden Aria Sastradipura (1809-1811), son of Singanegara
  7. Raden Adipati Suryalaga (1811-1813), eldest son of Raden Adipati Suryalaga, adipati of Sumedang
  8. Raden Aria Sastradipura (1811-1820), son of Singanegara
  9. Raden Adipati Suryanata (1821-1829), son-in-law of Sastradipura
  10. Raden Adipati Suryawinata (1829-1849), younger brother of Suryanata
  11. Raden Muhammad Enoh (1849-1854), under the title Raden Sastranegara
  12. Raden Adipati Sumadipura (1854-1863), son of Sastradipura, under the title Raden Tumenggung Aria Sastradiningrat I, builds the pendopo (regent palace) and the Grand Mosque of Purwakarta
  13. Raden Adikusumah (1883-1886), under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat II
  14. Raden Surya Kusumah (1886-1911), son of Adikusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
  15. Raden Tumenggung Aria Gandanagara (1911-1925), younger brother of Surya Kusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
  16. Raden Adipati Aria Suryamiharja (1925-1942)
  17. Raden Panduwinata (1942-1945), under the title Raden Kanjeng Pandu Suriadiningrat, last bupati to reside in Purwakarta, moves to Subang.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gatra.com/2010-08-25/artikel.php?id=140930
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ "Penduduk Menurut Kelompok Umur dan Agama yang Dianut - Kabupaten Karawang". sp2010.bps.go.id. Statistics Indonesia.
  4. ^ "Para Naga Penguasa Jakarta Beradu Perkasa di Karawang". Kompas. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Karawang Airport ready for kick-off in 2014". thejakartapost.com.

External links[edit]

Media related to Karawang Regency at Wikimedia Commons