List of Prime Ministers of Togo
|Prime Minister of the|
Premier ministre de la
as President of Togo
|Inaugural holder||Sylvanus Olympio|
|Formation||27 April 1960|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Togo. Additionally, one person, Edem Kodjo, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.
History of the office
1991 conflict with the presidency
In the months following the appointment of Joseph Kokou Koffigoh as Prime Minister by the National Conference on 27 August 1991, the soldiers of the Togolese Armed Forces (FAT) loyal to President Gnassingbé Eyadéma repeatedly tried to oust Koffigoh:
- On 1 October 1991, the soldiers seized the national radio and television station and demanded that Koffigoh resign before leaving the station; Koffigoh said afterwards on the radio that order was restored.
- On 8 October 1991, the soldiers unsuccessfully tried to kidnap Koffigoh, and four people were reported killed in protests and violence that followed.
- In late November 1991, the soldiers began a siege of Koffigoh's official residence in Lomé after Eyadéma's party, the Rally of the Togolese People (RPT), was banned by the transitional High Council of the Republic (HCR). They demanded that Koffigoh's government be replaced and threatening to "reduce the city to ashes"; they also demanded that the RPT be legalized again and that the HCR be dissolved. Koffigoh called for French military aid. Eyadéma publicly called on the soldiers to return to their barracks and expressed continued trust in Koffigoh, but also invited him to begin consultations on the formation of a new national unity government. After two days of talks, the soldiers lifted their siege; however, they promptly resumed it. Koffigoh then offered to include supporters of Eyadéma in the government, but he refused to dissolve his government altogether, and he again called for French aid. On 3 December 1991, the soldiers succeeded in capturing Koffigoh in a heavy assault on his official residence, involving tanks and machine guns. Many people were killed in this violence: at least 17, and possibly more than 200. The soldiers then took Koffigoh to meet with Eyadéma, who was widely believed to have been behind the soldiers' actions, although he did not take responsibility for them. Later on the same day, Eyadéma released a statement saying that he and Koffigoh would form a new transitional government. Although Koffigoh remained in office, his power was considered curtailed. On 31 December, a new government headed by Koffigoh was announced, including three members of the RPT; most members of the previous government remained in their posts.
Duties and competences
The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister. He terminates his functions.
The Prime Minister is the head of the Government. He directs the action of the Government and coordinates the functions of the other members. He presides over the Committees of Defense. He substitutes for, the case arising, the President of the Republic in the presidency of the Councils provided for in Articles 66 and 72 of this Constitution. He assures the interim of the head of the State in case of incapacity for cause of illness or of absence from the national territory.
Before his entry into office, the Prime Minister presents before the National Assembly the program of action of his Government.
The National Assembly accords its confidence to him by a vote with the absolute majority of its members.
The Prime Minister assures the execution of the laws.
He may delegate certain of his powers to the ministers.
The acts of the President of the Republic other than those provided for in Articles 4, 66, 68, 73, 74, 98, 100, 104 and 109 of this Constitution, are countersigned by the Prime Minister or, the case arising, by the Ministers given the charge of their execution.
- Political parties
- Union for the Republic (UNIR)
- Other factions
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|27 April 1960||12 April 1961||350 days||CUT||Himself|
|Post abolished (12 April 1961 – 27 August 1991)|
|2||Joseph Kokou Koffigoh
|27 August 1991||23 April 1994||2 years, 239 days||CFN||G. Eyadéma|
|23 April 1994||20 August 1996||2 years, 119 days||UDT||G. Eyadéma|
|20 August 1996||21 May 1999||2 years, 274 days||RPT||G. Eyadéma|
|5||Eugene Koffi Adoboli
|21 May 1999||31 August 2000||1 year, 102 days||RPT||G. Eyadéma|
|31 August 2000||29 June 2002||1 year, 302 days||RPT||G. Eyadéma|
|29 June 2002||9 June 2005||2 years, 345 days||RPT||G. Eyadéma|
|9 June 2005||20 September 2006||1 year, 103 days||CPP||F. Gnassingbé|
|20 September 2006||6 December 2007||1 year, 77 days||CAR||F. Gnassingbé|
|6 December 2007||8 September 2008||277 days||RPT||F. Gnassingbé|
|8 September 2008||23 July 2012||3 years, 319 days||Independent||F. Gnassingbé|
|23 July 2012||10 June 2015||2 years, 322 days||CPP / UNIR||F. Gnassingbé|
|12||Komi Sélom Klassou
|10 June 2015||Incumbent||3 years, 308 days||UNIR||F. Gnassingbé|
- Lists of office-holders
- "Oct 1991 — Failure of coup attempts", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 37, October 1991, page 38,518.
- "Effort to oust Togo's interim leader fails", Deseret News, 1 October 1991.
- "4 Killed After Rebel Troops Fail to Kidnap Togo Premier", The New York Times, 9 October 1991.
- "Togo Leader Adds to Cabinet to End Crisis", The New York Times, 2 January 1992.
- "France Moves Troops to Block Togo Coup", Associated Press, 30 November 1991.
- "Soldiers abandon coup bid in Togo", The New York Times, 1 December 1991.
- "Soldiers, Breaking Promise, Resume Palace Siege in Togo", The New York Times, 2 December 1991.
- "Togo's Prime Minister Proposes Compromise", The New York Times, 3 December 1991.
- "Rebels Seize Togolese Premier", The New York Times, 4 December 1991.
- "Despite a Coup, Togo's Reform Prime Minister Clings to Post", Reuters, 5 December 1991.
- Article 66 of the Constitution of 1992.
- Article 78 of the Constitution of 1992.
- Article 79 of the Constitution of 1992.
- Article 80 of the Constitution of 1992.