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Legolas

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Legolas
The Lord of the Rings character
In-universe information
AliasesGreenleaf, (Legolas translated
into English)
RaceSindar Elf
GenderMale
AffiliationCompany of the Ring
HomeMirkwood
Book(s)The Lord of the Rings

Legolas (pronounced [ˈlɛɡɔlas]) is a fictional character in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. He is a Sindarin Elf of the Woodland Realm and one of the nine members of the Fellowship who set out to destroy the One Ring. He and the Dwarf Gimli are close friends.

Commentators have noted that Legolas serves as a typical Elf in the story, demonstrating more-than-human abilities such as seeing further than anyone else in Rohan and sensing the memory of a long-lost Elvish civilisation in the stones of Hollin.

Fictional history[edit]

Legolas was the son of Thranduil, King of the Woodland Realm of Northern Mirkwood,[T 1] who appeared as "the Elvenking" in The Hobbit.[T 2] Thranduil, one of the Sindar or "Grey Elves",[T 3] ruled over the Silvan Elves or "Wood-elves" of Mirkwood.[T 1]

Legolas is introduced at the Council of Elrond in Rivendell, where he came as a messenger from his father to discuss Gollum's escape from their guard.[T 1] Legolas was chosen to be a member of the Fellowship of the Ring, charged with destroying the One Ring. He accompanied the other members in their travels from Rivendell to Amon Hen, serving as the company's archer.[T 4] When the fellowship was trapped by a snowstorm while crossing the Misty Mountains, Legolas scouted ahead, running lightly over the snow, and told Aragorn and Boromir that the thick snow they were trying to push through was only a narrow wall.[T 4] Back in the lowlands of Hollin, Legolas helped fend off an attack by Saruman's wargs. Gandalf then led the fellowship on a journey underground through Moria. In Moria, Legolas helped fight off Orcs and recognized "Durin's Bane" as a Balrog.[T 5] After Gandalf's death, Aragorn led the Fellowship to the Elven realm of Lothlórien. Legolas spoke to the Elf-sentries there on behalf of the Fellowship.[T 6]

There was initially friction between Legolas and the Dwarf Gimli, because of the ancient quarrel between Elves and Dwarves, rekindled by Thranduil's treatment of Gimli's father.[T 2] Legolas and Gimli became friends when Gimli greeted Galadriel respectfully.[T 6] When the fellowship left Lothlórien, Galadriel gave the members gifts; Legolas received a longbow,[T 7] which he used to bring down a Nazgul's flying steed in the dark with one shot.[T 8]

After Boromir's death and the capture of Merry Brandybuck and Pippin Took by orcs, Legolas, Aragorn, and Gimli set out across Rohan in pursuit of the two captured hobbits.[T 9] In the forest of Fangorn Legolas and his companions met Gandalf, resurrected as "Gandalf the White," who delivered a message to Legolas from Galadriel. Legolas interpreted this as foretelling the end of his stay in Middle-earth:

"Legolas Greenleaf long under tree,
In joy thou hast lived, Beware of the Sea!
If thou hearest the cry of the gull on the shore,
Thy heart shall then rest in the forest no more."[T 10]

The three met with the Riders of Rohan, fought in the Battle of Helm's Deep, and witnessed Saruman's downfall at Isengard, where they were reunited with Merry and Pippin.[T 11]

Legolas and Gimli accompanied Aragorn and the Grey Company on the Paths of the Dead.[T 12] After Aragorn summoned the Dead of Dunharrow to fight for him, Legolas saw them terrify the Corsairs of Umbar from their ships at Pelargir. Galadriel's prophecy was fulfilled: as Legolas heard the cries of seagulls, he experienced the Sea-longing — the desire to sail west to Valinor, the "Blessed Realm", latent among his people.[T 13] He fought in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields[T 14] and at the Black Gate,[T 15] and watched as Sauron was defeated and Barad-dûr collapsed.[T 16]

After the destruction of the One Ring, Legolas remained in Minas Tirith for Aragorn's coronation and marriage to Arwen. Later, Legolas and Gimli travelled together through Fangorn forest and to the Glittering Caves of Aglarond, as Legolas had promised Gimli.[T 17] Eventually[T 16] Legolas brings south many Silvan Elves, and they dwelt in Ithilien, and it became once again the "fairest country in all the westlands."[T 18] They stayed in Ithilien for "a hundred years of Men."[T 16] After Aragorn dies, Legolas built a small ship and sailed West, reportedly taking Gimli with him.[T 18]

Concept and creation[edit]

The name Legolas Greenleaf first appeared in the book "The Fall of Gondolin", one of the "Lost Tales", circa 1917. The character, who guides survivors of the sack of the city to safety, is mentioned only once.[T 19]

The medievalists Stuart Lee and Elizabeth Solopova note that Legolas's lament over the stones of the Elvish land of Hollin: "Only I hear the stones lament them: deep they delved us, fair they wrought us, high they builded us; but they are gone,"[T 4] recalls the Old English poem The Ruin.[1] The Tolkien critic Paul Kocher writes of the same passage that it shows how Elves such as Legolas have senses keener than mortal Men: he can see further and can even hear the stones lamenting the passing of the Elves. In Kocher's view, Legolas is an "emissary for the Elves", as Gimli is for the dwarves; he suggests that the point Tolkien was making was that Legolas was a typical young elf.[2]

The Tolkien scholar Tom Shippey observes that Legolas, describing the great hall of Meduseld in the capital of Rohan, too far off for any but an Elf to make out clearly, speaks a line which is a direct translation of one from Beowulf: "The light of it shines far over the land", líxte se léoma ofer landa fela.[T 20][3][4]

Adaptations[edit]

Legolas in Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated version of The Lord of the Rings

Legolas was voiced by Anthony Daniels in Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated version of The Lord of the Rings.[5] In the film, he takes Glorfindel's place in the "Flight to the Ford"; he meets Aragorn and the hobbits on their way to Rivendell and sets Frodo on his horse before Frodo is chased by the Nazgûl to the ford of Bruinen.[6]

Legolas was voiced by David Collings in the 1981 BBC Radio 4 adaptation.[7] In the 1993 Finnish miniseries Hobitit he was portrayed by Ville Virtanen.[8]

In Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings movie trilogy (20012003), Legolas was portrayed by Orlando Bloom. He was presented as an unstoppable fighter, performing dramatic feats of battle.[9]

Bloom reprised his role as Legolas in Jackson's 2013 release The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug.[10] He displays Legolas's superhuman agility as an elf. He is attracted to the elf-woman Tauriel, a character created for the film trilogy.[11] In a departure from the book, Legolas uses Thorin's Elven-forged sword Orcrist in The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies to kill the chief goblin Bolg.[12]

In the West End musical, The Lord of the Rings: The Musical, Legolas was portrayed by Michael Rouse.[13] Legolas appeared as a playable character in Lego Dimensions as an expansion character, bundled with an arrow launcher.[14]

References[edit]

Primary[edit]

This list identifies each item's location in Tolkien's writings.
  1. ^ a b c The Fellowship of the Ring, book 2, ch. 2 "The Council of Elrond"
  2. ^ a b The Hobbit, ch. 8 "Flies and Spiders"
  3. ^ Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix B: The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves"
  4. ^ a b c The Fellowship of the Ring, book 2, ch. 3 "The Ring Goes South"
  5. ^ The Fellowship of the Ring, book 2, ch. 5 "The Bridge of Khazad-dûm
  6. ^ a b The Fellowship of the Ring, book 2, ch. 6 "Lothlórien"
  7. ^ The Fellowship of the Ring, book 2, ch. 8 "Farewell to Lórien"
  8. ^ The Fellowship of the Ring, book 2, ch. 9 "The Great River"
  9. ^ The Two Towers, book 3, ch. 1 "The Departure of Boromir"
  10. ^ The Two Towers, book 3, ch. 5 "The White Rider"
  11. ^ The Two Towers, book 3, ch. 7 "Helm's Deep"
  12. ^ The Return of the King, book 5, ch. 2 "The Passing of the Grey Company"
  13. ^ The Return of the King, book 5, ch. 9 "The Last Debate"
  14. ^ The Return of the King, book 5, ch. 6 "The Battle of the Pelennor Fields"
  15. ^ The Return of the King, book 5, ch. 10 "The Black Gate Opens"
  16. ^ a b c The Return of the King, book 6, ch. 4 "The Field of Cormallen"
  17. ^ The Return of the King, book 6, ch. 6 "Many Partings"
  18. ^ a b The Return of the King, "Appendix A, Annals of the Kings and Rulers.
  19. ^ The Book of Lost Tales 2, The Fall of Gondolin
  20. ^ The Two Towers, book 3, ch. 6 "The King of the Golden Hall"

Secondary[edit]

  1. ^ Lee, Stuart D.; Solopova, Elizabeth (2005). The Keys of Middle-earth: Discovering Medieval Literature Through the Fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien. Palgrave. pp. 133, 140–141. ISBN 978-1403946713.
  2. ^ Kocher, Paul (1974) [1972]. Master of Middle-Earth: The Achievement of J.R.R. Tolkien. Penguin Books. pp. 83–86. ISBN 0140038779.
  3. ^ Beowulf, line 311
  4. ^ Shippey, Tom (2005) [1982]. The Road to Middle-Earth (Third ed.). HarperCollins. p. 141. ISBN 978-0261102750.
  5. ^ "The Lord of the Rings". Ralph Bakshi. Archived from the original on 23 August 2006. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  6. ^ Esmerelda, Jade Nicolette (17 February 2017). "Lord Of The Rings: 15 Things You Never Knew About Legolas". ScreenRant. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  7. ^ Sibley, Brian. "THE RING GOES EVER ON: The Making of BBC Radio's The Lord of the Rings". Brian Sibley. Archived from the original on 16 August 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  8. ^ Melanen, Sini-Maria (27 January 2017). "Nyt ei tarvitse todistella enää mitään" [Now there is no need to prove anything anymore]. Uljas (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020. Virtanen on näytellyt rikospoliisi Miettistä tv-sarjassa ”Kylmäverisesti sinun”, Legolasia fantasiaseikkailussa ”Hobitit” ja nuivaa aviomiestä komediassa ”Ei kiitos”.
  9. ^ Lane, Anthony (29 December 2003). "Full Circle: 'The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King'". The New Yorker (January 2004). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  10. ^ Ward, Kate (27 May 2011). "Orlando Bloom joins 'Hobbit,' has not aged, according to Peter Jackson". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 8 June 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  11. ^ Orange, B. Alan (18 October 2013). "Orlando Bloom Talks The Return of Legolas in The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug". MovieWeb. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  12. ^ Somosot, Janice (29 January 2014). "'The Hobbit: The Battle Of The Five Armies' Movie Review: Best And Worst Moments Of The Film". International Business Times. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Lord of the Rings cast confirmed!". London Theatre. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  14. ^ Acuna, Kirsten (30 September 2015). "It will cost you nearly $800 to get the full experience of the new LEGO video game". Business Insider. Retrieved 7 April 2020.