Husein Sastranegara International Airport

Coordinates: 06°54′02″S 107°34′35″E / 6.90056°S 107.57639°E / -6.90056; 107.57639
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Husein Sastranegara
International Airport

Bandar Udara Internasional
Husein Sastranegara
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerIndonesian Air Force
OperatorPT Angkasa Pura II
ServesWest Java (excluding the Jabodetabek area)
LocationBandung, West Java, Indonesia
Time zoneWIB (UTC+07:00)
Elevation AMSL2,436 ft / 742 m
Coordinates06°54′02″S 107°34′35″E / 6.90056°S 107.57639°E / -6.90056; 107.57639
Websitewww.huseinsastranegara-airport.co.id
Map
BDO is located in Bandung
BDO
BDO
Location within Bandung
BDO is located in Java
BDO
BDO
Location within Java
BDO is located in Indonesia
BDO
BDO
Location within Indonesia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11/29 7,381 2,250 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers4,310,000 Increase
Aircraft movements-
Cargo-

Husein Sastranegara International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Husein Sastranegara, Sundanese: ᮘᮔ᮪ᮓᮁ ᮅᮓᮛ ᮄᮔ᮪ᮒᮨᮁᮔᮞᮤᮇᮔᮜ᮪ ᮠᮥᮞᮨᮄᮔ᮪ ᮞᮞ᮪ᮒᮢᮔᮨᮌᮛ) (IATA: BDO, ICAO: WICC)[1] is an airport in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. It is located within the city and 2.4 km from Bandung Central train station. The site occupies an area of 145 hectares (358 acres) and serves the area of civil aviation in the south western region of Java. The airfield is conjoined with the Husein Sastranegara air force base of the Indonesian Air Force.

The airport is located in the city of Bandung and is surrounded by mountains, thus the landing approach has unique characteristics. The runway is suitable for aircraft as large as the Boeing 757 and Boeing 767 (200) series and even the Boeing C-17A Globemaster III.[2] The airport provides for a capacity of 3.5 million passengers over an area of 180,000 square feet (17,000 m2).[3] The airport was awarded the best airport in Asia-Pacific in 2020 (2-5 million passengers per annum category) by Airports Council International.[4]

History

The airport was built in Andir village during the Dutch colonial period. The airport was named Andir Airfield, but is currently named after an Indonesian aviation hero from West Java, Husein Sastranegara. By 2010, the airport was seeing 30 flights per day.

The Bandung Air Show 2010 took place as a major event for the first time at the airport in September 2010, bringing international aviation audiences. In 2012, Bandung Air Show took place again at the airport bringing even more international aviation audiences. It was again held in 2013 and 2015, and is now a biennial event.

Prior to 2016, the airport had an ideal capacity of only 750,000 passengers per year, therefore was running extremely over capacity, under-equipped and under-staffed. Currently the combined old and newly built section of terminal provides capacity of roughly 3.5 million passengers per year when all the 2015-2017 redevelopment are finished.[5][3]

Martin B-10 bomber of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force at Andir airfield (1937)

Terminal and facilities

The airport terminal has two concourses which are used for domestic and international flights. The area of the terminal is 17,000 square metres (182,986 sq ft) over three floors.

There are two executive lounges, Internet access, LED displays, a prayer room, coffee/tea shops, restaurants, bookstore, shopping arcades and ATMs.

On the north side of the runway, there are airport facilities owned by PT Dirgantara Indonesia. Moreover, the airport is also equipped with PAPI (Precision Approach Path Indicator) and VOR (VHF omnidirectional range), devices that help planes to land at night and other navigation tools.

Since 1 February 2009, international-flight passengers are required to pay an airport tax of IDR 75,000, while domestic flight passengers are required pay an airport tax of IDR 25,000.[6]

PT Angkasa Pura II, as the airport operator, had targeted at mid-year 2010, for the airport runway to be thickened from Pavement Classification Number (PCN) 37 cm to PCN 52 cm, to accommodate larger narrowbody aircraft, such as the Airbus A320neo, Boeing 737 MAX, and Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen[7] As of April 2011, the 2,250-metre-long (7,380 ft) runway overlay was less than 50-percent complete, although an Airbus A320 has landed.[8]

Kertajati International Airport

Kertajati International Airport, also known as Majalengka Airport or Bandar Udara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB), is an airport at the northeastern part of West Java, Indonesia. Inaugurated on May 24, 2018, the airport is the second largest airport by area in Indonesia after Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. The airport, with a 3,000 metre long runway, is located in Majalengka Regency, around 68 kilometres east of Bandung. It is constructed to serve as the second international airport of Bandung Metropolitan Area as well as serving Cirebon Metropolitan, and parts of both West Java and Central Java province.

With an annual capacity of 29 million passengers, the airport is set to replace Husein Sastranegara International Airport upon completion. From then on, Husein Sastranegara International Airport will only serve limited commercial, military and private aviation.

On 1 July 2019, all domestic flights from Husein Sastranegara International Airport (located within the city of Bandung) were diverted to Kertajati Airport.[9] Many passengers and airlines complained that the airport was too far from the city of Bandung that it served.[10][11] The diversion of all domestic flights from Husein to Kertjati was also criticized as being too soon. Prior to the completion of the Cisumdawu Toll Road, access to the airport to and from Bandung was inconvenient and poor. These factors caused domestic visitors from outside of Java to shun Bandung, resulting in a decline of hotel and restaurant revenue in the city.[12] Many domestic flights to Kertajati were returned to Husein on 20 August 2020.[13]

On 11 July 2023, Indonesian President Joko Widodo announced that Husein Sastranegara International Airport will be retired and all commercial flights will be moved to Kertajati starting October 2023 when it is fully operational.[14] As of November 2023, with the exception of turboprop flights, all other scheduled passenger flights have been relocated to Kertajati International Airport.

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
Susi Air Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma,[15] Pangandaran


Ground transportation

The airport is located at the end of Pajajaran Street where taxis are widely available. Some hotels in Bandung provide free airport transfer services and car rental also is available. The airport has carpark facilities which can accommodate hundreds of cars.[16]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 17 July 1997, Trigana Air Service Flight 304, operated by a Fokker 27 PK-YPM crashed shortly after takeoff. All 5 crew members and 23 of the 45 passengers on board perished.[17]
  • On 6 April 2009, a non-civil Indonesian Air Force Fokker F-27 crashed on landing and hit Hangar D of PT Dirgantara Indonesia (Indonesian Aerospace), killing all 24 people on board. This crash is believed to have been caused by bad weather.[citation needed]
  • On 16 April 2009, Merpati Nusantara Airlines flight 616, heading for Surabaya and Denpasar, failed to take off after running 400 metres (1,310 ft) on the runway and returned to the apron. No injuries or fatalities occurred.[citation needed]
  • On 24 September 2010, a privately owned Super Decathlon (registered PK-NZP) crashed after the pilot attempted an acrobatic maneuver. The pilot, Alexander Supeli, an Indonesian aerospace engineer died several days later.[18]
  • On 29 September 2012, FASI AS-202 Bravo crashed and killed both the pilot and copilot after the pilot, Nurman Lubis attempted an acrobatic maneuver on Bandung Airshow 2012.[19]

Notes

References

  1. ^ "BDO - Bandung [Bandung-Husein Sastranegara Intl], JB, ID - Airport - Great Circle Mapper".
  2. ^ "Discover Bandung". Archived from the original on 7 March 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Nuansa Biru di Wajah Baru Bandara Husein Sastranegara Bandung". 3 April 2016.
  4. ^ "2020 - Best Airport by Size and Region".
  5. ^ "Perluasan Bandara Husein Sastranegara Ditargetkan Juli 2010", BisnisKeuangan.kompas.com, 26 January 2010.
  6. ^ SK. DIREKSI:KEP.15.02 1 February 2009
  7. ^ "Tempo interaktif – Indonesian" Archived 28 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, tempointeraktif.com, 21 April 2010.
  8. ^ "Bandung Airport Upgraded for Wide Planes", 5 April 2011, webpage: JP5.
  9. ^ "1 Juli 2019, Bandara Husein Sastranegara Pindah ke Kertajati". www.cnnindonesia.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 July 2023.
  10. ^ "Warga Keluhkan Jarak Bandara Kertajati Terlalu Jauh". gatra (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  11. ^ Wijaya, Callistasia (2 July 2019). "Bandara Kertajati: Terletak jauh dari pusat kota, akankah diminati masyarakat?". BBC (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Tingkat Kunjungan Menurun, Pajak Hotel dan Restoran di Bandung Tak Capai Target". www.prfmnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  13. ^ "CitiLink dan Lion Buka Kembali Penerbangan di Bandara Husein". www.news.republika.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 July 2023.
  14. ^ "Warga Bandung Harus Naik Pesawat Via Kertajati Mulai Oktober". www.cnbcindonesia.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 July 2023.
  15. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (29 December 2023). "Penerbangan Susi Air Rute Bandung-Pangandaran Dibuka Mulai Hari Ini". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 January 2024.
  16. ^ (Persero), PT Angkasa Pura II. "Halaman Tidak Ditemukan - PT Angkasa Pura II".
  17. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 600 PK-YPM Bandung".
  18. ^ "Pesawat yang Jatuh Super Decathlon, Biasa Disebut Cessna" (in Indonesian). detikNews. 24 September 2010. Archived from the original on 7 August 2012.
  19. ^ "Pesawat jatuh di Bandung Air Show" [Plane falls in Bandung Air Show]. bbc.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 November 2021.

External links