BMW X3

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BMW X3
2018 BMW X3 (G01) xDrive20d M Sport wagon (2018-09-17) 01.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production2003–present
Model years2004–present
Body and chassis
ClassCompact luxury crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutFR layout (F25 only)
F4 layout (xDrive)

The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003. Based on the BMW 3 Series platform, and now in its third generation, BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's proprietary descriptor for its X-line of vehicles. The first generation X3 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria—who also manufactured all X3s under contract to BMW. BMW manufactures the second generation X3 at their Spartanburg plant in South Carolina, United States. The third generation of the BMW X3 is also manufactured at BMW South Africa's Rosslyn plant, a facility that recently underwent a major upgrade to prepare for the X3 production. About 76,000 units will be manufactured there annually.[1]

Designed to compete with the Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class (renamed GLC-Class since 2016), Audi Q5, Porsche Macan, Jaguar F-Pace, Volvo XC60, Lincoln MKC, Lexus NX, and the Range Rover Velar, it slots below the larger X5 and the Coupé-like X6, but above the smaller X1 and the X2.

First generation (E83; 2003–2010)[edit]

First generation (E83)
06-07 BMW X3.jpg
Overview
ProductionAugust 2003[2] – 31 August 2010[3]
AssemblyAustria: Graz (Magna Steyr)
Egypt: 6th of October City (BAG)[4]
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)[5]
LayoutLongitudinally mounted, front engine, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
2.0 L N46 I4
2.5 L M54/N52 I6
3.0 L M54/N52 I6
Diesel:
2.0 L M47/N47 I4
3.0 L M57 I6
Transmission6-speed automatic and manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length2004–08: 179.7 in (4,564 mm)
2009–10: 4,570 mm (179.9 in)
Width1,855 mm (73.0 in)
Height2007–08: 1,675 mm (65.9 in)
2004–06 & 2009–10: 1,673 mm (65.9 in)

The first generation BMW X3, internally designated as the E83, was produced from 2003 to 2010 and based on the BMW 3 Series platform. The E83 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria—who also manufactured all first generation X3s under contract to BMW.

Interior

As a precursor to the X3, in 2003 BMW presented the xActivity concept vehicle at the Detroit Auto Show featuring the 3 Series platform and a fixed-profile convertible body style with reinforced longitudinal rails connect the A-pillars to the rear of the car on both sides, eliminating B- or C-pillars.

The X3 premiered in September 2003 at the Frankfurt Auto Show (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung), sharing its rear suspension with the E46 330xi and using an automatic four-wheel drive system marketed as xDrive. All X3 models feature BMW's all wheel drive system, with a default 40:60 torque split between the front and rear axles and the ability to direct all torque to either axle. The system used an electronically controlled multiple-plate clutch to enable infinitely adjustable, fully variable distribution of torque from front to rear with the capability of up to 100 percent of engine torque going to either axle. BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's descriptor for its X-line of vehicles.

The X3 was conceived to combine the agility of a compact model with the driving experience of the company's X5. The X3 featured an upright, high H-point seating configuration, marketed as "command seating". Styling exhibited interacting concave and convex surfacing, characteristic for the company at the time along with a reinterpreted Hofmeister kink.

BMW upgraded the model in 2005 and facelifted the model in 2007, with revised body bumpers, engine, interior trim, and suspension.

The X3 3.0i won the Canadian Car of the Year Best Sports Utility Vehicle award for 2005. The X3 was initially criticised for its harsh ride, austere interior, lack of off-road capability and high price.[6]

U.S-spec X3 models were well-equipped, with standard equipment such as: the BMW Business A/M-F/M-CD radio (with optional dealer-activated Bluetooth functionality for wireless phones), an eight-speaker premium audio system, leatherette-trimmed seating surfaces, dual power front bucket seats, aluminum interior trim accents, keyless entry, and seventeen-inch (17") aluminum-alloy wheels. Optional equipment included a ten-speaker premium audio system with Digital Sound Processing (DSP), Sirius Satellite Radio, a dashboard-mounted color GPS navigational system that replaced the upper dashboard storage compartment and contained a modified version of BMW's "iDrive" multimedia system, eighteen-inch (and later nineteen-inch) aluminum-alloy wheels, Nevada leather-trimmed seating surfaces, heated front and rear seats, a heated steering wheel, a security system, BMW Assist, a panoramic dual-pane moonroof, Xenon front headlamps with adaptive front headlamps, and sport front bucket seats.

2003–2006[edit]

  • Bluetooth could actually be ordered straight from the factory (part of the Premium Package) and functioned without dealer intervention. (Although the BMW X3 was originally offered and promised with Bluetooth support in 2004, none of the cars that shipped from the factory actually had it installed. Few were able to get it to work with servicing from their dealer.)
  • The interior was upgraded with more consistent plastic panels. Also instead of having grey carpeting which was present on all 2004 X3s, the 2005 X3 came with carpeting that matched the leather ordered (with the exception of the Terracotta interior with black carpeting).
  • Slightly softer suspension.
  • Front fenders are one piece, as opposed to the two piece found on 2004 models.
  • A 2.0d engine became available in 2005 for some markets – joining the 2.5i and 3.0i engines (found stateside) as well as the 3.0d engine sold elsewhere in the world.
  • An 'Open-Door' indicator was added on the 2004 models.

2006–2010[edit]

For 2006, the U.S.-spec X3 lost its 2.5L M54 inline 6-cylinder engine for the 2.5i model. The only model available from 2006 onwards for the U.S.-spec X3 was the 3.0L M54 inline 6-cylinder engine (later, the N52 inline 6-cylinder engine) and the 3.0i model (later, 3.0Si or xDrive30i). This further increased the X3's base price.

In September 2006, the E83 received a facelift with revised headlights, grille, front bumper, tail lights, rear bumper, and interior.

For the 2007 model year, the US market X3 was powered by the N52 inline 6-cylinder engine that debuted on the 2006 E90 3 Series. Internationally, the X3 received smaller engines including the 4-cylinder petrol and diesel options. In Europe, the range started with a 2.0-litre 4-cylinder petrol, a 4cyl. turbo diesel and continues with 6-cylinder turbo & bi-turbo diesels. The largest diesel offered was the sport diesel with 213 kW; 290 PS (286 bhp).

U.S. market 2006 X3's were equipped with a version of the 'M' technik body kit with unpainted door sills and wheel arches. U.S. spec Sport Package 2006 X3's received the full 'M' body kit (with painted front, side and rear plastic) available internationally as a factory accessory. 2.5i was removed for sale from the U.S. and Adaptive headlamps and a panoramic sunroof were made available, as well as upgraded dashboard components and leather seating.

Since September 2008, the Edition Exclusive and Edition lifestyle were available. The M-Sport Package was replaced in March 2009 by the Sport Limited Edition.

Pre-facelift styling

Post-facelift styling

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP scores
Adult Occupant: 4/5 stars
Child Occupant: 4/5 stars
Pedestrian: 1/4 stars

Engines[edit]

Petrol
Model Year Engine code Power Torque 0–100 km/h Top speed km/h
2.0i 2004–2010 N46B20 110 kW (148 hp) @6200 200 N⋅m (150 lb⋅ft) @3750 11.5 198
2.5i 2004–2006 M54B25 135 kW (181 hp) @6000 245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) @3500 8.9(MT) / 9.8(AT) 208
2.5si/ xDrive25i 2007–2010 N52B25 160 kW (215 hp) @6500 250 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) @2750–4250 8.5(MT) / 8.9(AT) 210(MT/AT)
221(MT)* / 220(AT)*
3.0i 2004–2006 M54B30 170 kW (228 hp) @5900 300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) @3500 7.8(MT) / 8.1(AT) 210(MT/AT)
224(MT)* / 210(AT)*
3.0si/ xDrive30i 2007–2010 N52B30 200 kW (268 hp) @6650 315 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft) @2750 7.2(MT) / 7.5(AT) 210(AT/MT)
232(AT)* / 228(MT)*
Diesel
Model Year Engine code Power Torque 0–100 km/h Top speed km/h
xDrive18d 2009–2010 N47D20 110 kW (148 hp) @4000 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) @1750 10.3 195
2.0d/ xDrive20d 2005–2007 M47TUD20 110 kW (148 hp) @4000 330 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) @2000 10.2 198
2007–2010 N47D20 130 kW (174 hp) @4000 350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) @1750–3000 8.9(MT) / 9.2(AT) 206(MT) / 205(AT)
3.0d/ xDrive30d 2003–2004 M57TUD30 150 kW (201 hp) @4000 410 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) @1500–3250 7.9(MT)/ 8.2 (AT) 210(MT/AT)
218(MT)* / 215(AT)*
2004–2010 M57TU2D30 160 kW (215 hp) @4000 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft) @1750–2750 7.4(MT) / 7.7(AT) 210(AT/MT)
220(AT/MT)*
3.0sd/ xDrive35d 2007–2010 M57TU2D30 210 kW (282 hp) @4400 580 N⋅m (430 lb⋅ft) @1750–2250 6.4 240

* In combination with optional Edition Sport, M-Sport package, dynamic packet or certain alloy wheels.

Cross Country[edit]

X3 CC in the 2007 Dakar Rally

The X3 Cross Country, also known as the X3 CC is an X3 prepared for rally raid competition.[8][9] It features a 2.9-litre inline-6 (debore and destroked M57TU2D30 engine from 3.0 litre to 2.9-litre), twin turbocharged diesel engine.[10]

Second generation (F25; 2011–2017)[edit]

Second generation (F25)
2011 BMW X3 -- 07-28-2011.jpg
Overview
Production1 September 2010–2017
Model years2011–2017
AssemblyUnited States: Greer, South Carolina (BMW America)
India: Chennai (BMW India)[11]
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)
Egypt: 6th of October City (BAG)[12]
Malaysia: Kulim, Kedah (Inokom)
Indonesia: Sunter, Jakarta (Gaya Motor)[13]
DesignerErik Goplen (2007)
Body and chassis
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
RelatedBMW X4 (F26)
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
2.0 L N20 I4
3.0 L N52/N55 I6
Diesel:
2.0 L N47/B47 I4
3.0 L N57 I6
Transmission6-speed manual
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,810 mm (110.6 in)
Length4,652 mm (183.1 in)
Width1,884 mm (74.2 in)
Height1,713 mm (67.4 in)
Interior

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2010 Paris Motor Show,[14][15][16]

The F25 is the second generation of BMW X3 being released in 2010 for the 2011 model year. For this generation production moved from Austria to BMW's US factory in Greer, South Carolina.[17]

The F25-based X3 is almost as large as the original E53 series X5.[18]

At launch, all models use all-wheel drive, badged as xDrive. Transmission choices are a six-speed manual or eight-speed ZF 8HP automatic transmission. The emission standard for all engines is Euro 5. A rear-wheel drive only model called sDrive was added to the range in some markets in 2012.[19]

Production of the X3 at BMW's United States plant in Greer, South Carolina started on 1 September 2010.[20] The two millionth vehicle built at BMWUSM, a vermilion red metallic X3 xDrive35i with Oyster Nevada interior and an M Sport Package, was driven by BMW Associate Terry Gardner, a 16-year BMW veteran, with accompanying associates Renita Williams, Trung Phan and Olga Yurchenko. These associates represent teams from each of the plant's manufacturing technologies: Body, Paint and Assembly. The vehicle was retained on display at the Spartanburg Plant to commemorate the milestone.[21]

Europe

UK models went on sale on 18 November 2010. Early UK models included the xDrive20d).[22] xDrive30d was added as of April 2011.[23] xDrive35d was added as of September 2011.[24] sDrive18d was added as of 20 August 2012.[25] From Spring 2013, the latest generation of BMW Professional Navigation System became available.[26]

North America

US models arrived in US BMW Centers by the end of 2010 as 2011 model year vehicles. Early US models included xDrive28i, xDrive35i.[27] In 2013 model year (produced in April 2012 and delivered in May 2012), xDrive28i was introduced as replacement for xDrive28i, with new features such as standard Auto Start/Stop, Driving Dynamics Control with ECO PRO, New Driver Assistance Package (includes Lane Departure Warning).[28] All US market vehicles come with an 8-speed automatic transmission.

For 2011, the F25 X3 is available in the US, only with a 3.0-liter inline six-cylinder gasoline engine either normally aspirated or with a twin scroll turbocharger.

In 2012, the F25 X3 xDrive28i model's 3.0L naturally-aspired inline six-cylinder gasoline engine was replaced by the 2.0L TwinPower twin-turbocharged inline four-cylinder gasoline engine that was first introduced on the BMW 3 Series (F30). A rear-wheel-drive sDrive28i model joined the X3 model lineup, marking the first non-xDrive BMW SAV to ever be sold in the United States.

In 2013, the F25 X3 xDrive28d model joined the X3 lineup, powered by a 2.0L turbocharged inline four-cylinder diesel engine, again first introduced on the BMW 3 Series (F30). As of 2017, the xDrive28d model of the F25 X3 is no longer available for sale in the United States.

2014 update[edit]

In 2014 for the 2015 model year, the F25 received a LCI (Life Cycle Impulse) facelift. Changes include new modified twin circular headlights (optional LED headlights), redesigned kidney grille, new front and rear bumpers, and exterior mirrors with integrated turn signal indicators; a centre console with optional automatic climate control system in high-gloss black-panel look, new cup holders with a sliding cover for the centre console, new exterior colours, upholstery designs, interior trim strips and light-alloy wheels; new xLine equipment package, optional Smart Opener for the automatic tailgate and storage packages.

The vehicle was unveiled in 84th Geneva International Motor Show 2014,[29] followed by 114th New York International Auto Show 2014 (xDrive28d).[30][31]

Emission violations reported[edit]

BMW X3 20d diesel was reported to exceed EU Limit Euro 6 by over 11 times.[32][33][34] On 24 September 2015, BMW denied this report in a statement.[35]

Pre-facelift styling

Post-facelift styling

Engines (2011–2014)[edit]

Petrol engines[36]
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm Torque@rpm Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s) Top speed
xDrive20i 2012– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0) 135 kW; 181 hp (184 PS)@5000–6250 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)@1250–4500 8.3 210 km/h (130 mph)
xDrive28i (3.0) 2011 2,996 cc (182.8 cu in) I6 (N52B30) 179 kW; 240 hp (243 PS)@6600 299 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft)@2750 6.5 230 km/h (143 mph)
xDrive28i (2.0T) 2012– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20O0) 180 kW; 242 hp (245 PS)@5000 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)@1250–4800 6.5 230 km/h (143 mph)
xDrive35i 2011– 2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (N55B30M0) 225 kW; 302 hp (306 PS)@5800 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1200–5000 5.7 245 km/h (152 mph)
Diesel engines
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm Torque@rpm Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s) Top speed
sDrive18d 2012– 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20) 105 kW; 141 hp (143 PS)@4000 360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)@1750–2500 9.9 195 km/h (121 mph)
xDrive20d 2011– 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20) 135 kW; 181 hp (184 PS)@4000 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)@1750–2750 8.5 210 km/h (130 mph)
xDrive30d 2011– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (N57D30O1) 190 kW; 254 hp (258 PS)@4000 560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)@2000–2750 6.2 230 km/h (143 mph)
xDrive35d 2011– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 twin turbo (N57D30T1) 230 kW; 309 hp (313 PS)@4400 630 N⋅m (465 lb⋅ft)@1500–2500 5.8 244 km/h (152 mph)

Engines (2014–2017)[edit]

Petrol engines[37]
Model Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
sDrive20i (184PS) 2014–2017 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0) 135 kW; 181 hp (184 PS)@5000–6250, 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)@1250–4500
xDrive20i (184PS) 2014–2017 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0) 135 kW; 181 hp (184 PS)@5000–6250, 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)@1250–4500
xDrive28i (245PS) 2014–2017 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20O0) 180 kW; 242 hp (245 PS)@5000–6500, 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)@1250–4800
xDrive35i (306PS) 2014–2017 2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (N55B30M0) 225 kW; 302 hp (306 PS)@5800–6400, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1250–5000
Diesel engines
Model Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
sDrive18d (150PS) 2015–2017 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (B47D20)[38] 110 kW; 148 hp (150 PS)@4000, 360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)@1500–2250
xDrive20d* (190PS) 2015–2017 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (B47D20) 140 kW; 187 hp (190 PS)@4000, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1750–2250
xDrive28d 2015–2017 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20) 134 kW; 180 hp (182 PS)@4000, 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)@1750–2750
xDrive30d 2015–2017 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (N57D30OL(tü)) 190 kW; 254 hp (258 PS)@4000, 560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)@1500–3000
xDrive35d 2015–2017 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 twin turbo (N57D30TOP(tü)) 230 kW; 309 hp (313 PS)@4400, 630 N⋅m (465 lb⋅ft)@1500–2500

* North American xDrive28d models used the four-cylinder engine from the European-specification xDrive20d models.

Third generation (G01; 2018–present)[edit]

Third generation (G01)
2018 BMW X3 (G01) xDrive30i wagon (2018-11-02) 01.jpg
Overview
Production2017–present
Model years2018–present
DesignerCalvin Luk
Body and chassis
LayoutF4 layout (xDrive)
PlatformBMW CLAR platform
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
2.0 L B48B20B turbocharged I4
3.0 L B58B30 turbocharged I6
Diesel:
2.0 L B47D20 turbo-diesel I4
3.0 L B57D30M0 turbo-diesel I6
Transmission8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,864 mm (112.8 in)
Length4,708 mm (185.4 in)
Width1,891 mm (74.4 in)
Height1,676 mm (66.0 in)

With arrival in 2017, the next generation BMW X3 has a new design created by BMW's Australian designer, Calvin Luk.[39]

The new version is codenamed G01 and was unveiled in June 2017. The new X3 crossover will adopt a plug-in hybrid technology, and will be made available in two 2.0 litre diesel units known as B47, a next generation 3.0 diesel engine (B57), and a petrol variant (B58): a gasoline-powered, turbo-charged straight six with a displacement of 2998 cc.[40]

The third-generation X3 gained new technology courtesy of the BMW 5 Series (G30), such as gesture control (optional), LED exterior and interior lighting, and the newest BMW iDrive 6.0 system with a 12.5-inch widescreen touch-screen monitor for navigation systems. Depending on the model, the new X3 is as much as 55 kg (121 lb) lighter than a comparably equipped corresponding model from the previous X3 generation.[41]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines[41] [42]
Model Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
xDrive20i 2018– 1,998 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (BMW B48) 135 kW; 181 hp (184 PS)@5000, 290 N⋅m (214 lb⋅ft)@1350–4250
xDrive30i 2018– 1,998 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (BMW B48) 185 kW; 249 hp (252 PS)@5200, 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)@1520–4800
M40i 2018– 2,998 cc (182.9 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (BMW B58) 265 kW; 355 hp (360 PS)@5500–6500, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@1520–4800
Diesel engines
Model Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
xDrive20d 2018– 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (BMW B47) 140 kW; 187 hp (190 PS)@4000, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1750–2500
xDrive30d 2018– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (BMW B57) 195 kW; 261 hp (265 PS)@4000, 620 N⋅m (457 lb⋅ft)@2000–2500
M40d 2018– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (BMW B57) 235 kW; 316 hp (320 PS)@4000, 680 N⋅m (502 lb⋅ft)@1750–2250

Alpina XD3[edit]

Alpina XD3 at Geneva Motorshow 2018

The Alpina XD3 made its debut at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show. The XD3 is fitted with an Alpina-modified version of BMW's B57 Diesel inline-six engine. In the quad-turbo left-hand drive version, the engine outputs 388 PS (383 hp; 285 kW) and 770 N⋅m (568 lbf⋅ft), giving a 0-100 km/h (62 mph) time of 4.6 s and a top speed of 266 km/h (165 mph). In the bi-turbo right-hand drive version, the engine outputs 333 PS (328 hp; 245 kW) and 700 N⋅m (516 lbf⋅ft), giving it a 0-100 km/h (62 mph) time of 4.9 s and a top speed of 254 km/h (158 mph).

Production and sales[edit]

On 18 June 2008, the 500,000th X3 was produced in Graz.

Calendar year Total production US sales
2004 92,248[43] 34,604
2005 110,719[43] 30,769[44]
2006 114,000[43] 31,291
2007 111,879[45] 28,058[46]
2008 84,440[47] 17,622
2009 55,634[48] 6,067[49]
2010 46,004[50] 6,075[51]
2011 117,944 27,793[52]
2012 149,853 35,173[53]
2013 157,303 30,623
2014 150,915[54] 33,824[55]
2015 137,810[54] 31,924[56]
2016 157,017[57] 44,196[58]
2017 146,395[59] 40,691[60]

BMW iX3[edit]

iX3 concept

A battery-electric version with a WLTP-rated 400 km (249 mile) range based on the third generation X3 is expected to be released in 2020. The BMW iX3 is the first i model based on an existing car in BMW’s line-up. The iX3 produces over 270 hp and has a battery capacity of over 70 kWh.[61]

The electric powertrain is distinguished by a more compact design than that used by the existing BMW i3 with the electric motor, transmission and power electrics grouped together in a single component. It allows BMW to significantly reduce production costs over the old unit.[61] As with the Audi e-tron, the BMW iX3 features a control unit that permits its battery to charged at fast-charging stations generating up to 150 kW, allowing it to be fully charged in just 30 minutes.[61]

The BMW iX3 will be built in China,[62] with Norway being among the first markets.[63]

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