|Complejo Cultural de Los Pinos|
Seal of Los Pinos
|Address||Casa Miguel Alemán, PB, Col. San Miguel Chapultepec, 11850, Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal|
|Structural system||Casa Miguel Alemán|
Casa Lázaro Cardenas
Plaza Francisco I. Madero
Calzada de la Democracia
Molino del Rey
|Design and construction|
Manuel Giraud Esteva designed the Casa Miguel Alemán
Los Pinos (from Spanish, The Pines) was the official residence and office of the President of Mexico from 1934 to 2018. Located in the Bosque de Chapultepec (Chapultepec Forest) in central Mexico City, it became the presidential seat in 1934, when Gen. Lázaro Cárdenas became the first president to live here. The term Los Pinos became a metonym for the Presidency of Mexico.
After the Spanish Conquest, around 1550 a trapiche (mill) was built in Chapultepec, where wheat and maize were processed into flour. This mill became so important that it was later called el Molino del Rey ("The King's Mill").
In 1853, the Molino del Rey was sold to Doctor José Pablo Martinez del Rio, who built the Casa Grande ("Big House") that would later become known as Rancho La Hormiga ("The Ant Ranch"). In 1865 the whole property was sold to Emperor Maximilian for a total of 25,000 Mexican pesos. Following the 1867 overthrow and execution of Maximilian, the property was, in 1872, returned to Doctor Martinez del Rio.
In 1917, with the end of the armed phase of the Mexican Revolution, President Venustiano Carranza expropriated the properties, paying MX$ 886,473 for both the property and the construction of a residence that would be close to Chapultepec Castle (which at the time was used as the official residence) so that his most trustworthy cabinet member could live there. Because of this, the first inhabitant of the residence was Álvaro Obregón while he held the post of Navy and War Secretary. After his tenure the residence was unused.
In 1934, President Lázaro Cárdenas took office but refused to use the Castle of Chapultepec as his official residence as he thought it too ostentatious. He was offered use of Rancho la Hormiga (The Ant Ranch), which he accepted. He changed its name to Los Pinos (The Pines) for two reasons: first, he did not consider the name La Hormiga to be accordant with the residence of a President and, second, he promised his wife that when he became president, the house they shared would be named after the huerta in Tacámbaro, Michoacan, where they met.
Los Pinos was home to thirteen of the fourteen presidents in office between 1935 and 2018, with the exception of Adolfo López Mateos (1958–1964). In 2000, President Vicente Fox chose one of the nearby cottages as his home and the Casa Miguel Alemán (residence of most prior presidents) was used for offices and other government functions.
In 2018, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, at the time a candidate for the Mexican presidency, announced that he would not live in Los Pinos if he won the election and would instead open the residence to the public. López Obrador won the election, and Los Pinos was opened to the public on December 1, 2018, the day of López Obrador's presidential inauguration. López Obrador moved the presidential offices back to the National Palace, and lives in his own house in Mexico City.
- "Los Pinos: historia de la casa del próximo Presidente de México". Animal Politico. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "La historia de Los Pinos". El Universal. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Becerril, Andrés (11 November 2018). "Los Pinos, el poder como inquilino; se acerca el fin de una era". Excélsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 November 2018.
- Partlow, Joshua (4 June 2018). "If he becomes president, this man will turn Mexico's White House into a public park". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
- Sieff, Kevin (1 December 2018). "Mexico's president has turned the presidential mansion into a museum". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 December 2018.