List of United States federal legislation
||It has been suggested that List of United States federal legislation, 1789–1901, List of United States federal legislation, 1901–2001 and List of United States federal legislation, 2001–present be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2014.|
This is a chronological, but still incomplete, list of United States federal legislation. Congress has enacted approximately 200–600 statutes during each of its 112 biennial terms, so that more than 20,000 statutes have been enacted since 1789.
At the federal level in the United States, legislation (i.e., "statutes" or "statutory law") consists exclusively of Acts passed by the Congress of the United States and its predecessor, the Continental Congress, that were either signed into law by the President or passed by Congress after a presidential veto.
Legislation is not the only source of regulations with the force of law. However, most executive branch and Judicial Branch regulations must originate in a congressional grant of power. See also: Executive orders of the President; regulations of Executive branch departments and administrative agencies; and the procedural rules of the federal courts.
- 1 Publication of the law
- 2 Congress of the Confederation
- 3 1789 to 1901: 1st through 56th Congresses
- 4 1901 to 2001: 57th through 106th Congresses
- 5 2001 to present: 107th and subsequent Congresses
- 6 See also
- 7 Sources
- 8 References
Publication of the law
Statutes at Large (Stat.)
Acts of Congress are published in the United States Statutes at Large. Volumes 1 through 18, which have all the statutes passed from 1789 to 1875, are available on-line at the Library of Congress, here. In the list below, statutes are listed by X Stat. Y, where X is the volume of the Statutes at Large and Y is the page number, as well as either the chapter or Public Law number. See examples below.
Sessions (Sess.) and Chapters (ch.)
Each Congress has two to four sessions. Under the numbering system used from 1789 until 1957, the Acts in each session are numbered sequentially as Chapters. This numbering included both laws applicable to the general public and laws relating to specific individuals, e.g., to grant pensions to disabled veterans.
Since 1957, Acts of Congress related to the general public have been designated in the form: Public Law X-Y where X is the number of the ordinal Congress and Y is the number of the chronological order of the public Act in that Congress. This numbering is continuous across sessions of Congress and does not include acts relating to individuals, which are analogously given Private Law X-Y designations. (From 1901 to 1957, the Statutes at Large listed both a chapter and a Public/Private number for each act) See examples below.
- The Militia Act of 1862 of July 17, 1862, Sess. 2, ch. 201, was the 201st Act of the second session of the 37th Congress.
- The National Banking Act of February 25, 1863, Sess. 3, ch. 58, was the 58th Act of the third session of the 37th Congress.
- The Global Anti-Semitism Review Act of 2004 of October 16, 2004, Pub.L. 108–332, 118 Stat. 1282, was the 332nd Act of Congress (statute) passed in the 108th Congress. It can be found in volume 118 of the U.S. Statutes at Large, starting at page 1282.
- The Help America Vote Act of October 29, 2002, Pub.L. 107–252, 116 Stat. 1666, was the 252nd Act of the 107th Congress. It can be found in volume 116 of the U.S. Statutes at Large, starting at page 1666.
- September 22, 1783: Confederation Congress Proclamation of 1783
- April 23, 1784: Land Ordinance of 1784
- May 21, 1785: Land Ordinance of 1785
- July 13, 1787: Ordinance of 1787: The Northwest Territorial Government ("Northwest Ordinance")
1789 to 1901: 1st through 56th Congresses
1901 to 2001: 57th through 106th Congresses
2001 to present: 107th and subsequent Congresses
- Authorization bill
- Appropriations bill (United States)
- List of sources of law in the United States
- List of Uniform Acts (United States)
- Lists by subject
- Agriculture: United States Department of Agriculture#Related legislation
- Civil Rights: Civil Rights Act (disambiguation)
- Defense: United States Department of Defense#Related legislation
- Drugs: Office of National Drug Control Policy#Legislation and executive orders
- Energy: United States Department of Energy#Related legislation and Energy law#Federal laws
- Health and Human Services: United States Department of Health and Human Services#Related legislation
- Judiciary: Judiciary Act (disambiguation)
- Labor: United States Department of Labor#Related legislation
- Slavery: Slave Trade Acts
- Social Security: List of Social Security legislation (United States)
- Taxation: List of tariffs, Template:US tax acts, and Category:United States federal taxation legislation
- Transportation: United States Department of Transportation#Related legislation
- Veterans Affairs: United States Department of Veterans Affairs#Related legislation
- Water Resources, Navigation, Environmental Regulation: United States Army Corps of Engineers#Public Laws affecting the Corps of Engineers (partial)
- Acts listed by popular name, via Cornell University
- Statutes at Large
- Volumes 1 through 18, 1789–1875, via Library of Congress
- Public laws
- U.S. Code
- Brian K. Landsberg (ed), Major Acts of Congress. MacMillan Reference Books (December 2003) ISBN 0-02-865749-7