1967 in spaceflight

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The year 1967 in spaceflight saw more orbital launches than any other year before or after, including that of the first Australian satellite, WRESAT, which was launched from the Woomera Test Range atop an American Sparta rocket. The United States National Space Science Data Center catalogued 172 spacecraft placed into orbit by launches which occurred in 1967.[1]

The year saw both setbacks and advances for the United States Apollo programme. Three astronauts; Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee, were killed in a fire aboard the AS-204 spacecraft at Cape Kennedy Launch Complex 34 on 27 January whilst rehearsing the launch. On 20 October the Saturn V rocket made its maiden flight.

Launches[edit]

This is a list of spaceflights launched in 1967.


Launch Date/Time Rocket Launch
Site
Launch Contractor Payload Operator Orbit Mission/
Function
Re-Entry/
Destruction
Outcome Remarks
11 January
10:55 GMT
Delta E1 LC-17, Cape Canaveral Intelsat 2 F-2 Intelsat Geostationary Comsat Still in orbit Successful
21 January
06:38 GMT
Black Brant II-AA2 Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and Plasma N/A Successful
31 January
12:45 GMT
Scout B SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force OV3-05 US Air Force Intended: LEO Magnetosphere research satellite 31 January 1967 Failure
4 February
05:21 GMT
Black Brant II-AA2 Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and Meteorites N/A Successful
10 March
11:30 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Kosmos 146 RVSN LEO Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P 18 March 1967 Successful Maiden Flight of the Proton
14 March
06:00 GMT
Skylark AC LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Solar X-ray and Ultraviolet observation N/A Successful
4 April
00:32 GMT
Skylark 3 LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
8 April
09:00 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Kosmos 154 RVSN Actual: LEO Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P 10 April 1967 Failure Block D (4th stage) failed to re-ignite
10 April
10:51 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A X-ray astronomy N/A Successful
12 April
12:32 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A X-ray astronomy N/A Successful
14 April
03:25 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Transit 15 US Navy LEO Navigation Satellite Still in Orbit Successful
21 April Skylark 3 LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
23 April
00:35 GMT
Soyuz (A-10) LC-1/5, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 1
1 Cosmonaut (Vladimir Komarov)
RVSN LEO Test Soyuz spacecraft 24 April 1967 Failure Solar panels jammed, bad weather prevented Soyuz 2 launch, parachute failure during descent resulted in loss of crew
26 April
04:15 GMT
Black Brant VB-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and Meteorites N/A Successful
26 April
10:06 GMT
Scout B San Marco mobile range
Formosa Bay, Kenya
CRS San Marco 2 CRS LEO Atmospheric research satellite 14 October 1967 Successful
27 April
04:10 GMT
Black Brant VB-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Ionosphere, and plasma N/A Successful
27 April
04:31 GMT
Skylark 3 AC LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Test Sounding rocket N/A Successful
5 May
07:26 GMT
Black Brant VB-AAD Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and aeronomy N/A Successful
5 May
16:00 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Ariel 3 UK SRC LEO Atmospheric research 14 December 1970 Successful
18 May
09:05 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Transit 16 US Navy LEO Ionosphere and Aurora research Still in orbit Successful
22 May
00:12 GMT
Skylark 3 Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S11/1 ESRO Sub-orbital Ultraviolet Astronomy 22 May 1967 Successful
30 May
02:06 GMT
Scout B SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force ESRO 2A ESRO Intended: LEO Technology demonstration mission 30 May 1967 Failure Third Stage malfunction
25 May
23:24 GMT
Skylark 3 Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S05/2 ESRO Sub-orbital Ultraviolet Astronomy 25 May 1967 Successful
1 July GMT Titan IIIC Cape Canaveral DODGE (none) Department of Defense LEO N/A N/A Successful
3 August
07:36 GMT
Black Brant VB Fort Churchill MPI (none) N/A N/A Aeronomy and Ionosphere research N/A Successful
4 August
03:53 GMT
Europa LA-6A, Woomera ELDO (none) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle with battleship third stage N/A Failure Second stage failed to ignite
6 August
04:04 GMT
Black Brant VB Fort Churchill MPI (none) N/A N/A Aeronomy and Ionosphere research N/A Successful
8 August
03:38 GMT
Skylark 3 AC LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Solar X-ray and Ultraviolet observation N/A Successful
16 August
06:36 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Test Sounding rocket N/A Successful
24 August
10:05 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ultraviolet Astronomy N/A Successful
29 August
10:01 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ultraviolet Astronomy N/A Successful
25 September
08:25 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Transit 17 US Navy LEO Navigation satellite Still in orbit Successful
27 September
13:32 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S26/1 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere and Solar research 27 September 1967 Successful
27 September
22:11 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 7K-L1 4L RVSN Intended: Lunar free-return Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P T+67 seconds Failure First stage failure
28 September
16:35 GMT
Black Brant VA-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
19 October
17:33 GMT
Scout B LA-3A, Wallops Island US Air Force RAM C-1 NASA Sub-orbital Technology demonstration mission 19 October 1967 Successful
4 October
13:23 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S19/1 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere research 4 October 1967 Successful
5 October
04:11 GMT
Black Brant VA-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
7 October
14:50 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S26/2 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere and Solar research 7 October 1967 Successful
10 October
14:33 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S19/2 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere research 10 October 1967 Successful
9 November
12:00 GMT
Saturn V LC-39A, Kennedy NASA Apollo 4 NASA Test LV Successful First flight of Saturn V rocket
20 October
10:49 GMT
Black Brant III-AKF3 Resolute Bay NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research and X-ray astronomy N/A Successful
14 November
05:27 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Solar X-ray and Ultraviolet observation N/A Successful
17 November Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
22 November
19:07 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 7K-L1 5L RVSN Intended: Lunar free-return Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P 22 November 1967 Failure Second stage failure
29 November
GMT
Redstone rocket Woomera WRE WRESAT Technology LEO Atmospheric experiments 10 January 1968 Successful First Australian Launched Satellite
1 December
06:08 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Test Sounding rocket N/A Successful
4 December
21:01 GMT
Europa LA-6A, Woomera ELDO (none) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle with battleship third stage and boilerplate payload N/A Failure Second stage failed to separate
5 December
01:03 GMT
Scout B SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force OV3-06 US Air Force LEO Magnetosphere research satellite 9 March 1969 Successful
6 December
16:30 GMT
Black Brant VA-CRL-AF17.750D Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
8 February Lunar Orbiter 3 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 182 images
20 April Surveyor 3 Lunar landing in Oceanus Procellarum
8 May Lunar Orbiter 4 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 163 images
17 July Surveyor 4 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted Sinus Medii
22 July Explorer 35 Selenocentric orbit insertion
5 August Lunar Orbiter 5 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 213 images
11 September Surveyor 5 Lunar landing in Mare Tranquillitatis
1 October Lunar Orbiter 2 Lunar impact
10 October Lunar Orbiter 3 Lunar impact
18 October Venera 4 Venus probe Atmospheric probe functioned for 94 minutes in the Venerian atmosphere
19 October Mariner 5 Flyby of Venus Closest approach 3,990 kilometres (2,480 mi)
31 October Lunar Orbiter 4 Lunar impact
10 November Surveyor 6 Lunar landing in Sinus Medii

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Spacecraft Query Results". Master Catalog Search. NASA NSSDC. Retrieved 30 May 2010.