Ford EcoBoost engine

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Ford EcoBoost engine
Ford EcoBoost logo.jpg
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Also called TwinForce (obsolete)
EcoBoost SCTi
Production 2009–present
Combustion chamber
Configuration I-3, I-4 and 60° V6
Displacement V6 3.5: 3496 cc (213 CID)
V6 2.7: 2694 cc (164 CID)
I4 2.0: 1999 cc (122 CID)
I4 1.6: 1596 cc (97 CID)
I3 1.0: 995 cc (60.44 CID)
Cylinder bore V6 3.5: 3.64 in (92.5 mm)
V6 2.7: 3.30 in (83 mm)
I4 2.0: 3.4 in (87.5 mm)[3]
I4 1.6: 3.1 in (79.0 mm)[1]
I3 1.0: 2.83 in (71.9 mm)
Piston stroke V6 3.5: 3.49 in (86.7 mm)
V6 2.7: 3.30 in (83 mm)
I4 2.0: 3.27 in (83.1 mm)
I4 1.6: 3.2 in (81.4 mm)
I3 1.0: 3.2 in (82 mm)
Cylinder block alloy V6 2.7: Compacted graphite iron
I3: Cast iron
All others: Aluminum
Cylinder head alloy Aluminum
Valvetrain DOHC with Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets (DAMB)
Variable camshaft timing
Compression ratio V6 3.5: 10.0:1
I4 2.0: 10.0:1
I4 1.6: 10.0:1
Turbocharger V6: Dual Borg Warner K03 low inertia integrated turbo system
I4 2.0: Borg Warner K03 low inertia integrated turbo system
I4 1.6: Borg Warner KP39 low inertia turbo
Management V6: ?
I4 2.0: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual knock control
I4 1.6: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual cylinder knock control
Fuel type Gasoline direct injection
Dry weight V6 3.5: 449 lbs (203 kg)
V6 2.7: 440 lbs (200 kg)
I4 2.0: 328 lbs(149 kg)
I4 1.6: 251 lbs (114 kg)
I3 1.0: 213 lbs (97 kg)[2]
Predecessor Ford Duratec 35, Ford Duratec
Ford Ecoboost race car

EcoBoost is a family of turbocharged, direct injection gasoline engines produced by the Ford Motor Company and co-developed by FEV engineering.[3]

EcoBoost-equipped engines are designed to deliver horsepower and torque consistent with those of larger displacement (cylinder volume), naturally aspirated engines, while achieving approximately 20% better fuel efficiency and 15% fewer greenhouse emissions. Ford sees the EcoBoost technology as less costly (i.e., more profitable) and more versatile than further-developing or expanding the use of hybrid and diesel engine technologies. As such, Ford intends to use EcoBoost extensively, across a broad range of vehicle product lines.[4]

Production: Global Family[edit]

EcoBoost petrol direct-injection turbocharged engine technology adds 128 patents and patent applications to Ford's 4,618 active and thousands of pending U.S. patents.[5]

The V6 EcoBoost engines are being assembled at Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 in Brook Park, Ohio.[6] The 2.0 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be produced at the Ford Valencia Engine Plant in Spain in 2009.[7] The 1.6 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be made at the Ford Bridgend Engine Plant in the United Kingdom.[7] The future small displacement I3 EcoBoost engine will be produced both at the Ford Cologne Engine Plant in Germany and at Ford Romania.[7]

By 2012, the company plans to produce 750,000 EcoBoost units annually in the US and 1.3 million globally in the world market. Ford expected over 90-percent of its global vehicle lineup (includes North American lineup) to offer EcoBoost engine technology by 2013.[7][8] From the engine's beginning, to November 2012, 500,000 Ford Ecoboost vehicles have been sold.[9]

Marketing: GTDi[edit]

Volvo used the term PTDi (Petrol Turbocharged Direct injection) for the 1.6L I4 engine when introducing Volvo S60 Concept[10] and for the 2.0L I4 engine when introducing Volvo XC60.[11]

Engine Family List[edit]

Name Family Displacement Year Features
EcoBoost 10 Fox 999 cc (61.0 cu in) 2012–present DOHC I3
EcoBoost 15 Sigma 1,500 cc (92 cu in) 2014–present DOHC I4
EcoBoost 16 Sigma 1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) 2010–present DOHC I4
EcoBoost 20 Mazda L engine 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) 2010– DOHC I4
Ecoboost 20 (Next-Gen) 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) 2015- DOHC I4
EcoBoost 23 Mazda L engine 2,261 cc (138.0 cu in) 2015–present DOHC I4
EcoBoost 27 Nano 2,694 cc (164.4 cu in) 2015–present DOHC V6
EcoBoost 30 Nano ~3,000 cc (180 cu in) 2016- DOHC V6
EcoBoost 35 Cyclone V6 3,496 cc (213.3 cu in) 2010–2015 DOHC V6
EcoBoost 35 (Next-Gen) Nano 3,496 cc (213.3 cu in) 2015- DOHC V6

Inline 3-cylinder[edit]

1.0 litre Fox[edit]

Ford currently produces a 1.0-litre turbocharged in-line three cylinder engine for the EcoBoost family developed at Ford's Dunton Technical Centre in the UK. Production started in April 2012. The 1.0 comes initially in two versions: 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) and 88 to 92 kW (120 to 125 PS; 118 to 123 hp). The more powerful version delivers a maximum of 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) from 1,400–4,500 rpm and 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) on overboost, which makes for a broad torque curve when compared to a naturally aspirated gasoline engine. A 140 PS (138 hp) version has also been released in the Fiesta Red Edition and Black Edition, with 155 lb ft (210Nm) of Torque. The engine block is cast iron which offers, in addition to the required strength, up to 50% faster warm-up than aluminum, at the expense of additional weight.[12][13] To quell the natural vibrations of a 3-cylinder design, unspecified efforts have been made in the flywheel design to ensure satisfactorily smooth running without the use of energy sapping balance shafts. The engine also features an internal timing belt, unconventionally running in engine oil, as engineers found this to enhance lifespan and efficiency while also reducing noise. The exhaust manifold is cast into the cylinder head, reducing warm up times and therefore further aiding efficiency. All this is packaged in an engine block the size of an A4 sheet of paper.[14] With the introduction of face lifted 2013 Ford Fiesta, Ford introduced naturally aspirated version of 1.0 Fox engine. There are two versions producing 65 hp and 80 hp, and both engines use Direct Injection and Ti-VCT like the turbocharged versions. Start-stop technology is also available.

The engines are produced in Cologne, Germany and Craiova, Romania with production to later expand in Chongqing, China. Production is expected to be 700,000–1,500,000 units per year. The engine is available in Ford Focus, the Ford Focus-based C-MAX and Grand C-MAX, the Fiesta-based B-Max and Transit Courier.[15]

Ford has announced that the 1.0L Ecoboost engine will be available for the American market starting with the all-new 2014 Ford Fiesta Sedan and Hatchback. It was announced at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show, when the 2014 Fiesta was introduced. The 123 hp version is now available in the North American market Focus starting with model year 2015.


(100 PS (99 hp))

(125 PS (123 hp))

(140 PS (138 hp))

1.5 litre[edit]

Ford will produce a 1.5-litre turbocharged in-line three cylinder engine for the EcoBoost family from 2015. The 1.0 litre engine is known as the Ford Fox and the new engine will be known as the Dragon.

Inline 4-cylinder[edit]

There are four EcoBoost I4 engines in production. A 1.5L downsized version of the 1.6L, the 1.6L which replaces larger-displacement, naturally-aspirated I4 engines in Ford vehicles, a 2.0L which replaces small-displacement, naturally-aspirated V6 engines, and a 2.3L used in high performance applications. All four engines are turbocharged and direct injected. The production engine family was officially announced at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.[16]

1.5 litre [edit]

A 1.5L version of the EcoBoost engine family was first unveiled in the 2014 Ford Fusion as a downsized version of the 1.6L EcoBoost engine.[17] The downsized displacement is a result of Chinese vehicle tax regulations which tax vehicles with engine displacements of 1.5L or less at lower rates. The 1.5L EcoBoost adds new technology compared to the 1.6L on which it is based, including an integrated exhaust manifold and a computer-controlled water pump clutch to decrease warm up time. In the 2014 Fusion, the engine produces 181 hp (135 kW; 184 PS)and 185-lb ft .

The engine is produced at the Craiova Engine Plant in Craiova, Romania.


181 hp (135 kW; 184 PS)

(150 hp)

(160 hp)

1.6 litre[edit]

A 1.6 L version was first unveiled in the 2009 Lincoln C Concept. The engine is rated at 178 hp (133 kW; 180 PS) and 180 lb·ft (244.0 N·m).[18]

The European market version of the 1.6L provides 150 hp (112 kW; 152 PS) although a 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) version is used in the Ford Mondeo.

The 1.6L Ecoboost engine is raced in the British Formula Ford Championship. The units have replaced the original N/A 1.6 Duratec units, which in turn replaced the 1.8L Zetec-engined cars. The engine has also been used for the past couple of seasons in the WRC in the Ford Fiesta.

Ford has recalled certain Ford Escapes equipped with this engine due to the potential for them to catch fire after overheating.[19]

The 1.6L EcoBoost engine is produced at the Ford Bridgend Engine Plant in Bridgend, Wales.


Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
Displacement-1,596 cc (1.6 L; 97 cu in)


150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)

160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp)

180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp)

185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp)

200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp)

2.0 litre (2010–)[edit]

A 2.0 L version was first seen in the 2008 Ford Explorer America Concept.[4] The engine was rated at 275 hp (205 kW; 279 PS) and 280 lb·ft (380 N·m).

It is the first EcoBoost engine to include Twin-Independent Variable Cam Timing (Ti-VCT), with advertised 10–20% better fuel economy while maintaining the performance of 3.0-litre V6 engines.[20][21]

The 2.0L EcoBoost engine is produced at the Ford Valencia Engine Plant in Valencia, Spain with future production planned at Cleveland Engine in Brook Park, Ohio.[22]


Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
Displacement-1,999 cc (2 L; 122 cu in)


2.0 litre “Twin-scroll” (2015–)[edit]

A redesigned 2.0 L EcoBoost four-cylinder will be introduced with the second generation Ford Edge.[32] It features a higher compression ratio than its predecessor (9.7:1 vs 9.3:1) along with twin-scroll turbocharger and fuel and oil systems' upgrades.[33] This new engine will deliver more low-end torque than its predecessor and all-wheel drive will be available in this configuration for the first time. It is also expected to tow 3500 lbs in the redesigned Edge.


  • Approx. 245 hp (183 kW; 248 PS), 275 lb·ft (373 N·m)

2.3 litre [edit]

The 2.3L version of the EcoBoost engine debuted in the 2015 Lincoln MKC crossover. Based upon the 2.0L EcoBoost, the 2.3L engine produces 289 PS (213 kW; 285 hp) @ 5500 rpm, 305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @ 2750 rpm. This engine is also available in the 2015- Ford Mustang, with power figures of 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS) @ 5500 rpm, 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) @ 3000 rpm.

The 2.3L EcoBoost engine is produced with the 2.0L EcoBoost at the Valencia Engine Plant in Valencia, Spain.


  • 280 hp (209 kW; 284 PS), 310 lb·ft (420 N·m)
  • 289 PS (213 kW; 285 hp) @ 5500 rpm, 305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @ 2750 rpm
  • 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS) @ 5500 rpm, 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) @ 3000 rpm
  • 350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS), 350 lb·ft (475 N·m)

V-type 6-cylinder[edit]

2.7 litre[edit]

Introduced with the 2015 Ford F-150 is a twin turbo 2.7 liter V6 Ecoboost engine. It delivers 325 hp (242 kW) and 375 lb·ft (508 N·m).[35] The engine is built at the Lima Ford Engine Plant.[36] Ford has invested half a billion dollars in the Lima plant for the new engine. Ford also states that the new engine will bring 300 jobs to Allen County,[37] however transfers from other plants make the actual number hard to pin down.


  • 325 hp (242 kW) @ 5750 rpm, 375 lb·ft (508 N·m) @ 3000 rpm
  • 335 hp (250 kW), 380 lb·ft (515 N·m)[38]
  • 315 hp (235 kW) @ 4,750, 350 lb·ft (475 N·m) @ 2,750
  • 325 hp (242 kW), 350 lb·ft (475 N·m)

3.5 litre [edit]

The first Ford Vehicle to feature this engine was the 2007 Lincoln MKR Concept under the name TwinForce.[39] The engine was designed to deliver power and torque output equivalent to a typical 6.0 L or larger displacement V8 while achieving at least 15% better fuel efficiency and reduced greenhouse emissions. In the MKR the concept TwinForce engine was rated 415 hp (309 kW) and 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) of torque, as well as run on E85 fuel.[40] When the same prototype engine reappeared in the Lincoln MKT concept in 2008 North American International Auto Show, the name was changed to EcoBoost. Official EcoBoost production began on May 19, 2009 at Ford's Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1.

The production engines use the Duratec 35 V6 engine block. The fuel charging and delivery systems can attain high fuel pressures of up to 2150 PSI, necessary for efficient operation of the direct fuel injection system. It uses two BorgWarner turbochargers which can spin at up to 170,000 rpm and provide 12 PSI of boost. The turbos are set up in a twin-turbo configuration. The engine can consume up to 25% more air over the naturally aspirated counterpart. Through the use of direct injection, the engine needs only regular-grade petrol to run. The EcoBoost V6 was first available as an engine option for 2010 Lincoln MKS, followed by 2010 Ford Flex, 2010 Ford Taurus SHO, and 2010 Lincoln MKT.[41] The fuel charging and delivery systems were co-developed with Robert Bosch GmbH.[42]

In 2009 Ford modified an experimental 3.5 V6 EcoBoost engine with both E85 direct injection and petrol indirect fuel injection, which achieved a BMEP (brake mean effective pressure) of 395 psi (27 bar), which translates to approximately 553 pound-feet (750 N·m) of torque and 316 horsepower (236 kW)@3000 rpm (flat torque curve from 1500–3000 rpm).[43]


3.5 litre (second generation) [edit]

The next-generation 3.5 L EcoBoost V6 is being produced for the 2017 Ford GT, revealed at the 2015 Detroit Auto Show in January.[52] It is expected to produce over 600 horsepower and over 500 lb-ft of torque, paired with a 7-speed semi-automatic transmission. This engine theoretically replaces the 5.4 L Supercharged Modular V8 from the last generation Ford GT which produced 550 horsepower. The GT has been on a 10-year hiatus, and will return in 2016 for the 2017 model year. This engine will be one of the most powerful V6 engines produced, alongside Nissan's VR38DETT fitted inside the GT-R NISMO.

Also announced at the 2015 Detroit Auto Show was the 2017 Ford F-150 SVT Raptor, which is powered by an all-new 3.5 L twin-turbocharged EcoBoost V6.[53] This new engine is expected to produce between 450 and 500 horsepower in the Raptor, up from the previous 6.2 L V8's 411. Torque is also expected to higher than the 434 lb-ft produced by the naturally aspirated 6.2 L Boss V8.

See also[edit]


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  6. ^ Kroll, Kathie (May 18, 2009). "Ford Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 in Brook Park reopens after about 2 years". Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
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  9. ^ "500,000 Ford Ecoboost Sold". Ford Media. ScoopCar. November 21, 2012. 
  10. ^ "2010 Volvo S60 Concept Offers Look at EcoBoosted 1.6-liter Engine". KBB Green. Kelley Blue Book. 
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  16. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (September 15, 2009). "Frankfurt 2009: Ford unveils smallest EcoBoost engine yet at 1.6 litres". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  17. ^ "Ford Launches New Fuel-Efficient 1.5-Liter EcoBoost Engine". Retrieved 2013-04-12. 
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  19. ^ "Ecoboost fires". Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (July 21, 2009). "Ford announces 2.0l ecoboost and dual clutch gearbox for 2010". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
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  28. ^ Steven J. Ewing RSS feed. "2013 Ford Taurus gets 2.0L EcoBoost four, styling tweaks [w/video]". Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  29. ^ "First Look: 2013 Ford Taurus". Retrieved October 24, 2011.  External link in |work= (help)
  30. ^
  31. ^ [2]
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  34. ^
  35. ^ "2.7 final stats". Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  36. ^ "Ford 2.7 Ecoboost Lima info". Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  37. ^ "2.7 EcoBoost $500,000,000 investment". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  38. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  39. ^ "2007 MKR Concept Overview". Ford Media. Ford Motor Company. 2007. 
  40. ^ "TwinForce Delivers V-8 Power, V-6 Fuel Efficiency". Ford Motor Company. January 10, 2007. 
  41. ^ "Collaboration with Partners Key to EcoBoost's Industry-Leading Fuel-Charging System, Output". Ford Media. Ford Motor Company. February 27, 2009. 
  42. ^ Shunk, Chris (August 18, 2008). "Ford reportedly to charge $700 premium for Ecoboost". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  43. ^ Levine, Mike (June 8, 2009). "Sneak Peek! Ford's "Bobcat" Dual Fuel Engine". Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
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  52. ^ Stoklosa, Alexander. "2017 Ford GT: The Star-Spangled, 600-plus-hp Hypercar!". 
  53. ^ Stoklosa, Alexander. "2017 Ford F-150 Raptor: The Beast Returns with an Aluminum Body and a Twin-Turbo V-6!". 

External links[edit]