M60 motorway (Great Britain)
|Manchester Outer Ring Road|
|Part of E20 and E22|
|Maintained by National Highways|
|Length||36.1 mi (58.1 km)|
7 miles (11 km) are concurrent with the M62 motorway
|Orbital around Manchester|
|Manchester, Stockport, Trafford Park, Ashton-under-Lyne, Oldham|
The M60 motorway, Manchester Ring Motorway or Manchester Outer Ring Road is an orbital motorway in North West England. Built over a 40-year period, it passes through most of Greater Manchester's metropolitan boroughs except for Wigan and Bolton. Most of Manchester is encompassed within the motorway, except for the southernmost part of the city (Wythenshawe and Manchester Airport) which is served by the M56.
The M60 is 36.1 miles (58.1 km) long and was renamed the M60 in 1998, with parts of the M62, M66 and all of the M63 being amalgamated into the new route, and the circle completed in 2000. The road forms part of the unsigned Euroroutes E20 and E22 from junctions 12 to 18.
In 2008, the M60 was proposed as a cordon for congestion charging in Greater Manchester, although this was rejected in a referendum relating to the Greater Manchester Transport Innovation Fund.
The M60 was developed by connecting and consolidating the existing motorway sections of the M63, M62, and an extended M66. It came into existence as the M60 in 1998, followed by the completion of the eastern side (junctions 19–23) opening in October 2000.
The original plan called for a completely new motorway, but policy change led to the plan which created the current motorway. As soon as it opened, the motorway came close to its projected maximum volume on significant sections.
It is an orbital motorway, and in 2004, a section of the northern M60 was the UK's busiest stretch of road, with an average of 181,000 vehicles per day using the stretch between junctions 16 and 17. Usually, the western side of the M25 motorway holds that distinction, but the M25's figures at the time were lower than normal due to roadworks starting.
In 2006, the section between junctions 5 and 6 was widened from three to four lanes each way and the section between junctions 6 and 8 was widened from two to three lanes each way with an additional two-lane collector/distributor road on either side of the main carriageways. Access for junctions 6 to 8 is only from the collector/distributor road. Some of the junctions were extensively re-modelled. As part of the project, the A6144(M) motorway, which connected to the M60 at junction 8, was downgraded and lost its motorway status.
The Greater Manchester congestion charge which would have affected drivers only during peak times coming off the M60 towards Manchester was rejected by a referendum on 12 December 2008.
Work to upgrade two sections of the M60 to a managed motorway system had been planned to commence in 2013. This would have included a new lane from junction 12 to 15 and a new lane from junction 8 to 12 near the Trafford Centre. Both these projects were subsequently cancelled in favour of a new project that includes speed cameras on this section but no additional lane or hard-shoulder running. An 'environmental assessment' was cited as the reason an additional lane was not provided. A combined approach was initiated in 2014, comprising managed motorway system and lane gain scheme. Work commenced in July 2014, and the full stretch of smart motorway became fully operational on 31 July 2018.
There are no motorway service areas on the M60. The closest service area is at Birch Services on the M62 heading eastwards.
|×||Motorway not open|
|–||Motorway open but no junction|
Each motorway in England requires that a Statutory Instrument be published, detailing the route of the road, before it can be built. The dates given on these Statutory Instruments relate to when the document was published, and not when the road was built. Provided below is an incomplete list of the Statutory Instruments relating to the route of the M60.
- Statutory Instrument 1988 No. 1708: M66 Motorway (Manchester Ring Road, Denton to Middleton Section) and Connecting Roads Scheme 1988 S.I. 1988/1708
- Statutory Instrument 1988 No. 1728: M66 Motorway (Middleton to the Lancashire/Yorkshire Motorway (M62) Section) and Connecting Roads Scheme 1988 S.I. 1988/1728
- Statutory Instrument 1993 No. 363: M66 Motorway (Manchester Outer Ring Road, Denton to Middleton Section) A663 Broadway All-Purpose Connecting Road Order 1993 S.I. 1993/363
- Statutory Instrument 1993 No. 364: M66 Motorway (Manchester Outer Ring Road, Denton to Middleton Section) and Connecting Roads Scheme 1988 Amendment Scheme 1993 S.I. 1993/364
- Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 2724: The M60 Motorway (Improvement Between Junctions 5 and 8) Connecting Roads Scheme 1999 S.I. 1999/2724
- Statutory Instrument 2002 No. 2403: The M60 Motorway (Junction 25) (Speed Limit) Regulations 2002 S.I. 2002/2403
The junctions on the M60 are very closely spaced together, with an average distance of 1.3 miles (2.1 km) between junctions. The recommended junction spacing for motorways is every 10 to 12 miles (16 to 19 km). By comparison, the M6 motorway has an average distance of 5.3 miles (8.5 km) between junctions.
The entire length of the M60 lies within the ceremonial county of Greater Manchester.
|Stockport||0||0||1[coord 1]||A5145 - Stockport|
|Cheadle||1.5||2.4||2[coord 2]||A560 - Cheadle||No Eastbound entrance or Westbound exit|
|3[coord 3]||A34 - Cheadle, Wilmslow||No exits going Northbound or entrances from North|
|Gatley||4[coord 4]||M56 - Chester, Warrington, Manchester Airport||No exit Eastbound or entrance Westbound|
|Wythenshawe||4.5||7.3||5[coord 5]||A5103 - Central Manchester, Didsbury, Chester, Warrington, Manchester Airport||No exits North or entrances from South going East|
No exits South or entrances from North going West
|Sale||6.0||9.7||6[coord 6]||A6144 - Sale|
|6.8||10.9||7[coord 7]||A56 - Central Manchester, Stretford, Altrincham|
|7.5||12.0||8[coord 8]||A6144 - Carrington|
|Urmston||9.3||15.0||9[coord 9]|| A6144 - Trafford Park, Trafford Centre
B5158 - Urmston
|10.3||16.5||10[coord 10]||B5158 - Trafford Park, Urmston|
|Eccles||11.4||18.4||11[coord 11]||A57 - Eccles, Irlam|
|12.2||19.7||12[coord 12]|| M62 - Liverpool, Warrington
M602 - Central Manchester, Salford
|Worsley||13.0||21.0||13[coord 13]|| A572 - Swinton
A575 - Worsley, Leigh A580
|14.1||22.7||14[coord 14]||A580 - St. Helens, Leigh||Northbound entrance from East and Southbound exit going West only|
|15[coord 15]||M61 - Preston, Wigan, Bolton|
|Clifton||16.3||26.2||16[coord 16]||A666 - Salford, Kearsley||No entrance Eastbound or exit Westbound|
|Whitefield||18.5||29.7||17[coord 17]||A56 - Central Manchester, Prestwich, Whitefield|
|19.8||31.8||18[coord 18]|| M62 - Leeds, Huddersfield
M66 - Bury, Burnley, Blackburn
|Middleton||21.0||33.8||19[coord 19]||A576 - Central Manchester, Middleton|
|22.6||36.4||20[coord 20]||A664 - Middleton, Blackley||No Westbound exit or Eastbound entrance|
|Whitegate||24.7||39.8||21[coord 21]||A663 - Central Manchester, Rochdale, Chadderton|
|Failsworth||26.3||42.3||22[coord 22]||A62 - Central Manchester, Oldham||No entrance North-Eastbound|
|Ashton under Lyne||28.6||46.0||23[coord 23]|| A635 - Ashton under Lyne
A6140 - Ashton under Lyne
|Denton||30.6||49.3||24[coord 24]|| M67 - Hyde, Sheffield
A57 - Central Manchester, Denton
|Stockport||25[coord 25]||A560 - Bredbury||no entrances to M60 South-Westbound|
|26[coord 26]||A560 - Stockport||No entrances or exits going East|
No exits to A560 going east or exits from A560 going west
|27[coord 27]||A560 - Stockport||No South-Westbound exit or North-Eastbound entrance|
|36.1||58.1||Motorway continues to junction 1|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Coordinate list
- ^ 53°24′33″N 2°10′27″W / 53.4091°N 2.1742°W
- ^ 53°24′06″N 2°12′36″W / 53.4017°N 2.2100°W
- ^ 53°23′56″N 2°13′34″W / 53.3989°N 2.2262°W
- ^ 53°23′57″N 2°14′16″W / 53.3991°N 2.2377°W
- ^ 53°24′50″N 2°15′54″W / 53.4139°N 2.2649°W
- ^ 53°25′36″N 2°17′38″W / 53.4267°N 2.2939°W
- ^ 53°26′13″N 2°18′54″W / 53.4370°N 2.3151°W
- ^ 53°26′27″N 2°20′08″W / 53.4409°N 2.3356°W
- ^ 53°27′28″N 2°20′21″W / 53.4579°N 2.3392°W
- ^ 53°27′51″N 2°21′25″W / 53.4643°N 2.3570°W
- ^ 53°28′35″N 2°22′25″W / 53.4763°N 2.3736°W
- ^ 53°29′15″N 2°22′36″W / 53.4876°N 2.3768°W
- ^ 53°30′04″N 2°23′02″W / 53.5012°N 2.3838°W
- ^ 53°30′47″N 2°22′11″W / 53.5130°N 2.3697°W
- ^ 53°31′25″N 2°21′37″W / 53.5235°N 2.3604°W
- ^ 53°31′34″N 2°20′14″W / 53.5262°N 2.3371°W
- ^ 53°32′20″N 2°17′20″W / 53.5388°N 2.2889°W
- ^ 53°32′59″N 2°15′38″W / 53.5498°N 2.2605°W
- ^ 53°32′24″N 2°14′14″W / 53.5400°N 2.2372°W
- ^ 53°32′02″N 2°12′25″W / 53.5338°N 2.2069°W
- ^ 53°31′37″N 2°09′36″W / 53.5269°N 2.1601°W
- ^ 53°31′12″N 2°08′36″W / 53.5200°N 2.1434°W
- ^ 53°28′48″N 2°07′02″W / 53.4799°N 2.1173°W
- ^ 53°27′24″N 2°08′10″W / 53.4568°N 2.1361°W
- ^ 53°25′30″N 2°07′33″W / 53.4251°N 2.1258°W
- ^ 53°25′13″N 2°08′15″W / 53.4204°N 2.1376°W
- ^ 53°25′00″N 2°08′56″W / 53.4166°N 2.1488°W
Data from driver location signs is used to provide distance and carriageway identifier information.
- On May 27, 2021, a car being chased by Greater Manchester Police deliberately drove the wrong direction on the motorway, colliding head-on with another car. Both drivers died. The accident triggered an investigation by the Independent Office of Police Conduct.
- ^ "M60 Motorway". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 15 November 2009. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- ^ "M60". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 15 November 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- ^ http://www.dft.gov.uk/stellent/groups/dft_transstats/documents/downloadable/dft_transstats_038887.pdf dft.gov.uk
- ^ "Speech by Minister of State for Transport, Dr Stephen Ladyman, delivered at the opening ceremony of the widened M60 junction 5-8". Department For Transport. 26 June 2006. Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
- ^ "M60 Junctions 8-12 Managed Motorways". Highways Agency. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
- ^ "M60 Junctions 15-12 Lane Gain". Highways Agency. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
- ^ "North-West Smart Motorways - M60 junction 8 to M62 junction 20". Highways England. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- ^ "M68 Middleton Link". Pathetic motorways. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
- ^ "M62 Stretford-Eccles Bypass". Pathetic motorways. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
- ^ "M63 Manchester South Orbital". Pathetic motorways. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
- ^ "M60". CBRD. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- ^ "Traffic England Live Traffic Condition Map". Locations extracted from Traffic Camera Popup identifier text. Highways Agency. p. 1. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- ^ "M60 fatal crash: Car chased by police drove wrong way on motorway". BBC. 28 May 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- CBRD Motorway Database - M60
- Highways Agency - M60 Jct 5 to 8 (formerly M63 Jct 6 to 9) widening
- Guide to the M60 Smart Motorway Construction
- Hyde, M., O'Rourke, A. and Portland, P. Around the M60: Manchester's Orbital Motorway. Altrincham: AMCD Publishers, 2004.