LiAZ (Russia)

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LiAZ (Likino Bus Plant)
Native name
Ликинский автобусный завод
IndustryBus manufacturing
ProductsBuses, trolleybuses (2005–2012)
Revenue$243 million[1] (2017)
$6.06 million[1] (2017)
-$4.76 million[1] (2017)
Total assets$244 million[1] (2017)
Total equity$58.2 million[1] (2017)
Number of employees
ParentGAZ Group Bus Division
A LiAZ-677 in Moscow
LiAZ-5256 bus (first generation, pre 2005) in Stary Oskol (Belgorod Oblast)
LiAZ-5256 bus (second generation) in Penza
LiAZ-5256 bus (second generation) in Oradea (Romania)
Two LiAZ-5292.20 buses in Moscow
LiAZ-5280 trolleybus in Kursk

LiAZ (Russian: Ликинский автобусный завод (ЛиАЗ), translit. Likinskiy Avtobusnyi Zavod, lit. 'Likino Bus Plant') is a bus manufacturing company located in Likino-Dulyovo, Russia. It is now a wholly owned subsidiary of GAZ. Specializes in designing and manufacturing buses large and extra large class (length 10.5 m and +).

Starting in 2015, the GAZ Group has introduced a single brand for all its bus manufacturing subsidiaries, and newly manufactured vehicles now feature the deer badge of the GAZ company.[3]


The factory was created in 1937 as a wood processing plant LOZOD (Likino Engineered Wood Test Factory). It produced pressed wood products, as well as wood particle boards. In 1944 the factory was renamed to LiMZ (Likino Machinery Factory) and it started producing small machinery like power saws and portable generators.[2]

In 1959 the factory started to assemble ZIL-158 passenger buses. It was renamed LiAZ the same year. In 1967 the factory designed and began manufacturing the first bus model of its own named LiAZ-677. The factory produced 194,183 buses of this model in the next 29 years.[2]

In 1986 began the production of the new model LiAZ-5256, which today is the most common large bus model in Russia (through December 2013 more than 24,650 buses had been manufactured).

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, LiAZ started to experience difficulties. In 1996 bus manufacturing ceased and the factory declared bankruptcy in 1997. The factory has since been restructured and is now known as Likinskij Avtobusnyj Zavod LLC. In 2000 it was acquired by the RusAvtoProm Corporation, and has been part of the GAZ Group since 2005.

LiAZ also manufactured trolleybuses between 2005 and 2012.[2][4]




  • ZIL-158/LiAZ-158 (1959–1970), front-engined bus
  • LiAZ-677 (1967–1996), front-engined bus with automatic transmission

Current model range[edit]

  • LiAZ-5256 (since 1986), rear-engined bus
  • LiAZ-5292 (since 2004), rear-engined low-floor bus. Buses of this model were used for the Olympic games 2014 in Sochi.
  • LiAZ-5293 (since 2006), rear-engined low-entry bus
  • LiAZ-6212 (since 2002), articulated bus based on LiAZ-5256
  • LiAZ-6213 (since 2007), low-floor articulated bus based on LiAZ-5292
  • LiAZ-4292 (since 2015), low-floor city bus of middle class


  • LiAZ-5280 (2005–2012), trolleybus based on LiAZ-5256
  • LiAZ-52802, low-floor trolleybus based on LiAZ-5292
  • LiAZ-52803, low-entry trolleybus based on LiAZ-5293

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Бухгалтерская отчётность". Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Борисов, Геннадий. Без троллейбусов (in Russian). Авторевю, No. 10/2012, pp. 110–111. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
  3. ^ "Likino Bus Plant". Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  4. ^ Лапшин, Федор. «Рога» для ЛиАЗа (in Russian). Авторевю, No. 02/2008. Retrieved 2013-12-15.

External links[edit]