Magna Steyr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

MAGNA STEYR Fahrzeugtechnik GmbH & Co KG
Company typeLimited public partnership (GmbH & KG)
IndustryAutomotive
Contract manufacturing
PredecessorSteyr-Daimler-Puch
Founded2001
FounderFrank Stronach
Headquarters,
Key people
Roland Prettner, President
ProductsComplete vehicle automobile manufacturing, automobile components
ServicesConsultancy services
RevenueIncrease
Number of employees
13,500 (2022)
ParentMagna International
Websitemagna.com

Magna Steyr GmbH & Co KG is an automobile manufacturer based in Graz, Austria, where its primary manufacturing plant is also located. It is a subsidiary of Canadian-based Magna International and was previously part of the Steyr-Daimler-Puch conglomerate.

Magna Steyr engineers develop and assemble automobiles for other companies on a contractual basis; therefore, Magna Steyr is not an automobile marque. In 2002, the company absorbed Daimler AG's Eurostar vehicle assembly facility. With an annual production capacity of approximately 200,000 vehicles as of 2018,[1] it is the largest contract manufacturer for automobiles worldwide.[2] The company has several manufacturing sites, with its main car production in Graz in Austria.

Magna Steyr developed Mercedes-Benz's "4Matic" all-wheel drive (AWD) system, and was the sole manufacturer of all E-Class 4Matic models between 1996 and 2006.[3] The company also undertook substantial development on the BMW X3 and manufactured all original X3s (model code E83), and the Aston Martin Rapide. The company developed several cars on behalf of manufacturers such as the Audi TT, Fiat Bravo and Peugeot RCZ.

History[edit]

Magna Steyr GmbH & Co KG was founded in 2001 after Magna International Inc. acquired a majority shareholding in Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG three years earlier.[4]

During the second quarter of 2015, the Magna Steyr battery pack business was sold to Samsung SDI for approximately $120 million.[5]

Production[edit]

Current[edit]

In March 2017 Magna Steyr started to produce the new BMW 5 Series sedan; production was shared with BMW Group's manufacturing plant in Dingolfing, Germany.[6]

In early December 2016 Magna International announced it will build the new Jaguar I-Pace, the company’s first battery electric vehicle. Jaguar later said Magna Steyr will also assemble its E-Pace crossover, starting later in 2017. Magna Steyr confirmed the deal following Jaguar's announcement.[7] Production for the I-Pace started in early 2018.

In January 2020, Sony presented a concept car, the Sony Vision-S, which was developed and built in cooperation with Magna Steyr. In October 2020 Magna International announced it would build a new electric vehicle, the Fisker Ocean, while taking a 6% ownership interest in Fisker Inc.[8] Also the Ineos Grenadier 4x4 has been developed with expertise from Magna Steyr, with subsidiary Magna Powertrain working on the development of the chassis and suspension and the car being built at the former Smartville plant at Hambach in France.[9][10][11][12][13]

Past models[edit]

Car components[edit]

Rear differential[edit]

Cancelled contracts[edit]

Porsche had announced in June 2008 that the Boxster and Cayman models would be manufactured by Magna Steyr from 2012, but this contract was cancelled in December 2009 and transferred to Karmann, a German car assembly company which was recently taken over by Porsche's parent company, Volkswagen.[20]

MILA[edit]

Magna Steyr MILA Concept

Magna Steyr created the MILA (Magna Innovation Lightweight Auto)[21] brand for its technology and research. Several concept cars have been shown at motor shows.

MILA Concept[edit]

The showcar was presented at the IAA in Frankfurt in 2005 as a one-seater sportscar. The first prototype of the CNG-powered vehicle was built in 2006. Mila 2, the two-seater version, followed.

MILA Future[edit]

Presented at the Geneva Motor Show 2007, the Mila Future is a sculpture with four roof options: coupé, landaulet, coupster (a crossover between a coupé and a roadster) and roadster.

MILA Alpin[edit]

Magna Steyr MILA Alpin concept

The Alpin was a small, lightweight off-road vehicle for four passengers in a 3+1 seat arrangement announced at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show.[22] It had an unusual mid-engine layout and was based on a low-cost production concept.[23] It was 3,540 millimetres (11.61 ft) long, 1,703 millimetres (5.587 ft) wide and 1,750 millimetres (5.74 ft) high, with a 3-cylinder 1.0 L (999cc) engine in two versions; CNG natural gas or petrol. The petrol version was much lighter, with a weight of 906 kilograms (1,997 lb).

MILA EV[edit]

The Mila EV was a plug-in electric vehicle concept[24] based on a modular lightweight platform, displayed at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show.[25]

MILA Aerolight[edit]

At the Geneva Motor Show 2011, the fifth Mila concept car was presented: Mila Aerolight, a compact four-seater, powered by CNG.

Magna Steyr MILA Blue

MILA Coupic[edit]

The sixth concept car in the Mila family, the Mila Coupic, combines three vehicle concepts in one: a SUV coupé which can be transformed into a pick-up or a convertible. It was presented at the Geneva Motor Show 2012.

MILA Blue[edit]

MILA Blue is a natural-gas powered lightweight concept vehicle with emissions of CO2 of less than 49 grams per kilometre (2.8 oz/mi). The car achieves a weight saving of 300 kilograms (660 lb) compared to typical current A-segment vehicles powered by CNG.[26]

MILA Plus[edit]

MILA Plus combines a lightweight construction with alternative-drive for performance and eco-friendliness. With an all-electric range of 75 kilometres (47 mi) and a vehicle weight of 1,520 kilograms (3,350 lb), MILA Plus achieves reduced CO2 emissions of 32 grams per kilometre (1.8 oz/mi).[27] It was introduced to the public at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Magna to Build New Paint Line in Slovenia to Support Graz Vehicle Production". Magna International. 17 October 2017. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  2. ^ "New World of Telecommunications". Siemens. 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  3. ^ "Magna Phases Out E-Class 4MATIC". WardsAuto. 15 December 2006. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Chronicle - MAGNA STEYR | Magna International Inc". 2 October 2011. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Press Release – Magna Announces Second Quarter and Year to Date Results". Magna International website. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2017. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "News Release – Magna to Build New BMW 5 Series". Magna.com. 15 September 2016. Archived from the original on 17 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  7. ^ "News Release – Magna to Build Jaguar Land Rover I-Pace Vehicle in Graz, Austria". Magna.com. 1 December 2016. Archived from the original on 17 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Fisker closes deal for supplier Magna to build its SUV, take stake in startup".
  9. ^ "INEOS Automotive Announces Engineering Partner for the Grenadier Development".
  10. ^ "Ineos adds Magna Steyr as Grenadier development partner".
  11. ^ "Ineos partners with major engineering firm on Grenadier development".
  12. ^ "INEOS partners with Magna Steyr on Grenadier".
  13. ^ https://newspressuk.com/publicReleaseView/97674/53971?token=3Ux2iZH1oHrkhGzMkxdS
  14. ^ "Business news, local news, expert opinion". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Mini Paceman review". The Telegraph. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
  16. ^ Pulman, Ben (20 January 2010). "Mini Countryman (2010): first official pictures by CAR Magazine". Carmagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  17. ^ "Roof Systems - MAGNA STEYR | Magna International Inc". 17 June 2011. Archived from the original on 17 June 2011.
  18. ^ "Opel Astra - MAGNA STEYR | Magna International Inc". 1 January 2011. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011.
  19. ^ Bell, Matt (6 June 2019). "FRENCH FAMILY CARS".
  20. ^ "Porsche cancels Magna contract". Autocar. 21 December 2009. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Magna Steyr presents "MILA Concept" : Sporty fun car powered by natural gas" (PDF). Magnasteyr.com. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  22. ^ Jonathon Ramsey (28 February 2008). "Geneva '08 Preview: Magna Steyr MILA Alpin concept". Autoblog. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  23. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20111002095909/http://www.magna.com/xbcr/complete_vehicle/images/content/Mila_Alpin_rdax_435x267.jpg. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Preview: Obama at Plug-In Center Thurs + News Roundup". CalCars. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  25. ^ http://www.magna.com/xbcr/group_sub-sites/files/download/Magna_Steyr_mila_ev_en.pdf [dead link]
  26. ^ "Magna unveils 'Mila Blue,' a lightweight, natural-gas hybrid concept". CanadianManufacturing.com. 26 February 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  27. ^ "Magna Steyr MILA Plus concept". Car and Driver. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  28. ^ "Magna Steyr Mila Plus – hybrid sports car concept debuts Geneva". evo.

External links[edit]