Mandi (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Mandi
Ram Swaroop Sharma - PCC Meeting For Culture And Tourism - Kolkata 2017-07-10 1278.JPG
Ram Swaroop Sharma
Existence1952 - present
Reservationnone
Current MPRam Swaroop Sharma
PartyBharatiya Janata Party
Elected Year2014
StateHimachal Pradesh
Most Successful PartyIndian National Congress (12 times)


Mandi Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: मंडी लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the four Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Himachal Pradesh state in northern India. Ram Swaroop Sharma, representing BJP is current member of Lok Sabha from Mandi.

History[edit]

Mandi Parliamentary constituency already emerged as a hot bed of politics where not only the BJP and the Congress will fight for their prestige, but is the only seat in the state where the Left front has popped up a candidate.[1] The constituency then was named as Mandi -Mahasu was represented by Rani Amrit Kaur and Sh Gopi Ram of the erstwhile Patiala state during 1952-57. In the Lok Sabha elections that followed in 1957, the seat was represented by Raja Joginder Sen of the erstwhile Mandi state, who represented the seat till 1962. In the following elections that year Raja Lalit Sen of Sundarnagar or the erstwhile Suket State was elected. He repeated his victory in the 1967 elections.

However, in period from 1977 to 1979, the constituency was represented by Ganga Singh who represented the Janata Party, which came to power at the centre immediately after the elections that followed the imposition of emergency in the country and the Congress, under Indira Gandhi was routed. He defeated Congress candidate Virbhadra Singh.

Then came along the man, who called himself the son-of-the-soil, Sukh Ram. He switched from state politics to the Parliament and won comfortably in 1985. In the next election, however, it was again another blue-blooded royal, Maheshwar Singh, scion of the erstwhile Kullu state who drubbed the son-of-the-soil at the polls.

But Sukh Ram bounced back and won again in 1994, but was expelled from the Congress a couple of years later, following the reported recovery of large amounts of cash from his residence. To re-establish his political dominion Sukh Ram floated Himachal Vikas Congress and came back into politics with a bang – winning five Assembly seats in 1998 along with wresting Shimla (reserved) parliamentary seat from the Congress in 1999. In 1998, Sukh Ram’s HVC under an alliance with the BJP supported the candidature of Maheshwar Singh, who won easily. In 2004, Congress candidate Pratibha Singh defeated Maheshwar Singh. In the last Parliament elections 2009, Congress candidate Virbhadra Singh defeated Maheshwar Singh by a very small gap.[2]

Assembly segments[edit]

Mandi Lok Sabha constituency presently comprises the following 17 Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) segments:[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

SI No. Year Name Party
1. 1952 Gopi Ram Indian National Congress
2. 1952
(By poll)
Amrit Kaur Indian National Congress [3]
3. 1957 Joginder Sen Indian National Congress
4. 1962 Lalit Sen Indian National Congress
5. 1967 Lalit Sen Indian National Congress
6. 1971 Virbhadra Singh Indian National Congress
7. 1977 Ganga Singh Bharatiya Lok Dal
8. 1980 Virbhadra Singh Indian National Congress (Socialist)
9. 1984 Sukh Ram Indian National Congress
10. 1989 Maheshwar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
11. 1991 Sukh Ram Indian National Congress
12. 1996 Sukh Ram Indian National Congress
13. 1998 Maheshwar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
14. 1999 Maheshwar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
15. 2004 Pratibha Singh Indian National Congress
16. 2009 Virbhadra Singh Indian National Congress
17. 2013
(By poll)
Pratibha Singh Indian National Congress
18. 2014 Ram Swaroop Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
19. 2019 Ram Swaroop Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party

Election results[edit]

1951 election[edit]

General Election, 1951: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Amrit Kaur 47,152 26.89
INC Gopi Ram 41,433 26.63
KMPP Tej Singh 19,872 11.33
SCF Anokhi Ram 18,988 10.83
Socialist Muni Lal 16,780 9.57
BJS Hari Dutt 12,053 6.87
Independent Kahan Singh 19,099 10.89
Majority
Turnout
INC win (new seat)

1957 election[edit]

General Election, 1957: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Joginder Sen Bahadur 57,530 63.47
CPI Mast Ram 0 00.00
Independent Anand Chand 33,110 36.53
Majority
Turnout
INC hold Swing

1962 election[edit]

General Election, 1962: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Lalit Sen 46,856 63.56
Swatantra Party Ambika Kumari 20,600 27.95
BJS Kuldip Singh 2,742 3.72
Independent Tej Singh 3,516 4.77
Majority
Turnout
INC gain from Swatantra Party Swing

1967 election[edit]

General Election, 1967: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Lalit Sen 62,596 51.65
Independent I. Singh 28,331 23.38
Independent D.S.Ram 26,877 22.18
Independent N.D. Joshi 3,377 2.79
Majority
Turnout
INC gain from [[|N/A]] Swing

1971 election[edit]

General Election, 1971: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Virbhadra Singh 1,14,957 71.95
LRP Mandhar Lal 25,780 16.14
NCO Gauri Prashad 6,344 3.97
Independent Nawal Thakur 4,914 3.08
Independent Mahavr Prashad 4,587 0.87
Independent Tulsi Ram 3,182 1.99
Majority
Turnout
INC gain from LRP Swing

1977 election[edit]

General Election, 1977: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Virbhadra Singh 1,02,638 39.52
BLD Ganga Singh 1,38,143 53.19
CPI (M) Tara Chand 8,950 3.45
Independent Nawal Thakur 7,817 3.01
Independent Ani Rudh 2,167 0.83
Majority
Turnout
BLD gain from INC Swing

1980 election[edit]

General Election, 1980: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
IC(S) Virbhadra Singh 1,66,949 56.60
Janata Party Ganga Singh 1,08,595 36.82
JNP(S) Bhagat Guru 12,544 4.25
Independent Puran Mal 4,626 1.57
Independent Naval Thakur 2,255 0.76
Majority
Turnout
IC(S) gain from BLD Swing

1984 election[edit]

General Election, 1984: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Sukh Ram 2,24,146 67.52
BJP Madhukar Singh 92,495 27.86
INC(J) Nand Singh 3,817 1.15
Janata Party Het Ram 2,331 0.70
Independent Kamal Kishore 2,921 0.88
Independent Narpat Ram Chauhan 2,616 0.79
Independent Nawal Thakur 2,453 0.74
Independent Durga Singh Rathore 1,194 0.36
Majority 1,31,651 39.66
Turnout 3,31,973
INC gain from IC(S) Swing

1989 election[edit]

General Election, 1989: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Maheshwar Singh 2,34,164 50.36
INC Sukh Ram 2,06,095 44.33
CPI (M) D.N. Kapoor 9,736 2.09
Doordarshi Party O.M. Prakash 5,510 1.19
BSP Dharam Singh 4,489 0.97
Janata Party Naval Thaur 3,423 0.74
Independent Raj Kumar 1,530 0.33
Majority 28,069 6.03
Turnout 4,64,947
BJP gain from INC Swing

1991 election[edit]

General Election, 1991: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Sukh Ram 2,33,380 49.70
BJP Maheshwar Singh 2,06,753 44.03
Janata Dal Karam Singh 18,112 3.86
Shiv Sena Subh Ram Thakray 790 0.15
Doordarshi Party Om Prakash 3970 0.85
Janata Party Prem Singh Thakur 2,829 0.60
Independent Om Dutt Sharma 1,954 0.37
Independent Krishan Lal Sharma 1049 0.20
Independent Amar Nirogotra 936 0.18
Independent Nawal Thakur 768 0.15
Independent Gian Chand Paniala 739 0.14
Independent Jeevan Parkash Sharma 695 0.13
Independent Brikam Ram 449 0.09
Independent Ramesh Kumar Garla 294 0.06
Majority 26,627 5.67
Turnout 4,72,718
INC gain from BJP Swing

1996 election[edit]

General Election, 1996: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Sukh Ram 3,28,186 62.44
BJP Adan Singh Thakur 1,74,963 33.29
SP Ganga Singh 6,460 1.23
Shiv Sena Subh Ram Thakray 790 0.15
IC(T) Chandermani Sharma 3,717 0.71
Independent Amar Nirgotra 4,608 0.88
Independent Kanshi Ram 1,954 0.37
Independent Devender Sharma 1049 0.20
Independent Bal Krishan 936 0.18
Independent Diwan Chand Gupta 768 0.15
Independent Ramesh Chand Gautam 739 0.14
Independent Jeevan Parkash Sharma 695 0.13
Independent Brikam Ram 449 0.09
Independent Ramesh Kumar Garla 294 0.06
Majority 1,53,223 29.15
Turnout 5,25,608
INC gain from BJP Swing

1998 election[edit]

General Election, 1998: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Maheshwar Singh 3,04,210 62.44 +29.15
INC Pratibha Singh 1,72,378 35.38 -27.06
Sukh Ram 8,304 1.70
SJP(R) Dina Nath 1,265 0.26
Independent Amar Nirgotra 1081 0.22
Majority 1,31,832 27.06 +2.09
Turnout 4,90,660
BJP gain from INC Swing

1999 election[edit]

General Election, 1999: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Maheshwar Singh 3,25,929 62.05 -0.39
INC Kaul Singh 1,94,904 37.11 +1.73
NCP Ravi Thakur 3,657 0.7
Independent Amar Nirgotra 750 0.14 -0.07
Majority 1,31,025 24.94 -2.22
Turnout 5,28,636 54.56
BJP gain from INC Swing

2004 election[edit]

General Election, 2004: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Pratibha Singh 357,623 53.41 +16.30
BJP Maheshwar Singh 291,057 43.47 -18.58
BSP Mohan Lal Sahni 8,671 1.30
Independent Shah Mohammad 8,076 1.21
Independent Kashmir Singh Guleria 4,125 0.62
Majority 66,566 9.94 -15.00
Turnout 669,552 62.91 +8.35
INC gain from BJP Swing

2009 election[edit]

General Election, 2009: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Virbhadra Singh 3,40,973 47.82 -5.59
BJP Maheshwar Singh 3,26,976 45.85 +2.38
BSP Lala Ram 10,131 1.42 +0.12
CPI (M) DR. ONKAR SHAD 20,664 2.89
RWS Hookam Chand Shastri 7,877 1.10
Independent Shan Mohammad 6,405 0.89
Majority 13,997 1.97 -7.97
Turnout 7,13,026 64.09 +1.18
INC hold Swing

2013 By-election[edit]

By Election, 2013: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Pratibha Singh 3,53,492 60.71 +12.89
BJP Jai Ram Thakur 2,16,765 37.23 -8.63
Independent Subhash Mohan Snehi 6,057 1.04 +1.04
PRISM Lawan Kumar 5,932 1.02 +1.02
Majority 1,36,727 23.48 +21.52
Turnout 5,82,246 51.79 -12.30
INC hold Swing +12.89

2014 election[edit]

Indian general elections, 2014: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Ram Swaroop Sharma 3,62,824 49.94 +12.71
INC Pratibha Singh 3,22,968 44.46 -16.25
CPI (M) Kushal Bhardwaj 13,965 1.92 +1.92
AAP Jai Chand Thakur 9,359 1.29 +1.29
BSP Lala Ram 5,167 0.71 +0.71
NOTA None of the above 6,191 0.85 +0.85
Majority 39,856 5.48 -18.00
Turnout 7,26,094 63.12 +11.33
BJP gain from INC Swing -10.77

2019 Election[edit]

Indian general elections, 2019: Mandi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Ram Swaroop Sharma 6,47,189 68.75
INC Aashray sharma 2,41,730 25.68
CPI (M) Daleep Singh Kaith 14,838 1.58
BSP Ses Ram 9,060 0.96
NOTA None of the Above 5,298 0.56
Majority 4,05,459 43.07
Turnout 9,41,371 73.40
BJP hold Swing

Stations and 2 Auxiliary polling stations are being set up in the Four Parliamentary Constituencies for Lok Sabha Elections – 2009 in the State. 1259 Pole been declared as sensitive while 708 polling Stations have been classified as Hypersensitive to ensure free and fair elections in the State. The maximum number of Hyper Sensitive Polling Stations is 197 in Kangra District, he added. However, the largest number of Polling Stations was 1921 in 2-Mandi Parliamentary Constituency, including the Auxiliary Polling Station in Jogindernagar Assembly Constituency.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parliamentary Constituency Wise Result of H.P. of Lok Sabha Elections-2009" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Himachal Pradesh website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  2. ^ "Mandi Parliamentary Constituency". Himvani.
  3. ^ "First Lok Sabha State wise Details Himachal Pradesh". Retrieved 23 November 2017.