KrAZ

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Kremenchuk Automobile Plant
KrAZ or AvtoKrAZ
Native name
Kremenchutskyi Automobilnyi Zavod
privately held company
Industry automobile manufacturing
Founded 1946
Headquarters Kremenchuk, Ukraine
Area served
Worldwide
Products trucks
Owner Finance and Credit
Parent KrAZ Holding Company
Website www.autokraz.com.ua
KRAZ trucks Moscow, Russia at MIMS 2006. Vehicles are KrAZ-65032 dump truck (red truck) and KrAZ-6140TE semi-trailer truck.

KrAZ (Ukrainian: Кременчуцький автомобільний завод, Kremenchutskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Kremenchuk Automobile Plant) (АвтоКрА́З or AvtoKrAZ) is a Ukrainian factory that produces trucks and other special-purpose vehicles in Kremenchuk, Ukraine; particularly heavy-duty off-road models.[1] The factory was incorporated as a holding company combining several other factories nationwide and becoming the industrial wing of the finance-industrial group "Finance and Credit" that also holds the Bank Finance and Credit.

History[edit]

Soviet era[edit]

Kraz was founded on 31 August 1945 when the People's Commissariat for Transportation Routes issued a warrant to build a mechanical bridge plant in Kremenchuk. The first brick was laid in the plant foundation in 1946 and during the next 8 years it produced about 600 bridges with the total length of about 27 km for use on the Dnieper, Moscow, Dniester, Volga and Daugava rivers etc. In 1956 the plant has manufactured combine harvesters and other farming machines. The Kremenchuk Combine Plant has produced 11,000 agricultural machines in the first two years of its existence.

On April 17, 1958 the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union decided to rebuild a plant for heavy-duty vehicle production[2]. Heavy-duty truck manufacture was transferred from the Yaroslavl Motor Plant (YaAZ). The first two KrAZ-222 dump trucks were assembled from imported units and components on 10 April 1959[3], and by 1961 the plant exported over 500 vehicles in 26 countries of the world such as Argentina, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, China, India, Vietnam etc.

On December 30, 1968 100,000th truck was assembled at the KrAZ main assembly plant[3]

On January 26, 1971 KrAZ was awarded the Order of Lenin for completion of the five-year plan ahead of schedule and successful developments of new truck models[2]. On January 15, 1976 the plant became "AvtoKrAZ".

External image
KrAZ-5233 "Spetsnaz"
Image of the vehicle

On April 30, 1984 500,000th truck was assembled at the KrAZ main assembly plant[4].

By 1986 the KrAZ's yearly production output totalled 30655 vehicles.

1990 the KrAZ's yearly production output totalled 27667 trucks. 1991 the KrAZ's yearly production output totalled 25094 trucks[5].

Ukrainian era[edit]

On March, 1993 750,000th truck was assembled at the KrAZ main assembly plant[6].

The KrAZ was registered as an Holding company in June 1996. 1996 the company's yearly production output totalled 1919 trucks[7][8].

In 1999, the privatization of the "AvtoKrAZ" began. 1999 the company's yearly production output totalled 827 trucks[9]

2001 block of stock being purchased by a joint Ukrainian-German enterprise "Mega-Motors"[10].

In 2003 AvtoKrAZ opened vehicle assembly plants in Russia and Vietnam. In 2004 "AvtoKrAZ' was awarded an order for 2200 KrAZ vehicles to be delivered to Iraq. AvtoKrAZ received an ISO 9001:2000 for quality control.

On January 27, 2006 the 800,000th truck was assembled at the KrAZ main assembly plant[11]. In October of the same year HC "AvtoKrAZ" won the first prize among 100 Ukrainian companies with the best rate of development according to the net profit growth pursuant to the results of rating "Top 100 Most dynamic companies"

2007 the company's yearly production output totalled 4206 trucks[12]

After the Financial crisis of 2007–08 orders for vehicles declined drastically as Ukraine was severely effected by the event, the factory worked at minimal capacity. 2009 the company's yearly production output totalled 280 trucks[13]

2010 the company's yearly production output totalled 1002 trucks[14]

On August 23, 2011 the KrAZ-5233 "Spetsnaz" has entered into service with Ukrainian army.[15]

KrAZ-6322RA Bastion-01

2013 the company's yearly production output totalled 891 trucks[16].

However, during the 2014 Russian invasion of Ukraine the government of Ukraine placed large orders for new military vehicles. The Border Guards, National Guard, and Army of Ukraine have all been scheduled to receive new KrAZ armored trucks. Moreover KrAZ partnered with the Canadian defense firm Streit Group to produce the Cougar and Spartan armored vehicles. A total of 21 Spartans were ordered with the Ministry of Defense having an option for an additional 40, 20 Cougars were also ordered.[17]

Several Streit Group Spartan APC's were seen at the Kyiv independence day parade indicating that the order was at least partially complete.[18]

In November 2014 Ukrainian government placed an order for 1200 vehicles and 200 armored personnel carrier to the factory. The contract was worth 1 billion UAH ($64,267,360.00).[19]

Products[edit]

Civil Vehicles[edit]

KrAZ-K12.2
KrAZ-6505
A KrAZ-255B, Finnish Defence Forces, used also as a vehicle for the PMP Floating Bridges.
  • KrAZ-214 - 6×4
  • KrAZ-219 - 6×4
  • KrAZ-222 - 6×4 dump truck
  • KrAZ-250 - 6×4
  • KrAZ-255 - military use in Finland
  • KrAZ-256 - 6×4 dump truck
  • KrAZ-260
  • KrAZ-5133B2 - 4×2 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-5401 - 4×2 - 312 hp (233 kW)
  • KrAZ-6510 - 4×4 or 6×4 - 240 hp (179 kW) engine
  • KrAZ-65055 - 6×6 - 330 hp (246 kW) engine
  • KrAZ-65032 - all-wheel drive 6×6 dump trucks - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-6130С4 - all-wheel drive 6×6 dump trucks - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-7133С4 - 4-axle (8×4) dump trucks
  • KrAZ-7140 - 4-axle (8×6)
  • KrAZ-65053 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-7634 - all-wheel drive 8×8 - 400 hp (298 kW)
  • KrAZ V12.2MEH - 6×6 - ?

Chassis[edit]

These are designed to be fitted with various body equipment for paved and dirt road use.

  • KrAZ-257 - 6×4
  • KrAZ-5133H2 - 4×2 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-5233H2 - 4×2 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-5233HE type 1 and 2 - 4×4 330 hp (246 kW) (off-road use)
  • KrAZ-6322 type 1, 2 and 3 - 6×6 - 330 hp (246 kW)
    • KrAZ-63221 type 2 - 6×6 - 330 hp (246 kW) (off-road use)
    • KrAZ-63221 type 3 - 6×6 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-65053 - 6×4 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-65101 - 6×4 - 240 hp (179 kW)
  • KrAZ-7133H4 - 8×4 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-7140H6 - 8×6 - 400 hp (298 kW) (off-road use)
  • KrAZ H12.2 - 4×2 - 312 hp (233 kW)
  • KrAZ Н23.2 - 6×4 - 362 hp (270 kW)
    • KrAZ Н23.2M - 6×4 - 362 hp (270 kW)
    • KrAZ Н23.2R - 6×4 - 362 hp (270 kW)

Semi-tractors[edit]

  • KrAZ-221
  • KrAZ-250V
  • KrAZ-255V
  • KrAZ-258
  • KrAZ-5444 - 2-axle - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-6140TE - 3-axle - 400 hp (298 kW)
  • KrAZ-6443 - 3-axle
  • KrAZ-6444 - 3-axle
  • KrAZ-6446 - 3-axle
  • KrAZ-64431 - 3-axle

Military Vehicles[edit]

  • KrAZ-5233BE 4×4 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-6322 6×6 - 330 hp (246 kW)
  • KrAZ-6135B6 6×6 - 350 hp (261 kW)
  • KrAZ-6446 6×6 - 330 hp (246 kW)

Special-purpose Vehicles[edit]

  • KrAZ-255L - timber truck
  • KrAZ-6133M6 - timber truck
  • KrAZ-64372 - timber truck
  • KrAZ-6233R4 - concrete mixer truck
  • KrAZ-6333R4 - concrete mixer truck
  • KrAZ-7133R4 - concrete mixer truck
  • KrAZ-65055DM - dump truck/snow plow (municipal)

Armored vehicles[edit]

  • KrAZ Spartan (Спартан) - 4×4, based on Ford F550
  • KrAZ Cougar (Кугар) - 4×4, based on Toyota Land Cruiser 79
  • KrAZ-ASV Panther (Пантер) - MRAP based on KrAZ-5233 or KrAZ-6322
  • KrAZ-MPV Shrek One (Шрек) - MRAP based on KrAZ-5233
  • KrAZ Feona (Фіона) - 6×6 MRAP based on KrAZ-6322
  • KrAZ-6322 Raptor (Раптор) - 6×6
  • KrAZ Hurricane (Ураган) - 8×8 MRAP based on KrAZ H27.3 (KrAZ-7634)
  • KrAZ Convoy (Конвой) - 4×4/6×6/8×8 armored chassis cab/flatbed

Generations[edit]

No years of release Features Photo
1 1959—1967 KrAZ vehicle in Polish museum.jpg
2 1965—1994 Three KrAZ 256 trucks, Putbus Station, East Germany Jan 1990.jpg
3 1979—1993 790th Fighter Order of Kutuzov 3rd class Aviation Regiment, Khotilovo airbase (356-28).jpg
4 since 1992 КрАЗ-6505.JPG
5 since 2011 КрАЗ К12.2.JPG

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Холдинговая компания АвтоКрАЗ. Производство, продажа и поставка тяжелых грузовых автомобилей и автомобилей специального назначения, а также запчастей к ним. Сервис, станции техобслуживания". Autokraz.com.ua. Retrieved 2009-12-25. 
  2. ^ a b Кременчугский автомобильный завод имени 50-летия Советской Украины // Большая Советская Энциклопедия. / под ред. А. М. Прохорова. 3-е изд. том 13. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1973. стр.373
  3. ^ a b Кременчугский автозавод им. 50-летия Советской Украины // журнал «Автомобильная промышленность», № 8, 1984. стр.29-30
  4. ^ А. И. Горяинов. М. Ф. Лавринович. Родники дружбы и братства: Минск — Кременчуг. Харьков, «Прапор», 1986. стр. 46-47
  5. ^ В. И. Пашков, С. Г. Сидоренко. Автомобильная промышленность за 1991 год и девять месяцев 1992 года // «Автомобильная промышленность», № 3, 1993. стр.1-6
  6. ^ Памятные даты и события холдинговой компании «АВТОКРАЗ» // «Стальной характер» (корпоративный журнал ХК «АВТОКРАЗ»), № 3, 2009. стр. 7
  7. ^ «КрАЗ, выпускавший прежде 27 тысяч грузовиков, произвел в прошлом году 1919»
    Владимир Писковый. «Ещё дышим. Но уже на ладан» // «Зеркало недели» от 8 августа 1997
  8. ^ Постанова Кабінету міністрів України № 287 від 1 квiтня 1997 р. «Про виділення коштів холдинговій компанії „АвтоКрАЗ“»
  9. ^ Татьяна Донченко. «АВТОКРАЗ» пытается отстоять утраченные рынки // «Зеркало недели» от 17 января 2003
  10. ^ «Мега-Моторс» выиграла конкурс по КрАЗу // «Корреспондент. NET» от 24 июля 2001
  11. ^ Є 800-тисячний КрАЗ! Archived 2015-01-11 at the Wayback Machine. // «Кременчуг Today» от 2 февраля 2006
  12. ^ «АвтоКрАЗ» выпустил в 2007 году рекордное за последние 12 лет количество КрАЗов // официальный сайт ХК "АвтоКРАЗ" от 10 января 2008
  13. ^ АвтоКрАЗ в 2009 г. сократил производство на 91,8 % // «Транспортный бизнес Украины» от 18 января 2010
  14. ^ АвтоКрАЗ планирует утроить производство до докризисного уровня // «Корреспондент. NET» от 26 января 2011
  15. ^ The KrAZ-5233 Spetsnaz enters into service with the Ukrainian army Archived 2012-10-31 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Статистика — 2013 // официальный сайт ассоциации «Укравтопром»
  17. ^ http://en.censor.net.ua/photo_news/295527/latest_military_vehicles_cougar_kraz_and_weapons_of_the_newly_created_mechanized_brigade_presented_photos
  18. ^ "The National Guard of Ukraine will receive 21 KrAZ Spartan LAVs". Info News. 10 Aug 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-08-13. 
  19. ^ "ВСУ получат тяжелое вооружение на 1 млрд грн". Information Resistance. 

External links[edit]

Media related to KrAZ vehicles at Wikimedia Commons