President of Tanzania

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President of the United Republic of Tanzania
Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Coat of arms of Tanzania.svg
Flag of the President of Tanzania.svg
Presidential Standard
Samia Suluhu Hassan (34538118495).jpg
Samia Suluhu Hassan
since 19 March 2021
Executive branch of the Government of Tanzania
StyleHer Excellency
Mwuheshimiwa Rais (Swahili)
TypeHead of state
Head of government
Member ofCabinet
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrument1977 Constitution
Formation29 October 1964; 58 years ago (1964-10-29)
First holderJulius Kambarage Nyerere
DeputyVice-President of Tanzania
SalaryUS$42,000 annually[1]

The President of the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is the head of state and head of government of the United Republic of Tanzania. The President leads the executive branch of the Government of Tanzania and is the commander-in-chief of the Tanzania People's Defence Force.[2] The President serves a term of five years. Since 1992, they are limited to two terms, whether successive or separated.

Samia Suluhu Hassan, sworn in on 19 March 2021, is the first female president of the United Republic of Tanzania. She succeeded John Magufuli following his death on 17 March 2021.

Executive powers[edit]

The president of Tanzania is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and is "accountable to a legislature composed of elected members and representative of the people."[3]


After its independence in 1961 as Tanganyika, the country was first led by Sir Richard Turnbull as governor-general until Julius Nyerere became the first and only president under the 1962 constitution. The 1964 constitution after the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar has had 6 presidents with each serving multiple terms except Samia Suluhu Hassan. Julius Nyerere served 5 terms total from 1962–1985, having served 4 terms under the 1964 constitution. All presidents of Tanzania have been from the Tanganyika African National Union party which later merged to become the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party.

Latest election[edit]

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
John MagufuliSamia SuluhuChama cha Mapinduzi12,516,25284.40
Tundu LissuSalum Mwalimu JumaChadema1,933,27113.04
Bernard Kamillius MembeOmar Fakih HamadAlliance for Change and Transparency81,1290.55
Leopord Lucas MahonaKhamis Ali HassanNational Reconstruction Alliance80,7870.54
Ibrahim Haruna LipumbaHamida Huweishil AbdallaCivic United Front72,8850.49
John Paul ShibudaHassan Kornely KijogooTanzania Democratic Alliance33,0860.22
Hashim Spunda RungweMohammed Massoud RashidChama cha Ukombozi wa Umma32,8780.22
Yeremia Kulwa MaganjaKhamis Haji AmbarNCCR–Mageuzi19,9690.13
Muttamwega Bhatt MgaywaSatia Mussa BebwaSauti ya Umma14,9220.10
Cecilia Augustino MwangaTabu Mussa JumaAttentive Democracy Party14,5560.10
Philipo John FumboZaina Juma KhamisDemocratic Party8,2830.06
Queen Cuthbert SendigaKhamis Juma ShokaAlliance for Democratic Change7,6270.05
Twalib Ibrahim KadegeRamadhan Ali AbdallahUnited People's Democratic Party6,1940.04
Seif Maalim SeifRashid Ligania RaiAlliance for African Farmers Party4,6350.03
Khalfan Mohammed MazruiMashavu Alawi HajiUnion for Multiparty Democracy3,7210.03
Valid votes14,830,19598.27
Invalid/blank votes261,7551.73
Total votes15,091,950100.00
Registered voters/turnout29,754,69950.72

See also[edit]


  1. ^ wa Simbiye, Finnigan (6 December 2013). "PM scoffs at super salary rumour". Daily News (Tanzania). Dodoma. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Tanzania National Website". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
  3. ^ "Tanzania (United Republic of) 1977 (rev. 1995) Constitution - Constitute". Retrieved 18 March 2021.