European route E39
|Length:||1,330 km (830 mi)|
|North end:||Klett (Norway)|
|South end:||Aalborg (Denmark)|
|International E-road network|
E 39 is the designation of a 1330 km long north-south road in Norway and Denmark, running from Klett just south of Trondheim to Aalborg, via Orkanger, Vinjeøra, Halsa ... Straumsnes, Krifast, Batnfjordsøra, Molde ... Vestnes, Skodje, Ålesund ... Volda ... Nordfjordeid ... Sandane, Førde, Lavik ... Instefjord, Knarvik, Bergen, Os ... Stord, Sveio, Aksdal, Bokn ... Rennesøy, Randaberg, Stavanger, Sandnes, Ålgård, Helleland, Flekkefjord, Lyngdal, Mandal, Kristiansand ... Hirtshals, Hjørring, and Nørresundby. Several sections are via ferry, denoted by ... in the above list. In total there are nine ferries, the highest number of ferries for a single road in Europe.
In Norway, E39 is part of Norwegian national road system, and is as such developed and maintained by the public roads administration. E39 is mostly a two-lane undivided road, only relatively short sections near Stavanger, Trondheim and Bergen are motorways or semi-motorways.
Møre og Romsdal county
- Bergsøysund Bridge 931 m
- Gjemnessund Bridge 1257 m
- Molde Airport, Årø
- → Fannefjordstunnelen direction Åndalsnes
- ferry from Molde to Vestnes (Furnes dock, 35 minutes)
- at Skorgenes, jointly with E39 until Spjelkavika
- Sjøholt → Linge ferry dock
- Furene → Eiksund tunnel
- New route without ferry Volda-Fyrde-Grodås-Nordfjordeid
- Kviven Tunnel 6 490 m
Sogn og Fjordane county
- Nordfjordeid at Leivdøla bridge, jointly with E39 until
- Byrkjelo at
- Espeland at
- Vadheim at
- Bogstunnelen (3,482 m)
- ferry from Lavik to Ytre Oppedal (20 min, 1-2 departures per hour, fee)
- at Nyborg
- Motorway Vågsbotn – Eidsvåg (5 km)
- Fløyfjellstunnelen (two parallel tunnels, 3195 and 3825 m)
- 3 Toll stations at Sandviken, Nygårdsbroen and Fjøsangerveien
- Bergen Airport, Flesland
- Jektevik at
- Stordabrua/Stord Bridge (1076 m)
- Bømlafjordtunnelen/Bømlafjord Tunnel (7888 m, 262 m below s.l.)
- At Aksdal
- 2 Toll stations at Randabergveien and Forus
- Motorway Schancheholen–Sandved (12 km)
- Stavanger Airport, Sola
Vest Agder County
- Toll Vesterveien in Kristiansand
- At Kristiansand
- Hirtshals, Denmark (2-3 hours, 2-5 departures/day, fee)
In 1786 a royal decision was made to establish a postal route between Bergen and Trondheim. From the establishment of mail in Norway in 1647 until then, all mail between those cities went over Oslo. To begin with, the route was for large parts usable for walking and horse riding only, but in the next decades it was rebuilt to allow horse carriages. Several parts required boat. The route was Bergen–Åsane–Hordvik–(boat over Salhusfjorden)–Isdal–Hundvin–Gulen–Rutledal–(boat over Sognefjorden)–Leirvik(Hyllestad)–Flekke–Dale–Bygstad–Førde–Jølster–Gloppen-(boat over Nordfjord)–Faleide(Stryn)–Hornindal–Hellesylt–Stranda–(boat along Storfjorden)–Sjøholt–Vestnes-(boat over Romsdalsfjorden)–Molde–Angvik–(boat over Tingvollfjorden)–Tingvoll–(boat over Halsafjord)–Stangvik–Skei–Rindal–Orkanger–Trondheim. The 1786 decision included also a mail route between Stavanger and Bergen. In 1858, mail were rerouted to newly established steam ships Bergen–Vadheim, and the mail route changed to Vadheim–Sande–Førde, in parts precisely along today's route.
After 1990 a number of long bridges and tunnels have replaced four ferries. These are:
- Nordhordland Bridge (1994)
- Gjemnessund Bridge and Bergsøysund Bridge (1992)
- Stord Bridge and Bømlafjord Tunnel (2000)
- Kviven Tunnel and further tunnels (2012)
Other large road projects include:
- Klett–Orkanger (2005)
- Orkanger–Høgkjølen (2015)
- Lote Tunnel (1966)
- Bogs Tunnel (2004) and the adjacent Norevik Tunnel (2012)
- Masfjord Tunnel and adjacent tunnels (1986-1995)
- Eikefet Tunnel (1980)
- Fløyfjell Tunnel (1989)
- Mastrafjord Tunnel (1982)
The route Trondheim – Ålesund – Bergen – Stavanger – Kristiansand was named E39 in 2000. Kristiansund – Stavanger was earlier riksveg 1 (national highway 1, "coastal through-road") from 1992 and riksveg 14 before 1992. Stavanger – Kristiansand was part of E18, and Trondheim – Kristiansund was riksveg 65 and riksveg 71.
- A 15 km long motorway south of Bergen is under construction and expected to be finished in 2022.
- The world's deepest and longest underwater road tunnel, the 27 kilometres (17 mi) and 390 metres (0.24 mi) deep Rogfast, is expected to have construction start in 2017 and to be opened 2024.
- The entire route Stavanger – Kristiansand is planned to be rebuilt into motorway or semi-motorway.
- There are plans to replace every ferry link with a fixed connection, but every remaining one are costly technical challenges as the fjords are wide and very deep, so the plans are controversial and uncertain (except Rogfast).
The E39 Ferries
The E39 ferries are mainly operated by Fjord1. Except the Volda-Folkestad ferry, which is operated by Tide Sjø.
Domestic car ferries on E39 are regarded as an integral part of national highways. Ferries operate according to a published timetable and standard prices for vehicles and passengers.   E39 includes the following ferry routes from North to South (approximate crossing time in minutes): The Norwegian government plans to replace all the ferries with bridges and tunnels.
- Halsa - Kanestraum 20 min.
- Molde - Vestnes 35 min.
- Solevåg - Festøya 20 min.
- Volda - Folkestad 10 min.
- Anda - Lote 10 min.
- Lavik - Oppedal 20 min.
- Halhjem - Sandvikvåg 40 min.
- Arsvågen - Mortavika 22 min.
- Kristiansand - Hirtshals 3 hours 15 minutes
From Norway E 39 goes with ferry from Kristiansand to Hirtshals in north Denmark. Ferries are run by Colorline. In Denmark E 39 is a motorway from the south of Hirtshals to the north of Aalborg. The exits are:
- 2 Hjørring N
- 3 Hjørring C
- 4 Hjørring S
- 5 Vrå
- 6 Brønderslev C
- 7 Brønderslev S
- | Store Vildmose
- 8 Tylstrup
- 9 Vestbjerg
- 10 Høvejen → Aalborg Airport
- Aalborg, Århus
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to E39.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for European route E39.|