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R. Krishnan
Krishnan Panju.jpg
Krishnan (left) and Panju (right)
Born (1909-07-18)18 July 1909
Chennai, Tamilnadu
Died 17 July 1997(1997-07-17) (aged 87)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Occupation editor, director, producer, writer
Years active 1944-1997
Children K. Subash
S. Panju
Born (1915-01-24)24 January 1915
Umayalpuram, Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu
Died 6 April 1984(1984-04-06) (aged 69)
Madras, Tamil Nadu, India
Other names Panjabi
Occupation editor, director, producer, writer
Years active 1944–1984

R. Krishnan (1909–1997) and S. Panju (1915–1984), collectively referred to as Krishnan–Panju, were Indian filmmakers. The duo directed more than 50 films in South Indian languages and in Hindi.[1]

Early life[edit]

R. Krishnan was born on 18 July 1909 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.[2] Previously, he was in charge of the laboratory in Pakshiraja Studios (then known as Kandhan studio) in Coimbatore.[3]

S. Panju was born on 24 January 1915 as Panchapakesan in Umayalpuram near Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu.[2] Previously, he worked as an assistant editor under P. K. Raja Sandow and as assistant director under Ellis R. Dungan. He was also a film editor who edited films under the name Punjabi or Panjabi.[3][4][5]


They both worked for the Tamil film Araichimani or Manuneethi Chozhan (1942), which was directed by P. K. Raja Sandow in Kandhan Studio.[4] Krishnan and Panju became friends at this time. Later, when Raja Sandow saw their skills, he gave them his next project Poompavai. The film Poompavai (1944) was their first directorial venture.[6] In 1947, they directed Paithiyakkaran to support N. S. Krishnan's drama troupe, when he was jailed in the Lakshmikanthan murder case. After his acquittal, N. S. Krishnan also starred in the film.[7] In 1949, they made Nallathambi, inspired by Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, in which C. N. Annadurai, who later became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, debuted as a script writer.[8] In 1952, they made Parasakthi, for which the dialogues were written by M. Karunanidhi, who also later became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Parasakthi became a cult film in Tamil cinema and influenced the emergence of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, a regional party, as a political force in Tamil Nadu.[9][10] They also made Hindi films such as Bhabhi and Shaadi. They received the Kalaimamani award in 1960.[1]


On 6 April 1984, S. Panju died in Chennai.[7] Krishnan did not make any films after Panju's death. On 17 July 1997, Krishnan died in Chennai.[1]


Year Film Language Banner Notes
1944 Poompaavai Tamil Leo Pictures
1947 Paithiyakkaran Tamil N. S. K. Pictures M. G. Ramachandran acted in supporting role.
1949 Ratnakumar Tamil Murugan Talkies
1949 Nallathambi Tamil NSK Films & Uma Pictures C. N. Annadurai debuted as script writer
1952 Parasakthi Tamil National Pictures Sivaji Ganesan debuted as actor
1953 Kangal Tamil Motion Pictures Team
1954 Ratha Kanneer Tamil National Pictures
1955 Santhasakku Kannada Sri Panduranga Productions
1956 Kula Dheivam Tamil SK Pictures
1957 Pudhaiyal Tamil Kamal Brothers
1957 Bhabhi Hindi AVM Productions Remake of Kula Dheivam
1958 Mamiyar Mechina Marumagal Tamil AVM Productions
1959 Barkha Hindi AVM Productions
1960 Thilakam Tamil AVM Productions
1960 Deivapiravi Tamil Kamal Brothers
1960 Bindya Hindi AVM Productions Remake of Deivapiravi
1961 Suhag Sindoor Hindi
1962 Shaadi Hindi
1962 Man-Mauji Hindi AVM Productions
1962 Annai Tamil AVM Productions
1963 Kungumam Tamil Rajamani Pictures
1964 Vazhkai Vazhvadarke Tamil Kamal Brothers
1964 Server Sundaram Tamil AVM Productions
1964 Mera Qasoor Kya Hai Hindi
1965 Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum Tamil AVM Productions
1966 Petralthan Pillaiya Tamil Emgeeyar Pictures
1966 Letha Manasulu Telugu AVM Productions
1966 Laadla Hindi AVM Productions Remake of Annai
1968 Do Kaliyaan Hindi AVM Productions Remade of Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum
1968 Uyarndha Manidhan Tamil AVM Productions
1969 Annaiyum Pithavum Tamil AVM Productions
1970 Engal Thangam Tamil Mekala Pictures
1970 Anadhai Anandhan Tamil Muthuvel Movies
1971 Main Sunder Hoon Hindi AVM Productions Remake of Server Sundaram
1971 Rangarattinam Tamil S. J. Films
1972 Pillaiyo Pillai Tamil Mekala Pictures
1972 Idhaya Veenai Tamil Udhayam Productions
1972 Akka Thamudu Telugu AVM Productions
1973 Pookkari Tamil Anjugam Pictures
1974 Samayalkaran Tamil Marina Movies Remake of Bawarchi
1974 Shandaar
1974 Pathu Madha Bandham Tamil Sri Navaneetha Films
1974 Kaliyuga Kannan Tamil Ajantha Enterprises
1975 Vaazhnthu Kaattugiren Tamil S. S. K. Films
1975 Kashmir Bullodu Telugu
1975 Anaya Vilakku Tamil Anjugam Pictures
1976 Vazhvu En Pakkam Tamil S. S. K. Films
1977 Sonnathai Seiven Tamil
1977 Ilaya Thalaimurai Tamil Yoga Chitra Productions
1977 Enna Thavam Seithan Tamil Nalantha Movies
1977 Chakravarthi Tamil P. V. T. Productions
1978 Per Solla Oru Pillai Tamil Vani Chithra Productions
1978 Annapoorni Tamil Vijayambika Films
1979 Velli Ratham Tamil Astalakshmi Pictures
1979 Neela Malargal Tamil Sabari Cine Creations
1979 Nadagame Ulagam Tamil Vijayambika Pictures
1980 Mangala Nayagi Tamil J. C. Chowdry Arts
1986 Malarum Ninaivugal Tamil Meenakshi Films


  1. ^ a b c "Film director Krishnan dead". The Indian Express. 17 July 1997. Archived from the original on 26 April 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Sanjit Narwekar (1994). Directory of Indian film-makers and films. Flicks Books. p. 156. 
  3. ^ a b Randor Guy (31 July 2011). "Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum 1965". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Randor Guy (1 March 2014). "Araichimani or Manuneethi Chozhan (1942)". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Manamagal 1951". The Hindu. 15 August 2008. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "இரட்டையர்கள் கிருஷ்ணன்-பஞ்சு" (in Tamil). Nakkeeran. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "பராசக்தி உள்பட பல வெற்றிப்படங்களை இயக்கிய கிருஷ்ணன்- பஞ்சு" (in Tamil). Maalai Malar. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Scripting cinema's role in politics". The Hindu. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  9. ^ K. Moti Gokulsing; Wimal Dissanayake (17 April 2013). Routledge Handbook of Indian Cinemas. Routledge. pp. 499–. ISBN 978-1-136-77291-7. 
  10. ^ Rachel Dwyer (27 September 2006). Filming the Gods: Religion and Indian Cinema. Routledge. pp. 51–. ISBN 978-1-134-38070-1. 

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