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Temporal range: 48–0 Ma[1]
Middle Eocene to Present
Etmopterus spinax Sardinia.jpg
Etmopterus spinax
Green lanternshark nmfs1.jpg
Etmopterus virens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Etmopteridae
Genus: Etmopterus
Rafinesque, 1810
Type species
Etmopterus aculeatus
Rafinesque, 1810

Etmopterus is a genus of dogfish sharks in the family Etmopteridae, commonly known as lanternsharks.


There are currently 38 recognized species in this genus:


A number of species in this genus function as host to the specialized parasitic barnacle Anelasma squalicola, which embeds itself into the skin of the shark and extracts nutrients from its bloodstream.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Adnet, S. & Cappetta, H. (2001). "A palaeontological and phylogenetical analysis of squaliform sharks (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes) based on dental characters". Lethaia,. 34 (3): 234–248. 
  2. ^ Vásquez, V.E., Ebert, D.A. & Long, D.J. (2015). "Etmopterus benchleyi n. sp., a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the central eastern Pacific Ocean" (PDF). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation,. 17: 43–55. 
  3. ^ Schaaf-Da Silva, J.A. & Ebert, D.A. (2006). "Etmopterus burgessi sp. nov., a new species of lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from Taiwan". Zootaxa,. 1373: 53–64. 
  4. ^ Straube, N., Leslie, R.W., Clerkin, P.J., Ebert, D.A., Rochel, E., Corrigan, S., Li, C. & Naylor, G.J.P. (2015): On the occurrence of the Southern Lanternshark, Etmopterus granulosus, off South Africa, with comments on the validity of E. compagnoi. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 115: 11-17.
  5. ^ Knuckey, J.D.S., Ebert, D.A. & Burgess, G.H. (2011): Etmopterus joungi n. sp., a new species of lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from Taiwan. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 17 (2): 61-72.
  6. ^ Ebert, D.A., Compagno, L.J.V. & De Vries, M.J. (2011): A New Lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae: Etmopterus) from Southern Africa. Copeia, 2011 (3): 379-384.
  7. ^ Straube, N., White, W.T., Ho, H.C., Rochel, E., Corrigan, S., Li, C. & Naylor, G.J.P. (2013): A DNA sequence-based identification checklist for Taiwanese chondrichthyans. Zootaxa, 3752 (1): 256-278.
  8. ^ Straube, N., Duhamel, G., Gasco, N., Kriwet, J. & Schliewen, U. (2011): Description of a new deep-sea lantern shark, Etmopterus viator n. sp. (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the southern hemisphere. In: Duhamel, G. & Welsford, D. (Eds)., (2011): The Kerguelen Plateau, Marine Ecosystem and Fisheries. Société Française d´Ichtyologie: 137-150.
  9. ^ Yano, K.; Musick, J. A. (2000). "The effect of the mesoparasitic barnacle Anelasma on the development of reproductive organs of deep-sea squaloid sharks, Centroscyllium and Etmopterus". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 59 (3): 329–339. doi:10.1023/A:1007649227422.