Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi and Maria Corsini
Blessed Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi (12 January 1880 – 9 November 1951) and Maria Corsini-Beltrame Quattrocchi (24 June 1884 – 26 August 1965) were two married Italian Roman Catholic laypeople who became the first couple to be beatified together in 2001. According to Pope John Paul II, they lived "an ordinary life in an extraordinary way". They are commemorated on 25 November—their wedding anniversary.
Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi
|Born||12 January 1880|
Catania, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||9 November 1951 (aged 71)|
Rome, Lazio, Italy
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||21 October 2001, Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Born||24 June 1884|
Serravalle, Arezzo, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||26 August 1965 (aged 81)|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||21 October 2001, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi
Luigi was born in Catania in 1880 to Carlo and Francesca Beltrame Vita. The second surname was added when Luigi was raised (and then adopted) by his childless aunt and uncle, Stefania and Luigi Quattrocchi, while maintaining a close relationship with his birth parents. He attended school at Ancona and then moved to Rome, where he lived in the area of Esquiline. In Rome he studied jurisprudence at "La Sapienza" University and graduated in 1902 with a degree in law."
Following his graduation, Quattrocchi took a legal position with the Inland Revenue Department, and later went on to hold a number of posts on the boards of a variety of banks and the Bank of Italy.
Maria Luisa Corsini was born in Florence in 1884, a member of the noble Corsini family. Her father, Angeiolo Corsini, was a Royal Army captain of grenadiers. Her mother was Julia Salvi. Because of her father's frequent military transfers, the family lived in Pistoia, Arezzo and Rome.
Corsini had an excellent education from a young age. Parish priests taught her literature classes, which gave her the background to write essays and books on education, religion, the family, and the spiritual upbringing of children. She followed a strict, religious life which included religious counseling, attending mass, receiving daily Communion, and reciting prayers. Although she had been enrolled at a parish school in Rome run by nuns, when one of the nuns talked ill of the king, Corsini transferred to a state run school. After graduation, she became a professor of education and lecturer.
Corsini met Quattrocchi—the son of a family friend—at her family's home in Florence.The two married on 25 November 1905 in the Cappella Corsini in the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (Rome). In the early years after their marriage, they lived together with parents and grandparents.
She was a highly devout person while her husband, in the initial years, was not. In the first three years of marriage, Corsini gave birth to three children: Filippo (born 1906), Stephania (born 1908), and Cesare (born 1909). Diagnosed with placenta praevia during her fourth pregnancy, and given the dangers at that time of carrying the baby to term, doctors counseled the couple to abort the pregnancy. Her husband was advised that, barring a medical intervention, he should expect to be a widower with three small children to attend to. The doctors were able to induce labor, however, and deliver the baby prematurely. Corsini attributed her faith in God to her and her baby's survival. Enrichetta (born 1914), along with two of her siblings, were present for their parents' beatification (in 2001).
Maria worked for the Red Cross during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War and served as a Voluntary Nurse in the Italian Red Cross during World War II. The couple's home was open for those in need during wartime. Corsini was active with women's causes in the St. Vitale parish, and the women's division of "Catholic Action".
The couple had four children:
- Filippo (October 15, 1906 - February 20, 2003), Benedictine priest, known as Don Tarcisio or Don Tar.
- Stefania (March 9, 1908 - March 1, 1993), Benedictine nun, known as Suor Cecilia.
- Cesare (November 27, 1909 - December 31, 2008), Trappist monk, known as Father Paolino.
- Enrichetta (April 6, 1914 - June 16, 2012), whose cause of beatification opened in 2018.
Don Tarcisio and Father Paolino joined ASCI as children and following their ordinations they became scout chaplains. When ASCI joined with the girl guides and became AGESCI (Associazione Guide e Scouts Cattolici Italiani), both joined the new association.
The couple were among the founders of many Catholic organizations:
- ASCI (Associazione Scouts Cattolici Italiani), the Italian Catholic scout association;
- Azione Cattolica, the biggest lay organization of Catholics in Italy;
- UNITALSI, an organization which carries infirm people on pilgrimages to Lourdes and other sanctuaries.
Both were members of the Third Order Regular of St. Francis of Penance. They started scouting groups for children in the poorer neighborhoods of Rome. Although initially supportive, they soon became disenchanted with fascism. During the Second World War, their home on Via Depretis became a shelter for Jews and other refugees.
Corsini and her husband were associated with many religious institutions. Cardinal Jose Saraiva Martin noted that "they made their family an authentic domestic church, open to life, prayer, witness of the Gospel, the social apostolate, solidarity with the poor, and friendship... Intimately united in love and Christian ideals, they walked together on the path of holiness." The couple also established a Scouting group in Rome.
Death and burial
Luigi died 9 November 1951 in Rome. Maria died on 26 August 1965 at her La Madonnina home in Serravalle di Bibbiena, which had been built by her husband. Both are buried in the crypt of the Santuario della Madonna del Divino Amore in Rome.
The Foundation Luigi and Maria Beltrame Quattrochi, established in their honour, has the objective of helping couples to marry and to advise them on cementing their marital life.
The beatification process commenced on 18 October 1994 which would allow for the two to hold the title of Servant of God. A local process was held from 25 November 1994 to 4 December 1996 in order to collect documentation and testimonies. The process was validated on 20 June 1997 with the Positio submitted to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints in 1999. Cardinal José Saraiva Martins, Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, said that they "made a true domestic church of their family, which was open to life, to prayer, to the social apostolate, to solidarity with the poor and to friendship".
Pope John Paul II approved their lives of heroic virtue and proclaimed them to be Venerable on 7 July 2001. In that same decree, he also recognized a miracle that had been attributed to their intercession. He beatified them both on 21 October 2001. in the presence of three of their four children. Their sons concelebrated the Mass with the Pope. The day of the beatification was special, as it marked the 20th anniversary since the publication of the Familiari Consortia an Apostolic Exhortation.
A second miracle needed for their canonization was investigated from 11 March 2014 to 17 December 2014. If declared verified, the two will be canonized as saints. Their relics are contained in a crypt at the Santuario della Madonna del Divino Amore in Rome.
—Pope John Paul II
Selected works by Corsini
Corsini wrote several books about education:
- (1912) La madre : nel problema educativo moderno
- (1924) Voce di madre : lettere ai giovani
- (1924?) Incontro al Re d'amore : raccolta di prediche
- (1940) Il fucco à da ardere
- (1950) Il libro della giovane
- (1955) Mamma vera
- (1968) Una testimonianza: M. Amabile Damiazzi
- Familiaris consortio, "On the Role of the Christian Family in the Modern World"
- "Beatification Of The Servants Of God Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi And Maria Corsini, Married Couple". Website of Vatican. 21 October 2001. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- 1951 Hagiography Circle and 1965 Hagiography Circle; News Saints lists online; Faithweb.com; accessed June 2018
- Pope John Paul II. "Homily on the beatification of the Servants of God, Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi and Maria Corsini", 21 October 2001, Libreria Editrice Vaticana
- "Luigi and Maria Beltrame Quattrocchi", Saints Resource, RCL Benziger
- Walsh, Mary Ann (1 January 2003). John Paul II: A Light for the World : Essays and Reflections on the Papacy of John Paul II. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-58051-142-1.
- "Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi and Blessed Maria Corsini", L'Osservatore Romano, 10 October 2001, p. 11
- Cruz, Joan Carroll (2004). Saintly Women of Modern Times. Our Sunday Visitor Publishing. p. 137–140. ISBN 978-1-59276-003-9.
- Catholic Church. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops 2006, p. 373.
- "Blessed Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi 1880–1951, Blessed Maria Corsini 1884–1965". Savior.org. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Burns, Paul (15 June 2005). Butler's Saints of the Third Millennium: Butler's Lives of the Saints: Supplementary Volume. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 268. ISBN 978-1-4411-3077-8.
- Sullivan, Mary Ann. "Heroic in marriage", Marian Helper, Spring 2002
- Dom Antoine Marie osb., "Blessed Luigi and Maria Beltrame Quatrocchi", Abbey of Saint-Joseph de Clairval
- Kennedy, Carol Puccio. "Beautiful Together: Luigi Quattrocchi and Maria Corsini", Lay Witness, May/June 2002
- Father Paolino; 2009
- "BL. LUIGI BELTRAME QUATTROCCHI (1880–1951) and BL. MARIA CORSINI (1884–1965) L'Osservatore Romano". Eternal Word Television Network. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- "Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi (1880–1951) e Maria Corsini vedova Beltrame Quattrocchi (1884–1965)". The Vatican. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Blessed Maria Corsini Beltrame Quattrocchi; CatholicSaints. Info. Updated 14 January 2018. Web. Accessed 2 June 2018.
- Blessed Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi; CatholicSaints. Info. Updated 5 October 2017. Web. Accessed 2 June 2018
- Catholic Church. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (2006). United States Catholic Catechism for Adults. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. ISBN 978-1-57455-450-2.