List of vulnerable fishes

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6 extinct in the wild fish species (0.04%)455 critically endangered fish species (3.0%)643 endangered fish species (4.2%)1245 vulnerable fish species (8.2%)548 near threatened fish species (3.6%)9131 least concern fish species (60%)3191 data deficient fish species (21%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Extinct in the wild (EW): 6 species
  •   Critically endangered (CR): 455 species
  •   Endangered (EN): 643 species
  •   Vulnerable (VU): 1,245 species
  •   Near threatened (NT, LR/cd): 548 species
  •   Least concern (LC): 9,131 species
  •   Data deficient (DD): 3,191 species
Fish species (IUCN, 2016-2)
  • 15,219 extant species have been evaluated
  • 12,028 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 9679 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 2343 to 5534 are threatened[c]
  • 71 to 158 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 65 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 6 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 87 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Vulnerable (VU) species are considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 1245 vulnerable fish species.[1] 8.1% of all evaluated fish species are listed as vulnerable. The IUCN also lists eight fish subspecies as vulnerable.

Of the subpopulations of fishes evaluated by the IUCN, 18 species subpopulations have been assessed as vulnerable.

For a species to be assessed as vulnerable to extinction the best available evidence must meet quantitative criteria set by the IUCN designed to reflect "a high risk of extinction in the wild". Endangered and critically endangered species also meet the quantitative criteria of vulnerable species, and are listed separately. See: List of endangered fishes, List of critically endangered fishes. Vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered species are collectively referred to as threatened species by the IUCN.

Additionally 3191 fish species (21% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of vulnerable fish species and subspecies evaluated by the IUCN. Species and subspecies which have vulnerable subpopulations (or stocks) are indicated.

Lobe-finned fishes[edit]

Cartilaginous fishes[edit]

Chondrichthyes includes sharks, rays, skates, and sawfish. There are 121 species and eight subpopulations of cartilaginous fish assessed as vulnerable.

Angel sharks[edit]

Mackerel sharks[edit]

Species

Subpopulations

Rays and skates[edit]

There are 74 species and one subpopulation in the order Rajiformes assessed as vulnerable.

Rhynchobatids[edit]

Guitarfish species[edit]

Whiptail stingrays[edit]

Narcinids[edit]

Species

Subpopulations

  • Apron ray (Discopyge tschudii) (1 subpopulation)

Skates[edit]

Skates[edit]

Other Rajiformes species[edit]

Ground sharks[edit]

Species

Subpopulations

Carpet sharks[edit]

Squaliformes[edit]

Species

Subpopulations

Chimaeras[edit]

Lampreys[edit]

Ray-finned fishes[edit]

There are 1114 species, eight subspecies, and four subpopulations of ray-finned fish assessed as vulnerable.

Acipenseriformes[edit]

Includes sturgeons and paddlefishes.

Species

Subspecies

Salmoniformes[edit]

Species

Subpopulations

Silversides[edit]

Toothcarps[edit]

There are 85 species and three subspecies of toothcarp assessed as vulnerable.

Goodeids[edit]

Pupfish species[edit]

Aplocheilids[edit]

Rivulids[edit]

Nothobranchiids[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Poeciliids[edit]

Fundulids[edit]

Cypriniformes[edit]

Cypriniformes includes carps, minnows, loaches and relatives. There are 298 species and one subspecies in the order Cypriniformes assessed as vulnerable.

Hillstream loaches[edit]

True loaches[edit]

Cyprinids[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Suckers[edit]

Gasterosteiformes[edit]

Includes sticklebacks and relatives.

Species

Subpopulations

Osmeriformes[edit]

Includes freshwater smelts and allies.

Catfishes[edit]

There are 89 catfish species assessed as vulnerable.

Ictalurids[edit]

Sisorids[edit]

Loach catfishes[edit]

Claroteids[edit]

Airbreathing catfishes[edit]

Loricariids[edit]

Mochokids[edit]

Bagrids[edit]

Other catfish species[edit]

Batrachoidiformes[edit]

Perciformes[edit]

There are 405 species, one subspecies, and one subpopulation in the order Perciformes assessed as vulnerable.

Gouramis[edit]

Cichlids[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Percids[edit]

Epinephelids[edit]

Species

Subpopulations

Gobies[edit]

Sparids[edit]

Sand stargazers[edit]

Sciaenids[edit]

Labrisomids[edit]

Serranids[edit]

Chaenopsids[edit]

Combtooth blennies[edit]

Wrasses[edit]

Threefin blennies[edit]

Other Perciformes species[edit]

Beloniformes[edit]

Synbranchiformes[edit]

Osteoglossiformes[edit]

Mormyrids[edit]

Gobiesociformes[edit]

Characiformes[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Syngnathiformes[edit]

Includes the pipefishes and seahorses.

Clupeiformes[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Scorpaeniformes[edit]

Ophidiiformes[edit]

Tetraodontiformes[edit]

Other ray-finned fish species[edit]

Hagfishes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.