List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship medalists

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The IIHF World Junior Championship is an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation for national under-20 ice hockey teams from around the world. It is traditionally held from late December to the beginning of January. The main tournament features the top ten ranked hockey nations in the world, comprising the "Top Division", from which a world champion is crowned. There are also three lower pools—divisions I, II and III—that each play separate tournaments playing for the right to be promoted to a higher pool with the last place team facing relegation to a lower pool.[1]

The first official tournament was held in 1977. Prior to that, there had been invitational tournaments in 1974, 1975 and 1976 that were not sanctioned by the IIHF.[2]

As of 2019, 43 official tournaments have been staged. Six nations have won a gold medal and ten have won medals. Historically, the tournament has been dominated by Canada and the Soviet Union/CIS/Russia, together accounting for 30 of the 42 gold medals awarded. The USSR won the first four official tournaments, while the Canadians put together five straight championships between 1993 and 1997, and another five straight from 2005 to 2009. Canada leads the all-time gold medal count with 17 golds, while the Soviet Union/CIS/Russia have 13 golds. In the 2010s the competition has become more level with the United States and Finland each winning three and Canada winning two gold medals. Russia and Sweden also remained competitive winning one gold each.

Medalists[edit]

The winners by season listed below.

Unofficial tournaments[edit]

Year 1st, gold medalist(s) Gold 2nd, silver medalist(s) Silver 3rd, bronze medalist(s) Bronze Host city (cities) Host country (countries)
1974  Soviet Union  Finland  Canada Leningrad  Soviet Union
1975  Soviet Union  Canada  Sweden Winnipeg and Brandon
Minneapolis, Bloomington and Fargo
 Canada
 United States
1976  Soviet Union  Canada  Czechoslovakia Tampere, Turku, Pori and Rauma  Finland

Official tournaments[edit]

Key
  • (#) Number of tournaments (or 2nd placed/3rd places) won at the time.
Year 1st, gold medalist(s) Gold 2nd, silver medalist(s) Silver 3rd, bronze medalist(s) Bronze Host city (cities) Host country (countries)
1977  Soviet Union (1)  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (1) Zvolen and Banská Bystrica  Czechoslovakia
1978  Soviet Union (2)  Sweden (1)  Canada (1) Montreal and Quebec City  Canada
1979  Soviet Union (3)  Czechoslovakia (1)  Sweden (1) Karlstad and Karlskoga  Sweden
1980  Soviet Union (4)  Finland (1)  Sweden (2) Helsinki and Vantaa  Finland
1981  Sweden (1)  Finland (2)  Soviet Union (1) Füssen, Landsberg and Kaufbeuren  West Germany
1982  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (2)  Finland (1) Bloomington, Minneapolis and Duluth
Winnipeg and Kenora
 United States
 Canada
1983  Soviet Union (5)  Czechoslovakia (3)  Canada (2) Leningrad  Soviet Union
1984  Soviet Union (6)  Finland (3)  Czechoslovakia (2) Norrköping and Nyköping  Sweden
1985  Canada (2)  Czechoslovakia (4)  Soviet Union (2) Helsinki and Turku  Finland
1986  Soviet Union (7)  Canada (2)  United States (1) Hamilton, Toronto and London  Canada
1987  Finland[α] (1)  Czechoslovakia[α] (5)  Sweden[α] (3) Piešťany, Topoľčany, Trenčín and Nitra  Czechoslovakia
1988  Canada (3)  Soviet Union (1)  Finland (2) Moscow  Soviet Union
1989  Soviet Union (8)  Sweden (2)  Czechoslovakia (3) Anchorage and Eagle River  United States
1990  Canada (4)  Soviet Union (2)  Czechoslovakia (4) Helsinki and Turku  Finland[β]
1991  Canada (5)  Soviet Union (3)  Czechoslovakia (5) Saskatoon and Regina  Canada
1992  CIS [3](9)  Sweden (3)  United States (2) Füssen and Kaufbeuren  Germany
1993  Canada (6)  Sweden (4) Czech and Slovak Republics [4] (6) Gävle, Uppsala and Falun  Sweden
1994  Canada (7)  Sweden (5)  Russia (1) Ostrava and Frýdek-Místek  Czech Republic
1995  Canada (8)  Russia (1)  Sweden (4) Red Deer, Edmonton and Calgary  Canada
1996  Canada (9)  Sweden (6)  Russia (2) Boston, Amherst and Marlborough  United States
1997  Canada (10)  United States (1)  Russia (3) Geneva and Morges   Switzerland
1998  Finland (2)  Russia (2)   Switzerland (1) Helsinki and Hämeenlinna  Finland
1999  Russia (1)  Canada (3)  Slovakia (1) Winnipeg, Brandon and Selkirk  Canada
2000  Czech Republic (1)  Russia (3)  Canada (3) Skellefteå and Umeå  Sweden
2001  Czech Republic (2)  Finland (4)  Canada (4) Moscow and Podolsk  Russia
2002  Russia (2)  Canada (4)  Finland (3) Pardubice and Hradec Králové  Czech Republic
2003  Russia (3)  Canada (5)  Finland (4) Halifax and Sydney  Canada
2004  United States (1)  Canada (6)  Finland (5) Helsinki and Hämeenlinna  Finland
2005  Canada (11)  Russia (4)  Czech Republic (1) Grand Forks and Thief River Falls  United States
2006  Canada (12)  Russia (5)  Finland (6) Vancouver, Kelowna and Kamloops  Canada
2007  Canada (13)  Russia (6)  United States (3) Leksand and Mora  Sweden
2008  Canada (14)  Sweden (7)  Russia (4) Pardubice and Liberec  Czech Republic
2009  Canada (15)  Sweden (8)  Russia (5) Ottawa  Canada
2010  United States (2)  Canada (7)  Sweden (5) Saskatoon and Regina  Canada
2011  Russia (4)  Canada (8)  United States (4) Buffalo and Lewiston[5]  United States
2012  Sweden (2)  Russia (7)  Canada (5) Calgary and Edmonton  Canada
2013  United States (3)  Sweden (9)  Russia (6) Ufa  Russia
2014  Finland (3)  Sweden (10)  Russia (7) Malmö  Sweden
2015  Canada (16)  Russia (8)  Slovakia (2) Toronto and Montreal  Canada
2016  Finland (4)  Russia (9)  United States (5) Helsinki  Finland
2017  United States (4)  Canada (9)  Russia (8) Montreal and Toronto[6]  Canada
2018  Canada (17)  Sweden (11)  United States (6) Buffalo and Orchard Park[7]  United States
2019  Finland (5)  United States (2)  Russia (9) Vancouver and Victoria  Canada
2020 Ostrava and Třinec  Czech Republic
2021 Edmonton and Red Deer  Canada

Medal table[edit]

The unofficial tournaments held prior to 1977 are not included in this table.

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country 1st, gold medalist(s) Gold 2nd, silver medalist(s) Silver 3rd, bronze medalist(s) Bronze Medals
 Canada 17 9 5 31
 Russia
 Soviet Union
 CIS
Total 
4
8
1
13
9
3
0
12
9
2
0
11
22
13
1
36
 Finland 5 4 6 15
 United States 4 2 6 12
 Sweden 2 11 5 18
 Czech Republic
 Czechoslovakia
Total 
2
0
2
0
5
5
1
6
7
3
11
14
 Slovakia 0 0 2 2
  Switzerland 0 0 1 1
Total 43 43 43 129

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes
  • α During the final game of the tournament, Canada and the Soviet Union became engaged in a violent bench-clearing brawl while Canada was leading 4–2. Consequently, the game was declared null and void, and both teams were ejected from the tournament; while the Soviets were out of medal contention, Canada was playing for the gold medal and were guaranteed at least a bronze.[8][9]
  • β Canada will host the tournament every 3 or 4 years. In 1990, Canada decided to switch years with Finland.
General
  • "IIHF World U20 Championships". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
  • "World Juniors–medal Winners Since 1974". TSN. Archived from the original on 2008-01-02. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
  • "Team Canada > National Junior Team > Past Results". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
  • "Medal standings". worldjuniors2008.com. Archived from the original on 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
Specific
  1. ^ "Tournament playing format". worldjuniors2008.com. Archived from the original on 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
  2. ^ "International hockey timeline". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
  3. ^ "Story 59" International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
  4. ^ "Brotherly but divided". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  5. ^ "2011 IIHF World U20 Championship". International Ice Hockey Federation. Archived from the original on 2010-12-27.
  6. ^ "Toronto and Montreal to host 2015 and 2017 world juniors". TSN. 19 June 2013.
  7. ^ Seravalli, Frank (3 December 2015). "Sources: Outdoor game planned for 2018 World Juniors in Buffalo". TSN.
  8. ^ Doug Harrison. "Backgrounder–2008 World Junior Hockey Championship". CBC Sports. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
  9. ^ "Team Canada > National Junior Team > History". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2008-06-12.

External links[edit]