List of S.L. Benfica managers

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S.L. Benfica is a Portuguese football team based in Lisbon. The club was formed as Sport Lisboa on 28 February 1904 following a meeting of former Casa Pia students at Fármacia Franco (Franco Pharmacy) led by Cosme Damião.[1] Since the club lacked a field to play, they merged with Grupo Sport Benfica on 13 September 1906, to form Sport Lisboa e Benfica.[2]

Benfica won the Primeira Liga title for the first time in 1936; since then, the club has won a further 33 league titles, along with 25 Portuguese Cups, plus a number of other more recently established trophies. They have also been crowned champions of European football on two occasions by winning the European Cup in 1961 and 1962.[3] The club was one of 8 members of the Primeira Liga when it was formed in 1934.

This chronological list comprises all those who have held the position of manager of the first team of Benfica since their foundation in 1904. Each manager's entry includes his dates of tenure and the club's overall competitive record (in terms of matches won, drawn and lost), honours won, and significant achievements while under his care. Caretaker managers are included (when known), as well as those who have been in permanent charge. The club's longest-serving manager was Cosme Damião, who managed the team from 1908 to 1926, totalling 18 years.

Managerial history[edit]

The first ever manager was Manuel Gourlade, an employee of Fármacia Franco and also the treasury manager[4] He served for sixteen matches from the first official match on 4 November 1906, until the end of the second season in 1907–08, when eight players defected to Sporting CP. From then on, Cosme Damião took over, leading the club to its first ever Lisbon Championship, two years later.[5] Until the end of the 1910s, he added seven more championships, the last in 1920 was particularly hard because of another mass defection to join recently created clubs Os Belenenses and Casa Pia.[6] Facing a much less talented squad, and an ever increasing debt related to the construction of the football fields, the club entered a trophyless period which lead to the departure of Cosme Damião in 1926, after 18 years in charge.[7][8] He was replaced by Ribeiro dos Reis, a former club player that had recently managed the national team.[7] Although performances improved slightly, he failed to win any silverware, ending his spell in 1929, to make way for a foreign manager, Arthur John, who would also double as a masseur for the club other sports.[9] He was much more successful, leading the club to its first national title, the Portuguese Championship in 1929–30,[10] retaining it in the next season.[11] He moved to Sporting in the next season,[12] with Benfica reappointing Ribeiro dos Reis for a second spell. He did not fare much better, adding only a Lisbon Championship on his second year, by now a second grade competition.[13] He was succeeded by Vítor Gonçalves in 1934, who would reconquer the Portuguese Championship in his first season and lead the team to the first ever Primeira Liga title in his second year.[14] The managerial changes continued in 1936, with Benfica hiring the first of six Hungarian managers: Lippo Hertzka.[15] Hertzka led Real Madrid to its first La Liga title in 1932, and at Benfica, he remained victorious, adding another two Primeira Liga titles in three seasons.[16] In 1939, Benfica changed manager again, hiring János Biri. In his first year, he won the club's last Lisbon Championships and the club's first Portuguese Cup.[17] Over the following six seasons, he managed the team in 272 games, winning three Primeira Liga titles and another two Portuguese Cup.[18] With the appearance of Sporting CP's "five violins" in 1946, the club attempted to fight them, sacking Biri at the end of the season and rehiring Hertzka.[19] Benfica led the league 1947–48 season for most part but ended in second place, equalized on points, but with a goal less.[19] Benfica then returned to English managers, hiring Ted Smith in 1948.[20] He guided the team to a Portuguese Cup in his first year, the league title and the first European trophy, the Latin Cup, in his second year, [21] and finished his two remaining seasons with two more Portuguese Cup titles, although in the latter, it was his assistant, Cândido Tavares who conquered it, after he returned to England.[22] In 1952–53, Benfica hired Alberto Zozaya only to be replaced mid-season by Ribeiro dos Reis in his third spell, ending the season in second, but with one more Portuguese Cup.[23] Ribeiro dos Reis would lead the club halfway through the next year, with José Valdivieso finishing the first trophyless season in five years.[24] Benfica then hired Otto Glória, a manager that would revolutionize the club, starting the professionalism of the club.[25] He created a house for the players to focus before matches, to strengthen the discipline; increased wages which allowed for professional footballers instead of part-time players; improved the physical training; carefully supervised what players ate; regular medical check-ups; implemented an academic program to improve the players' education; began the teaching of English language and also, through etiquette, how to dress and eat.[26]

Statistics[edit]

Information correct as of match played 29 May 2015. Only competitive matches are counted.

Table headers
  • Nationality – The coach's nationality is given as his country of birth.
  • From – The date the coach began working for Benfica.
  • To – The date the coach last worked for Benfica.
  • P – The number of games coached for Benfica.
  • W – The number of games won as a coach.
  • D – The number of games draw as a coach.
  • L – The number of games lost as a coach.
  • GF – The number of goals scored under his tenure.
  • GA – The number of goals conceded under his tenure.
  • Win% – The total winning percentage under his tenure.
  • Honours – The trophies won while coaching Benfica.
Table key
  •   Player-coach (team player that assumed simultaneously the role of coach)
  •   Caretaker coach (assistant coach that assumed temporarily the job in the absence of the incumbent head coach or until a new head coach was hired)
Managers of S.L. Benfica, their statistics and honours
Name Nationality From To P W D L GF GA Win% Honours Notes
Gourlade, ManuelManuel Gourlade  Portugal 4 November 1906 22 March 1908 16 8 0 8 18 22 50.00
Damião, CosmeCosme Damião  Portugal 17 October 1908 28 March 1926 157 102 21 34 427 161 64.97 99988 Campeonato de Lisboa [n 1]
Reis, Ribeiro dosRibeiro dos Reis  Portugal 17 October 1926 26 May 1929 52 28 11 13 128 86 53.85
John, ArthurArthur John  England 20 October 1929 28 June 1931 46 28 6 12 137 55 60.87 99982 Campeonato de Portugal
Reis, Ribeiro dosRibeiro dos Reis  Portugal 10 January 1932 30 June 1934 56 37 8 11 135 70 66.07 99981 Campeonato de Lisboa
Gonçalves, VítorVítor Gonçalves  Portugal 1 October 1934 30 May 1936 63 41 9 13 184 91 65.08 99981 Primeira Liga
1 Campeonato de Portugal
Hertzka, LipótLipót Hertzka  Hungary 1 October 1936 25 June 1939 92 61 14 17 290 127 66.30 99982 Primeira Liga
Biri, JánosJános Biri  Hungary 1 September 1939 2 July 1947 272 194 25 53 982 470 71.32 99983 Primeira Divisão
3 Taça de Portugal
1 Campeonato de Lisboa
Hertzka, LipótLipót Hertzka  Hungary 1 September 1947 30 June 1948 30 22 3 5 97 42 73.33
Smith, TedTed Smith  England 1 July 1948 6 April 1952 109 73 18 18 354 148 66.97 99981 Primeira Divisão
2 Taça de Portugal
1 Latin Cup
[n 2]
Tavares, CândidoCândido Tavares  Portugal 3 December 1951 15 June 1952 17 13 1 3 59 19 76.47 99981 Taça de Portugal
Zozaya, AlbertoAlberto Zozaya  Argentina 1 September 1952 1 February 1953 15 10 1 4 45 17 66.67
Reis, Ribeiro dosRibeiro dos Reis  Portugal 2 February 1953 20 December 1953 28 19 7 2 77 28 67.86 99981 Taça de Portugal
Valdivieso, JoséJosé Valdivieso  Argentina 21 December 1953 31 May 1954 19 8 3 8 46 37 42.11
Glória, OttoOtto Glória  Brazil 1 August 1954 14 June 1959 169 113 30 26 447 163 66.86 99982 Primeira Divisão
2 Taça de Portugal
Valdivieso, JoséJosé Valdivieso  Argentina 14 June 1959 30 June 1959 1 1 0 0 1 0 100.000 99981 Taça de Portugal
Guttmann, BélaBéla Guttmann  Hungary 1 July 1959 30 June 1962 124 89 20 15 402 144 71.77 99982 Primeira Divisão
2 European Cup
Caiado, FernandoFernando Caiado  Portugal 1 July 1962 1 July 1962 1 1 0 0 3 0 100.000 99981 Taça de Portugal
Riera, FernandoFernando Riera  Chile 1 October 1962 30 May 1963 43 33 5 5 130 44 76.74 99981 Primeira Divisão
Czeizler, LajosLajos Czeizler  Hungary 1 June 1963 30 June 1964 41 33 6 2 169 44 80.49 99981 Primeira Divisão
1 Taça de Portugal
Schwartz, ElekElek Schwartz  Romania 1 July 1964 30 June 1965 46 33 7 6 157 41 71.74 99981 Primeira Divisão
Guttmann, BélaBéla Guttmann  Hungary 1 July 1965 30 June 1966 38 25 7 6 116 51 65.79
Riera, FernandoFernando Riera  Chile 1 July 1966 30 November 1967 49 35 8 6 123 33 71.43 99981 Primeira Divisão [n 3]
Cabrita, FernandoFernando Cabrita  Portugal 1 December 1967 7 April 1968 18 13 2 3 51 17 72.22
Glória, OttoOtto Glória  Brazil 8 April 1968 8 February 1970 75 45 16 14 170 65 60.00 99982 Primeira Divisão
1 Taça de Portugal
Augusto, JoséJosé Augusto  Portugal 9 February 1970 14 May 1970 16 12 3 1 44 13 75.00 99981 Taça de Portugal
Hagan, JimmyJimmy Hagan  England 30 June 1970 23 September 1974 120 94 14 12 339 80 78.33 99983 Primeira Divisão
1 Taça de Portugal
Cabrita, FernandoFernando Cabrita  Portugal 24 September 1973 9 June 1974 35 24 6 5 83 25 68.57
Pavić, MiloradMilorad Pavić  Yugoslavia 1 July 1974 30 June 1975 41 27 10 4 86 21 65.85 99981 Primeira Divisão
Wilson, MárioMário Wilson  Portugal 1 July 1975 30 June 1976 37 25 5 7 108 32 67.57 99981 Primeira Divisão
Mortimore, JohnJohn Mortimore  England 1 July 1976 30 June 1979 114 79 22 13 244 77 69.30 99981 Primeira Divisão
Wilson, MárioMário Wilson  Portugal 1 July 1979 30 June 1980 39 27 7 5 102 27 69.23 99981 Taça de Portugal
Baróti, LajosLajos Baróti  Hungary 1 July 1980 30 June 1982 92 63 16 13 187 59 68.48 99981 Primeira Divisão
1 Taça de Portugal
1 Supertaça de Portugal
Eriksson, Sven-GöranSven-Göran Eriksson  Sweden 1 July 1982 30 June 1984 91 65 17 9 223 60 71.43 99982 Primeira Divisão
1 Taça de Portugal
Csernai, PálPál Csernai  Hungary 1 July 1984 30 June 1985 45 28 7 10 100 41 62.22 99981 Taça de Portugal
Mortimore, JohnJohn Mortimore  England 1 July 1985 4 June 1987 88 60 19 9 173 52 68.18 99981 Primeira Divisão
2 Taça de Portugal
1 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
Skovdahl, EbbeEbbe Skovdahl  Denmark 10 July 1987 28 November 1987 16 10 3 3 24 7 62.50
Toni  Portugal 29 November 1987 30 May 1989 87 52 24 11 158 52 59.77 99981 Primeira Divisão
Eriksson, Sven-GöranSven-Göran Eriksson  Sweden 1 July 1989 30 June 1992 143 94 31 18 304 85 65.73 99981 Primeira Divisão
1 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
Ivić, TomislavTomislav Ivić  Croatia 1 July 1992 25 October 1992 12 7 3 2 23 8 58.33
Toni  Portugal 26 October 1992 30 June 1994 85 57 19 9 176 62 67.06 99981 Primeira Divisão
1 Taça de Portugal
Jorge, ArturArtur Jorge  Portugal 1 July 1994 9 September 1995 54 28 15 11 92 45 51.85
Wilson, MárioMário Wilson  Portugal 10 September 1995 30 June 1996 43 29 7 7 77 39 67.44 99981 Taça de Portugal
Autuori, PauloPaulo Autuori  Brazil 1 July 1996 19 January 1997 23 14 4 5 43 19 60.87
Wilson, MárioMário Wilson  Portugal 20 January 1997 26 January 1997 1 0 0 1 1 2 00.00
José, ManuelManuel José  Portugal 27 January 1997 20 September 1997 29 14 5 10 39 33 48.28
Wilson, MárioMário Wilson  Portugal 21 September 1997 1 November 1997 6 3 3 0 9 4 50.00
Souness, GraemeGraeme Souness  Scotland 2 November 1997 2 May 1999 71 41 15 15 139 65 57.75
Han, ShéuShéu Han  Portugal 3 May 1999 30 May 1999 4 2 1 1 10 5 50.00
Heynckes, JuppJupp Heynckes  Germany 1 July 1999 18 September 2000 48 27 8 13 81 55 56.25
Mourinho, JoséJosé Mourinho  Portugal 20 September 2000 5 December 2000 11 6 3 2 17 9 54.55
Toni  Portugal 6 December 2000 23 December 2001 43 17 16 10 67 58 39.53
Ferreira, JesualdoJesualdo Ferreira  Portugal 25 December 2001 24 November 2002 30 16 7 7 65 32 53.33
Chalana, FernandoFernando Chalana  Portugal 25 November 2002 30 November 2002 1 1 0 0 3 0 100.000
Camacho, José AntonioJosé Antonio Camacho  Spain 1 December 2002 30 May 2004 71 47 14 10 132 60 66.20 99981 Taça de Portugal
Trapattoni, GiovanniGiovanni Trapattoni  Italy 1 July 2004 30 May 2005 51 29 10 12 82 50 56.86 99981 Primeira Liga
Koeman, RonaldRonald Koeman  Netherlands 1 July 2005 30 May 2006 49 27 11 11 64 38 55.10 99981 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
Santos, FernandoFernando Santos  Portugal 1 July 2006 18 August 2007 49 29 11 9 86 41 59.18
Camacho, José AntonioJosé Antonio Camacho  Spain 18 August 2007 9 March 2008 38 18 13 7 57 29 47.37
Chalana, FernandoFernando Chalana  Portugal 10 March 2008 11 May 2008 10 3 3 4 13 13 30.00
Flores, QuiqueQuique Flores  Spain 24 May 2008 8 June 2009 44 23 12 9 73 47 52.27 99981 Taça da Liga
Jesus, JorgeJorge Jesus  Portugal 17 June 2009 4 June 2015 321 225 51 45 674 249 70.09 99983 Primeira Liga
1 Taça de Portugal
5 Taça da Liga
1 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
Vitória, RuiRui Vitória  Portugal 15 June 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 !

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From 1908–09 until 1915–16, Cosme Damião acted as player-coach.[27]
  2. ^ Resigned for personal reasons in December 1951, but unexpectedly returned in March 1952 but left again in April, the 5 games he coached after his return will be added to existing record.[28]
  3. ^ Riera resigned after unpaid salaries and was replaced by his assistant.[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 11.
  2. ^ "Foundation". S.L. Benfica. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Honours". S.L. Benfica. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 29.
  5. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 37.
  6. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 68.
  7. ^ a b Tomaz 2014, p. 144.
  8. ^ Pereira 2014, p. 148.
  9. ^ Pereira 2014, p. 100.
  10. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 104.
  11. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 111.
  12. ^ "As histórias dos muitos treinadores do Sporting" [Histories of the many Sporting CP coaches]. Magazine Sábado (in Portuguese). 14 February 2011. 
  13. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 120.
  14. ^ "A Maior Mentira do Futebol Português" [The biggest lie in Portuguese football]. em-defesa-do-benfica.blogspot.pt. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  15. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 139.
  16. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 139, 145.
  17. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 157.
  18. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 171, 177, 189.
  19. ^ a b Tovar 2012, p. 208.
  20. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 214.
  21. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 220.
  22. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 233.
  23. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 239.
  24. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 245.
  25. ^ Tovar 2012, p. 250.
  26. ^ Tomaz 2014, p. 51.
  27. ^ Tovar (2012), p. 57.
  28. ^ Tovar (2012), p. 233.
  29. ^ Tovar (2012), p. 336.

Bibliography