List of Prime Ministers of Togo

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Prime Minister of the
Togolese Republic
Premier ministre de la
République togolaise
Emblem of Togo.svg
Komi Sélom Klassou 2017-04-26.jpg
Incumbent
Komi Sélom Klassou

since 10 June 2015
AppointerFaure Gnassingbé,
as President of Togo
Inaugural holderSylvanus Olympio
Formation27 April 1960
Emblem of Togo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Togo
Flag of Togo.svg Togo portal

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Togo since the formation of the post of Prime Minister in 1960, to the present day.

A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Togo. Additionally, one person, Edem Kodjo, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.

History of the office[edit]

1991 conflict with the presidency[edit]

In the months following the appointment of Joseph Kokou Koffigoh as Prime Minister by the National Conference on 27 August 1991,[1] the soldiers of the Togolese Armed Forces (FAT) loyal to President Gnassingbé Eyadéma repeatedly tried to oust Koffigoh:

  • On 1 October 1991, the soldiers seized the national radio and television station and demanded that Koffigoh resign[1][2] before leaving the station; Koffigoh said afterwards on the radio that order was restored.[2]
  • On 8 October 1991, the soldiers unsuccessfully tried to kidnap Koffigoh, and four people were reported killed in protests and violence that followed.[3]
  • In late November 1991, the soldiers began a siege of Koffigoh's official residence in Lomé after Eyadéma's party, the Rally of the Togolese People (RPT), was banned by the transitional High Council of the Republic (HCR).[4] They demanded that Koffigoh's government be replaced and threatening to "reduce the city to ashes";[5] they also demanded that the RPT be legalized again and that the HCR be dissolved.[6] Koffigoh called for French military aid. Eyadéma publicly called on the soldiers to return to their barracks and expressed continued trust in Koffigoh, but also invited him to begin consultations on the formation of a new national unity government.[5] After two days of talks, the soldiers lifted their siege;[6] however, they promptly resumed it.[7] Koffigoh then offered to include supporters of Eyadéma in the government, but he refused to dissolve his government altogether, and he again called for French aid.[8] On 3 December 1991, the soldiers succeeded in capturing Koffigoh in a heavy assault on his official residence, involving tanks and machine guns. Many people were killed in this violence:[9][10] at least 17,[9] and possibly more than 200.[10] The soldiers then took Koffigoh to meet with Eyadéma,[9] who was widely believed to have been behind the soldiers' actions, although he did not take responsibility for them. Later on the same day, Eyadéma released a statement saying that he and Koffigoh would form a new transitional government. Although Koffigoh remained in office, his power was considered curtailed.[10] On 31 December, a new government headed by Koffigoh was announced, including three members of the RPT; most members of the previous government remained in their posts.[4]

Duties and competences[edit]

The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister. He terminates his functions.[11]

The Prime Minister is the head of the Government. He directs the action of the Government and coordinates the functions of the other members. He presides over the Committees of Defense. He substitutes for, the case arising, the President of the Republic in the presidency of the Councils provided for in Articles 66 and 72 of this Constitution. He assures the interim of the head of the State in case of incapacity for cause of illness or of absence from the national territory.[12]

Before his entry into office, the Prime Minister presents before the National Assembly the program of action of his Government.[12]

The National Assembly accords its confidence to him by a vote with the absolute majority of its members.[12]

The Prime Minister assures the execution of the laws.[13]

He may delegate certain of his powers to the ministers.[13]

The acts of the President of the Republic other than those provided for in Articles 4, 66, 68, 73, 74, 98, 100, 104 and 109 of this Constitution, are countersigned by the Prime Minister or, the case arising, by the Ministers given the charge of their execution.[14]

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions

List[edit]

No. Prime Minister
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Sylvanus Olympio
(1902–1963)
Sylvanus Olympio.jpg 27 April 1960 12 April 1961 350 days CUT Himself
Post abolished (12 April 1961 – 27 August 1991)
2 Joseph Kokou Koffigoh
(1948–)
No image.png 27 August 1991 23 April 1994 2 years, 239 days CFN G. Eyadéma
3 Edem Kodjo
(1938–)
Edem Kodjo-Festival international de géographie 2011.jpg 23 April 1994 20 August 1996 2 years, 119 days UDT G. Eyadéma
4 Kwassi Klutse
(1945–)
No image.png 20 August 1996 21 May 1999 2 years, 274 days RPT G. Eyadéma
5 Eugene Koffi Adoboli
(1934–)
No image.png 21 May 1999 31 August 2000 1 year, 102 days RPT G. Eyadéma
6 Agbéyomé Kodjo
(1954–)
Agbéyomé Kodjo 2012-03-02.jpg 31 August 2000 29 June 2002 1 year, 302 days RPT G. Eyadéma
7 Koffi Sama
(1944–)
No image.png 29 June 2002 9 June 2005 2 years, 345 days RPT G. Eyadéma
F. Gnassingbé
Abass
F. Gnassingbé
(3) Edem Kodjo
(1938–)
Edem Kodjo-Festival international de géographie 2011.jpg 9 June 2005 20 September 2006 1 year, 103 days CPP F. Gnassingbé
8 Yawovi Agboyibo
(1943–)
No image.png 20 September 2006 6 December 2007 1 year, 77 days CAR F. Gnassingbé
9 Komlan Mally
(1960–)
No image.png 6 December 2007 8 September 2008 277 days RPT F. Gnassingbé
10 Gilbert Houngbo
(1961–)
Gilbert Houngbo 2010-06-22.jpg 8 September 2008 23 July 2012 3 years, 319 days Independent F. Gnassingbé
11 Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
(1958–)
No image.png 23 July 2012 10 June 2015 2 years, 322 days CPP / UNIR F. Gnassingbé
12 Komi Sélom Klassou
(1960–)
Komi Sélom Klassou 2017-04-26.jpg 10 June 2015 Incumbent 3 years, 308 days UNIR F. Gnassingbé

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Oct 1991 — Failure of coup attempts", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 37, October 1991, page 38,518.
  2. ^ a b "Effort to oust Togo's interim leader fails", Deseret News, 1 October 1991.
  3. ^ "4 Killed After Rebel Troops Fail to Kidnap Togo Premier", The New York Times, 9 October 1991.
  4. ^ a b "Togo Leader Adds to Cabinet to End Crisis", The New York Times, 2 January 1992.
  5. ^ a b "France Moves Troops to Block Togo Coup", Associated Press, 30 November 1991.
  6. ^ a b "Soldiers abandon coup bid in Togo", The New York Times, 1 December 1991.
  7. ^ "Soldiers, Breaking Promise, Resume Palace Siege in Togo", The New York Times, 2 December 1991.
  8. ^ "Togo's Prime Minister Proposes Compromise", The New York Times, 3 December 1991.
  9. ^ a b c "Rebels Seize Togolese Premier", The New York Times, 4 December 1991.
  10. ^ a b c "Despite a Coup, Togo's Reform Prime Minister Clings to Post", Reuters, 5 December 1991.
  11. ^ Article 66 of the Constitution of 1992.
  12. ^ a b c Article 78 of the Constitution of 1992.
  13. ^ a b Article 79 of the Constitution of 1992.
  14. ^ Article 80 of the Constitution of 1992.

External links[edit]