|Owner:||Australian United Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.|
|Port of registry:||Fremantle, Western Australia|
|Builder:||William Denny and Brothers, Dumbarton|
|Launched:||2 February 1903|
|Fate:||Sunk by UB-57 on 26 May 1918|
|Length:||415 ft 5 in (126.62 m)|
|Beam:||52 ft 2 in (15.90 m)|
|Draught:||31 ft 5 in (9.58 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × 375 hp (280 kW) triple expansion engines|
|Speed:||15.4 knots (28.5 km/h; 17.7 mph)|
|Armament:||4.7 in (120 mm) gun|
The Kyarra was a 6,953 ton (7,065 t) steel cargo and passenger luxury liner, built in Scotland in 1903 for the Australian United Steam Navigation Company.
Construction and launch
The Kyarra was built at Dumbarton by William Denny and Brothers, and launched on 2 February 1903 on the River Clyde, Scotland. Her name was taken from the aboriginal word for a small fillet of possum fur.
For ten years Kyarra sailed between Fremantle, Western Australia, where she was registered, and Sydney, New South Wales carrying cargo and passengers. She sailed under the flag of the United Steam Navigation Company Limited of London.
On 6 November 1914 she was requisitioned in Brisbane and converted into a hospital ship (HMAT A.55 Kyarra) for the purpose of transporting the Australian medical units to Egypt. The hull was painted white with a large red cross on the side. She carried the full staff and equipment of the Nos. 1 and 2 General Hospitals, the Nos. 1 and 2 Stationary Hospitals, and the No. 1 Clearing Hospital.
In March 1915, Kyarra was converted into a troop transport. Commonwealth control ended 4 January 1918.
In October 1911, the then wireless operator, Sidney Jeffryes achieved brief fame for the ship which was reported in the Sydney Sun: "Record by the Kyarra. Mr. S. H. Jeffryes, wireless operator on the A.U.S.N. Co.'s Kyarra, which was fitted up by the Australasian Wireless Co., Ltd., has put up a record for overland wireless messages between ships. His report says:— "Coming into Adelaide on the 18th Instant, distant from Adelaide 140 miles (230 km), I picked up the Cooma. This exceeds the records of that of the Cooma and Riverlna four months ago from Townsville to the Bight by a small margin of about 40 miles (64 km). The conditions were absolutely normal on the night, a fact which could hardly be said of the occasion four months ago, which was a night on which every operator got good distances, myself and the Levuka getting 2,100 miles (3,400 km). It is claimed by the Cooma and Riverina that the distance was 2,300 miles (3,700 km). This is not so, as direct it is not more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km), but even this is equivalent to almost twice as much by sea. I thus claim to have established an Australasian record for transmission and reception over land, beating the previous one by 40 miles (64 km)." Jeffryes was later appointed wireless operator for the Australian Antarctic Expedition.
On 5 May 1918, Kyarra was sailing from Tilbury to Devonport to embark civilian passengers and take on full general cargo. However she was sunk by UB-57 near Swanage with the loss of six lives on 26 May 1918.
The captain of UB-57, Oberleutnant Johannes Lohs, died at sea, aged 29. Lohs sailed from Zeebrugge on 3 August 1918. The last contact he made with base was on the evening of the 14 August 1918. At the time UB-57 was homeward bound. She was believed to be in the area of the Sandiette Bank, east of the Straits of Dover. It is thought UB-57 hit a mine. Lohs' body subsequently washed ashore and today he is buried in the Ysselsteyn German war cemetery, Netherlands.
SS Kyarra was discovered in the late 1960s by a member of the Kingston and Elmbridge British Sub-Aqua Club, which later bought the wreck. The wreck, which lies one mile off Anvil Point, remains popular with divers.
- "SS Kyarra". sskyarra.com. 2009. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "The S.S. Kyarra". Swanage Boat Charters. 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "HOSPITAL SHIP KYARRA". The Sydney Morning Herald (23, 988). New South Wales, Australia. 26 November 1914. p. 8. Retrieved 24 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "THE RED CROSS". The Brisbane Courier (17, 742). Queensland, Australia. 25 November 1914. p. 7. Retrieved 24 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "His Majesty's Australian Transports". Australian Light Horse Studies Centre. 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "RECORD BY THE KYARRA". The Sun (411). New South Wales, Australia. 23 October 1911. p. 10 (LATEST EDITION). Retrieved 14 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
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