Annai (1962 film)
|Produced by||A. V. Meiyappan|
|Screenplay by||K. S. Gopalakrishnan|
|Based on||Maya Mruga by Nihar Ranjan Gupta|
|Music by||R. Sudarsanam|
|Cinematography||S. Maruthi Rao|
Annai (English: Mother) is a 1962 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by Krishnan–Panju. The film features Bhanumathi Ramakrishna and Sowcar Janaki in the lead roles, with S. V. Ranga Rao, J. P. Chandra Babu and P. Raja playing supporting roles. The plot revolves around the theme that the love of a foster mother can be even stronger than that of a biological mother.
The film is a remake of the Bengali film Maya Mrigo (1960). The soundtrack album and background score were composed by R. Sudarshanam while the lyrics were written by Kannadasan and Kothamangalam Subbu.
Annai was released on 15 December 1962 to positive reviews from critics, with praise directed at the plot, the music and the performances from the lead actors. The film was also a commercial success, and had a theatrical run of 100 days. The film was dubbed in Telugu as Penchina Prema, and remade in Hindi in 1966 as Laadla.
- Bhanumathi Ramakrishna as Savithri
- Sowcar Janaki as Seetha
- T. S. Muthiah as Gurusamy
- S. V. Ranga Rao
- P. Raja as Selvam
- Kumari Sachu as Sarasu
- J. P. Chandra Babu as Dayanidhi
- Nagesh in a cameo appearance
Nihar Ranjan Gupta's Bengali play Maya Mrigo was adapted into a film of the same name in 1960. Impressed with the story, A. V. Meiyappan decided to adapt in Tamil as a film with the title Annai. Krishnan–Panju were selected as the film's directors with K. S. Gopalakrishnan writing the dialogues. Panju edited the film under the alias "Panjabi". The song "Azhagiya Mithilai" was shot at Marina Beach Road, Chennai.
The soundtrack album and background score were composed by R. Sudarshanam while the lyrics were written by Kannadasan and Kothamangalam Subbu. The songs particularly "Azhagiya Mithilai" and "Buddhiyulla Manithan" were well received and became famous. Randor Guy wrote "Music [..] contributed to the impact of the film and some of the songs such as 'Azhagiya midhilai' became popular. [..] Another hit song, 'Butthiulla manidharellam vetrikanbadhillai' by Chandrababu was a great success and is still popular".
- Buddhiyulla — Chandrababu
- Azhagiya Mithilai — PB Srinivas, Susheela
- Poovagi — Bhanumathi
- O Pakk Pakkum
- Oru Oorile
- Annai Enbaval
- Certificate of Merit for Second Best Feature film at the 10th National Film Awards.
- Rashtrapati Award - S. V. Ranga Rao
- Rashtrapati Award- P. Bhanumathi Ramakrishna
Annai was released on 15 December 1962. The film was a commercial success and ran for 100 days. The Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan dated 6 January 1963 appreciated the film and mentioned the film stating that one does not get the feeling of watching a film instead a real life and empathise with characters. Randor Guy of The Hindu wrote that the film was remembered for "its emotion-drenched story, brilliant performances by Bhanumathi, Sowcar Janaki and Ranga Rao, pleasing music and deft direction".
- Saravanan 2013, p. 118.
- Guy, Randor (16 January 2009). "Annai 1962". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- "Annai". The Indian Express. 15 December 1962. p. 1.
- "Annai". JioSaavn. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
- "10th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- Sanmana Satkaralu, Viswa Nata Chakravarti, M. Sanjay Kishore, Sangam Akademy, Hyderabad, 2005, pp: 65.
- Saravanan 2013, p. 120.
- "அன்னை". Ananda Vikatan (in Tamil). 6 January 1963.
- Saravanan 2013, p. 125.
- Saravanan, M. (2013) . AVM 60 cinema (in Tamil) (3rd ed.). Rajarajan Pathippagam.